How to format your references using the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fields HL. Neuroscience. More pain; less gain. Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):513–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Papavasiliou FN, Schatz DG. Cell-cycle-regulated DNA double-stranded breaks in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):216–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Canfield DE, Poulton SW, Narbonne GM. Late-Neoproterozoic deep-ocean oxygenation and the rise of animal life. Science. 2007 Jan 5;315(5808):92–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Marchetti A, Parker MS, Moccia LP, Lin EO, Arrieta AL, Ribalet F, et al. Ferritin is used for iron storage in bloom-forming marine pennate diatoms. Nature. 2009 Jan 22;457(7228):467–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Voigtman E. Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Byrne S, Clarke A, Harrison R, Torrence R, editors. Unpacking the Collection: Networks of Material and Social Agency in the Museum. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. VIII, 342 p. 83 illus., 47 illus. in color. (One World Archaeology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tarc P. Full-Time Teachers’ Learning. In: Clark R, Livingstone DW, Smaller H, editors. Teacher Learning and Power in the Knowledge Society. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 87–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Velvet Worm Slimes Prey In Wild Spray Attack [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-velvet-worm-slimes-prey-wild-spray-attack/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Interest Earned on Letter of Credit Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-97-241R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brandom BM. Spiritual and emotional needs of young adults who are members of mainstream Protestant churches [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. The Eve of Destruction, as Seen on TV. New York Times. 2017 Sep 14;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
AbbreviationAnn. R. Coll. Surg. Engl.
ISSN (print)0035-8843
ISSN (online)1478-7083
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Surgery

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