How to format your references using the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Galizia CG. Neuroscience. Brainwashing, honeybee style. Science. 2007 Jul 20;317(5836):326–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sun JC, Bevan MJ. Defective CD8 T cell memory following acute infection without CD4 T cell help. Science. 2003 Apr 11;300(5617):339–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hemingway J, Field L, Vontas J. An overview of insecticide resistance. Science. 2002 Oct 4;298(5591):96–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Peña PV, Davrazou F, Shi X, Walter KL, Verkhusha VV, Gozani O, et al. Molecular mechanism of histone H3K4me3 recognition by plant homeodomain of ING2. Nature. 2006 Jul 6;442(7098):100–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Patty BW, editor. Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015. XI, 278 p. 62 illus., 34 illus. in color. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; vol. 222).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Peer S, Gruber H. Traumatic Nerve Lesions. In: Peer S, Bodner G, editors. High-Resolution Sonography of the Peripheral Nervous System. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 123–51. (Medical Radiology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astonishing Time-Lapse Of Hawaii’s Volcanoes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/astonishing-time-lapse-hawaiis-volcanoes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: B-256481.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sweeney MT. Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare treatment outcomes: Wediko Children’s Services short-term residential treatment program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Foley J, Hay G. New Potential for A.I.G. Deals. New York Times. 2010 Jul 20;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
AbbreviationAnn. R. Coll. Surg. Engl.
ISSN (print)0035-8843
ISSN (online)1478-7083
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Surgery

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