How to format your references using the Decision Support Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision Support Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
G. Rhodes, The career I dreamed of?, Science. 345 (2014) 1414.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
M. Shibasaki, N. Masataka, The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5899.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M.A. Nowak, C.E. Tarnita, E.O. Wilson, The evolution of eusociality, Nature. 466 (2010) 1057–1062.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A.F. Straight, A. Cheung, J. Limouze, I. Chen, N.J. Westwood, J.R. Sellers, T.J. Mitchison, Dissecting temporal and spatial control of cytokinesis with a myosin II Inhibitor, Science. 299 (2003) 1743–1747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
R.R. Crichton, R.J. Ward, Metal-based Neurodegeneration, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
[1]
J. Romero, J. McDermott, J. Correia, eds., Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Third European Conference, EvoMUSART 2014, Granada, Spain, April 23-25, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
A. Bain, D. Crisan, Uniqueness of the Solution to the Zakai and the Kushner–Stratonovich Equations, in: D. Crisan (Ed.), Fundamentals of Stochastic Filtering, Springer, New York, NY, 2009: pp. 95–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision Support Systems.

Blog post
[1]
K. Evans, Watch What Happens When You Shoot An “Unbreakable” Prince Rupert’s Drop With A Bullet, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/physics/watch-what-happens-when-you-shoot-an-unbreakable-prince-ruperts-drop-with-a-bullet/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Progress Made in Enrolling Workers and Activating Credentials but Evaluation Plan Needed to Help Inform the Implementation of Card Readers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M.L. Hogue, A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Asia: Agreement On Last Leg Of Border, New York Times. (2005) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision Support Systems
AbbreviationDecis. Support Syst.
ISSN (print)0167-9236
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Management Information Systems
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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