How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, M. M. Time to rethink the NIH. Nature 471, 569–571 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
McSweeney, S. & Fromme, P. Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature 505, 620–621 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, H., Nakatsuji, N. & Suemori, H. Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Sci. Rep. 4, 4488 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Blinov, B. B., Moehring, D. L., Duan, L.-M. & Monroe, C. Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon. Nature 428, 153–157 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allerton, D. Principles of Flight Simulation. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009).
An edited book
Management of Breast Cancer in Older Women. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Mokam, D. US and the Democratic Process in Cameroon from 1990 to 2013. in Global Perspectives on US Democratization Efforts: From the Outside In (eds. Burt, S. & Añorve, D. A.) 69–88 (Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Chameleon Field: Will We Ever Find This ‘Fifth Force’? IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Students with Disabilities: Better Federal Coordination Could Lessen Challenges in the Transition from High School. (2012).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, A. G. Large margin transformation learning. (Columbia University, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. Bright, Playful, Swiss. New York Times E9 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neurology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1759-4758
ISSN (online)1759-4766
ScopeClinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles