How to format your references using the Leukemia Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottfried K. Matter all in the mind. Nature 2002; 419: 117.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalinin SV, Spaldin NA. Materials science. Functional ion defects in transition metal oxides. Science 2013; 341: 858–859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Helmstaedter M, Denk W. Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature 2011; 471: 183–188.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Uesugi E, Goto H, Eguchi R, Fujiwara A, Kubozono Y. Electric double-layer capacitance between an ionic liquid and few-layer graphene. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 1595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billington DP. Der Turm und die Brücke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH: D-69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
van Latesteijn H, Andeweg K (eds.). The TransForum Model: Transforming Agro Innovation Toward Sustainable Development. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Peikert C. Some Recent Progress in Lattice-Based Cryptography. In: Reingold O (ed). Theory of Cryptography: 6th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, March 15-17, 2009. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009, pp 72–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. What It’s Like To Be A Woman Working In Science, And How To Make It Better. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin RL. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Custom Cleats for the Polished Player. New York Times. 2016; : D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Supplements
AbbreviationLeuk. Suppl.
ISSN (print)2044-5210
ISSN (online)2044-5229

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