How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Braun, J. The food crisis isn’t over. Nature 456, 701 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagan, J. & Palloni, A. Social science. Death in Darfur. Science 313, 1578–1579 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic, S., Nahvi, A. & Green, R. A parsimonious model for gene regulation by miRNAs. Science 331, 550–553 (2011).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Li, M., Meng, G., Huang, Q. & Zhang, S. Improved sensitivity of polychlorinated-biphenyl-orientated porous-ZnO surface photovoltage sensors from chemisorption-formed ZnO-CuPc composites. Sci. Rep. 4, 4284 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk, P. Chemical Risk Assessment. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013).
An edited book
Learning Analytics: From Research to Practice. (Springer, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Barker, K. Combining Structured and Unstructured Knowledge Sources for Question Answering in Watson. in Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 8th International Conference, DILS 2012, College Park, MD, USA, June 28-29, 2012. Proceedings (eds. Bodenreider, O. & Rance, B.) 53–55 (Springer, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neurology.

Blog post
Fang, J. Mars Rover Breaks Longest Off-World Driving Record. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Funding of the Office of Management and Budget’s Initiatives. (2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrade, N. A. Environmental fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in agricultural soils which have received biosolids application. (University of Maryland, College Park, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Hong Kong Trilogy: Preschooled Preoccupied Preposterous. New York Times C10 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neurology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1759-4758
ISSN (online)1759-4766
ScopeClinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles