How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway, J., 2015. Malaria: Fifteen years of interventions. Nature 526, 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Middelburg, J.J., Meysman, F.J.R., 2007. Ocean science. Burial at sea. Science 316, 1294–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keenan, S.W., Engel, A.S., Elsey, R.M., 2013. The alligator gut microbiome and implications for archosaur symbioses. Sci. Rep. 3, 2877.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bai, Y., Bi, H., Zhuang, Y., Liu, C., Cai, T., Liu, X., Zhang, X., Liu, T., Ma, Y., 2014. Production of salidroside in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli. Sci. Rep. 4, 6640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort, H., 2006. SDH/SONET Explained in Functional Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Thakur, M.K., Rattan, S.I.S. (Eds.), 2012. Brain Aging and Therapeutic Interventions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bein, D., Datta, A.K., Sathyanarayanan, B.A., 2009. Efficient Broadcasting by Selective Forwarding, in: Papadopoulos, G.A., Badica, C. (Eds.), Intelligent Distributed Computing III: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2009, Ayia Napa, Cyprus,October 2009, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Learning To Drink Is Hard Work- Who’d Have Trunk It? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Space Station: Prime Contract Changes (No. NSIAD-00-103R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Limpert, S.M., 2017. A Qualitative Study of Learning Spaces at a Midwest Elementary School and its Relationship to Student Attitudes about Reading (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2014. Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemingway, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hemingway, 2015; Middelburg and Meysman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Middelburg and Meysman, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

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