How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binder, P.-M., 2008. Physics. Reflections on a wall of light. Science 322, 1334–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lumpkin, E.A., Caterina, M.J., 2007. Mechanisms of sensory transduction in the skin. Nature 445, 858–865.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mansouri, F.A., Buckley, M.J., Tanaka, K., 2007. Mnemonic function of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in conflict-induced behavioral adjustment. Science 318, 987–990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, K., Marsland, R., III, Upadhyayula, S., Song, E., Dang, S., Capraro, B.R., Wang, W., Skillern, W., Gaudin, R., Ma, M., Kirchhausen, T., 2017. Dynamics of phosphoinositide conversion in clathrin-mediated endocytic traffic. Nature 552, 410–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pommier, S., Gravouil, A., Combescure, A., Moës, N., 2013. Extended Finite Element Method for Crack Propagation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Arabatzis, T., Renn, J., Simões, A. (Eds.), 2015. Relocating the History of Science: Essays in Honor of Kostas Gavroglu, Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tjulkins, F., Nguyen, A.T., Andersen, M., Imenes, K., 2013. MEMS Accelerometer-Based Heart Monitoring System with Myocardial Fixation, in: Dekhtyar, Y., Katashev, A., Lancere, L. (Eds.), International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, 10-12 October, 2012, Riga, Latvia, IFMBE Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Guy Made A DIY Liquid Nitrogen-Firing Ice Blaster [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Drug Abuse: Research on Treatment May Not Address Current Needs (No. HRD-90-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muniyappa, V.K., 2012. Performance analysis of IPv4 versus IPv6 in a simple campus network (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Battle Lines on Broadway: Little Slips vs. Big Type. New York Times 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binder, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Binder, 2008; Lumpkin and Caterina, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lumpkin and Caterina, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

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