How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Osborne, J. Arguing to learn in science: the role of collaborative, critical discourse. Science 328, 463–466 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohwer, F. & Thurber, R. V. Viruses manipulate the marine environment. Nature 459, 207–212 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Connors, M., Wiegert, P. & Veillet, C. Earth’s Trojan asteroid. Nature 475, 481–483 (2011).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lu, T. et al. Gene regulation and DNA damage in the ageing human brain. Nature 429, 883–891 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paladino, B. Corporate Performance Management Best Practices. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
Computer Vision – ECCV 2014: 13th European Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-12, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. 8690, (Springer International Publishing, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Matwin, S., Nin, J., Sehatkar, M. & Szapiro, T. A Review of Attribute Disclosure Control. in Advanced Research in Data Privacy (eds. Navarro-Arribas, G. & Torra, V.) 41–61 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neurology.

Blog post
Hale, T. Parents Are Freaking Out Because They Can’t Answer A 7-Year-Old Kid’s Exam Question. IFLScience (2016). Available at: (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start Program. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reich, L. M. Adapted physical education teachers’ attitudes towards their students with hidden and visible disabilities. (California State University, Long Beach, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M. & Haag, M. Charter Bus Slams Into a City Bus at a Busy Queens Intersection, Killing 3. New York Times A22 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neurology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1759-4758
ISSN (online)1759-4766
ScopeClinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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