How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R., 2002. Palaeoanthropology: face to face with our past. Nature 420, 735–736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster, K.R., Ratnieks, F.L., 2000. Facultative worker policing in a wasp. Nature 407, 692–693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi, T., Saito, T., Ohtani, H., 2001. Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization. Nature 414, 531–534.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Armani, A.M., Kulkarni, R.P., Fraser, S.E., Flagan, R.C., Vahala, K.J., 2007. Label-free, single-molecule detection with optical microcavities. Science 317, 783–787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars, C., 2011. Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hakeem, K.R., Jawaid, M., Rashid, U. (Eds.), 2014. Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson, S., 2011. Richard Zaner and “Standard” Medical Ethics, in: Wiggins, O.P., Allen, A.C. (Eds.), Clinical Ethics and the Necessity of Stories: Essays in Honor of Richard M. Zaner, Philosophy and Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Open Source Science Explores Malaria Drugs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges for Transforming Into a High-Performing Organization (No. GAO-04-770T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burgner, J., 2010. Bullying prevention: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2012. DC Comics Unveils New Power Couple. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2002; Foster and Ratnieks, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foster and Ratnieks, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Armani et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

Other styles