How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theise, N.D., 2005. Now you see it, now you don’t. Nature 435, 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheu, Y.-J., Stillman, B., 2010. The Dbf4-Cdc7 kinase promotes S phase by alleviating an inhibitory activity in Mcm4. Nature 463, 113–117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levayer, R., Hauert, B., Moreno, E., 2015. Cell mixing induced by myc is required for competitive tissue invasion and destruction. Nature 524, 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chabot, J.R., Pedraza, J.M., Luitel, P., van Oudenaarden, A., 2007. Stochastic gene expression out-of-steady-state in the cyanobacterial circadian clock. Nature 450, 1249–1252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., Finger, A., 2005. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Johnson, H., 2008. Violence Against Women: An International Perspective. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Sagar, M., Robertson, P., Bullivant, D., Efimov, O., Jawed, K., Kalarot, R., Wu, T., 2015. BL: A Visual Computing Framework for Interactive Neural System Models of Embodied Cognition and Face to Face Social Learning, in: Calude, C.S., Dinneen, M.J. (Eds.), Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation: 14th International Conference, UCNC 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, August 30 -- September 3, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Photographer and Leopard Seal Come Face-to-Face [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Aviation Security: Management Challenges Remain for the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Program (No. GAO-06-864T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mocilnikar, G.E., 2011. Playing with movies: An examination of the interactions between music and film in “Fantasie for horn and film” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hostetter, M.A., 2016. Dear Dad: We’ve Been Gay for a Really Long Time. New York Times ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Theise, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sheu and Stillman, 2010; Theise, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheu and Stillman, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chabot et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

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