How to format your references using the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Engheta N. Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials. Science. 2007 Sep 21;317(5845):1698–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Azzalin CM, Lingner J. Cell biology. Telomere wedding ends in divorce. Science. 2004 Apr 2;304(5667):60–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Eswaramoorthy SK, Howe JM, Muralidharan G. In situ determination of the nanoscale chemistry and behavior of solid-liquid systems. Science. 2007 Nov 30;318(5855):1437–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rubinstein JL, Vidale JE, Gomberg J, Bodin P, Creager KC, Malone SD. Non-volcanic tremor driven by large transient shear stresses. Nature. 2007 Aug 2;448(7153):579–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jevon P. Paediatric Advanced Life Support. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bradt RC, Munz D, Sakai M, White KW, editors. Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. IX, 636 p. (Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics, Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals; vol. 14).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Iyer KM. The Elbow Joint. In: Iyer KM, editor. Trauma Management in Orthopedics. London: Springer; 2013. p. 27–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Tree Kangaroos: Real Life Teddy Bears [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tree-kangaroos/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-93-198.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnson L. A cross-cultural examination of the needs and behaviors of female caregivers of cancer patients at the end of life: A theoretical elaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justice Recalls Treats Laced With Poison. New York Times. 2006 Nov 17;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
AbbreviationAnn. R. Coll. Surg. Engl.
ISSN (print)0035-8843
ISSN (online)1478-7083
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Surgery

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