How to format your references using the World Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stafford N. Spy in the sky. Nature. 2007;445:808–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Velicogna I, Wahr J. Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica. Science. 2006;311:1754–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Eccleston A, Cesari F, Skipper M. Transcription and epigenetics. Nature. 2013;502:461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bastarache L, Hughey JJ, Hebbring S, Marlo J, Zhao W, Ho WT, et al. Phenotype risk scores identify patients with unrecognized Mendelian disease patterns. Science. 2018;359:1233–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reeve WD. DC Power System Design for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Albeverio S, Blanchard P, editors. Direction of Time. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bushey J. Trustworthy Digital Images and the Cloud: Early Findings of the Records in the Cloud Project. In: Gathegi JN, Tonta Y, Kurbanoğlu S, Al U, Taşkın Z, editors. Challenges of Information Management Beyond the Cloud: 4th International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2013, Limerick, Ireland, September 4-6, 2013 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Some Scientific Explanations for Alien Abduction That Aren’t so Out of This World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/some-scientific-explanations-for-alien-abduction-that-arent-so-out-of-this-world/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA’s Security-Related Technology Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Feb. Report No.: GAO-16-176.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Djajalaksana YM. A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Austen B. Violence and Division on Chicago’s South Side. New York Times. 2016 Dec 10;SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationWorld J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (online)1477-7819
ScopeOncology
Surgery

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