How to format your references using the Marine Micropaleontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Micropaleontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, D.K.A., 2002. Biodiversity: invasions by marine life on plastic debris. Nature 416, 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Groot, B.L., Grubmüller, H., 2001. Water permeation across biological membranes: mechanism and dynamics of aquaporin-1 and GlpF. Science 294, 2353–2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hnasko, T.S., Sotak, B.N., Palmiter, R.D., 2005. Morphine reward in dopamine-deficient mice. Nature 438, 854–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leo, N., Carolus, V., White, J.S., Kenzelmann, M., Hudl, M., Tolédano, P., Honda, T., Kimura, T., Ivanov, S.A., Weil, M., Lottermoser, T., Meier, D., Fiebig, M., 2018. Magnetoelectric inversion of domain patterns. Nature 560, 466–470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L.T., Wilhelmsen, C.A., 2016. Occupational Ergonomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bartolo, B.D., Collins, J. (Eds.), 2011. Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler, W., Lechleiter, A., Plum, M., Schneider, G., Wieners, C., 2011. The role of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in nonlinear optics, in: Lechleiter, A., Plum, M., Schneider, G., Wieners, C. (Eds.), Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation. Springer, Basel, pp. 127–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Micropaleontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Have There Been so Many Shark Attacks in North Carolina? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened (No. GAO-12-647). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph, W.R., 2002. Physical Characterization of Vernix Caseosa: Implications for Biological Function (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2007. Hempstead Board Rejects Belmont Park Flea Market. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes, 2002; de Groot and Grubmüller, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Groot and Grubmüller, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Leo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Micropaleontology
AbbreviationMar. Micropaleontol.
ISSN (print)0377-8398

Other styles