How to format your references using the Leukemia Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis C. Genomics: compare and contrast. Nature 2003; 426: 750–751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solé R, Macía J. Synthetic biology: Biocircuits in synchrony. Nature 2014; 508: 326–327.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alford RA, Dixon PM, Pechmann JH. Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature 2001; 412: 499–500.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McLean DL, Fan J, Higashijima S-I, Hale ME, Fetcho JR. A topographic map of recruitment in spinal cord. Nature 2007; 446: 71–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gamenara D, Seoane GA, Saenz-Méndez P, de María PD. Redox Biocatalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Lee M, Hirose A, Hou Z-G, Kil RM (eds.). Neural Information Processing: 20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings, Part III. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Nachtigall W, Wisser A. STYLING AND DESIGN. In: Wisser A (ed). Bionics by Examples: 250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015, pp 87–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Supplements.

Blog post
Fang J. Earliest Evidence of Parental Care Found in Beetle Fossils. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Problems in the Stafford Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Agbi ES. Shadow economy and the related issues of tax evasion: A comparative analysis among Canadian workers. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Reyes Raises His Game, and His Team’s Spirits. New York Times. 2016; : D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Supplements
AbbreviationLeuk. Suppl.
ISSN (print)2044-5210
ISSN (online)2044-5229

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