How to format your references using the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schindel DE. Biology without borders. Nature. 2010 Oct 14;467(7317):779–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Punnoose A, Finkel’stein AM. Metal-insulator transition in disordered two-dimensional electron systems. Science. 2005 Oct 14;310(5746):289–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mottram DS, Wedzicha BL, Dodson AT. Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature. 2002 Oct 3;419(6906):448–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yokouchi Y, Ikeda M, Inuzuka Y, Yukawa T. Strong emission of methyl chloride from tropical plants. Nature. 2002 Mar 14;416(6877):163–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dao TT, Ho Ba Tho M-C. Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Winkler D, O’Connor RV, Messnarz R, editors. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 19th European Conference, EuroSPI 2012, Vienna, Austria, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. 364 p. 98 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 301).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lê M, Unkelbach J, Ayache N, Delingette H. GPSSI: Gaussian Process for Sampling Segmentations of Images. In: Navab N, Hornegger J, Wells WM, Frangi AF, editors. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part III. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 38–46. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. The Big Picture Of The Universe Reveals The Family Tree Of Galaxies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-big-picture-of-the-universe-reveals-the-family-tree-of-galaxies/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Efforts to Improve Taxpayer Correspondence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-90-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Prima MB. Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shultz GP. O’Reilly, Wrong on Reagan. New York Times. 2015 Dec 8;A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
AbbreviationAnn. R. Coll. Surg. Engl.
ISSN (print)0035-8843
ISSN (online)1478-7083
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Surgery

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