How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, D. J. Computer science. How smart is your home? Science 335, 1579–1581 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini, A. & Cheng, C. Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Sci. Rep. 3, 2476 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Webber, B. L., Le Maitre, D. C. & Kriticos, D. J. Comment on ‘Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders’. Science 338, 193; author reply 193 (2012).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Qi, Z., Pei, G., Chen, L. & Zhang, W. Single-cell analysis reveals gene-expression heterogeneity in syntrophic dual-culture of Desulfovibrio vulgaris with Methanosarcina barkeri. Sci. Rep. 4, 7478 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, Y. S. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research. vol. 39 (Springer, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Bassi, E., Leoni, D., Leucci, S., Pane, J. & Vaccari, L. Opening Public Deliberations: Transparency, Privacy, Anonymisation. in AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems: AICOL 2013 International Workshops, AICOL-IV@IVR, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, July 21-27, 2013 and AICOL-V@SINTELNET-JURIX, Bologna, Italy, December 11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (eds. Casanovas, P., Pagallo, U., Palmirani, M. & Sartor, G.) 41–53 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Neurology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. We Now Know Why The Dinosaurs Went Up In Smoke But Other Lifeforms Didn’t. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: NASA Is Not Properly Safeguarding Valuable Data From Past Missions. (1990).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schluter, K. T. Hearing words without structure: Subliminal speech priming and the organization of the Moroccan Arabic lexicon. (University of Arizona, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile. New York Times A4 (2006).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Neurology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Neurol.
ISSN (print)1759-4758
ISSN (online)1759-4766
ScopeClinical Neurology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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