How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fleischhauer, M., 2011. Physics. Switching light by vacuum. Science 333, 1228–1229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Satheesh, S.K., Ramanathan, V., V., 2000. Large differences in tropical aerosol forcing at the top of the atmosphere and Earth’s surface. Nature 405, 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
French, S., Lekic, V., Romanowicz, B., 2013. Waveform tomography reveals channeled flow at the base of the oceanic asthenosphere. Science 342, 227–230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gong, H., Yang, Y., Chen, Xingxing, Zhao, D., Chen, Xi, Chen, Y., Yan, M., Li, Q., Qiu, M., 2014. Gold nanoparticle transfer through photothermal effects in a metamaterial absorber by nanosecond laser. Sci. Rep. 4, 6080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer, P.D., 2005. Mathematical Journeys. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stigbrand, T., Carlsson, J., Adams, G.P. (Eds.), 2008. Targeted Radionuclide Tumor Therapy: Biological Aspects. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Battaglia, G., Cagol, M., Realdon, S., Castoro, C., Diamantis, G., Ruol, A., 2014. Timing and Protocols of Endoscopic Follow-Up in Operated Patients After Esophageal Surgery, in: Galloro, G. (Ed.), Endoscopic Follow-up of Digestive Anastomosis. Springer, Milano, pp. 23–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Your Blood Type Could Influence Your Chance Of Developing Alzheimer’s [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: DEA Has Developed Plans and Established Controls for Business Continuity Planning (No. AIMD-00-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda, A., 2013. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2014. At Least 3 Die in Collapse of Gold Mine. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fleischhauer, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fleischhauer, 2011; Satheesh and Ramanathan, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Satheesh and Ramanathan, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

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