How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Morsink S. ASTROPHYSICS: Signs of Extreme Gravity. Science 2000;290(5493):945–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mukhopadhyay D, Riezman H. Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science 2007;315(5809):201–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu B, Chen J, Singer RH. Background free imaging of single mRNAs in live cells using split fluorescent proteins. Sci Rep 2014;4:3615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Im K-S, Cheong S-K, Powell CF, Lai M-CD, Wang J. Unraveling the geometry dependence of in-nozzle cavitation in high-pressure injectors. Sci Rep 2013;3:2067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
De Spiegeleer J, Schoutens W, Van Hulle C. The Handbook of Hybrid Securities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Håkanson L. Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea: Present Situation, Nutrient Transport Processes, Remedial Strategies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
de Hoop H, Narasimhan B. Ergative Case-marking in Hindi. In: Hoop H de, Swart P de, editors. Differential Subject Marking. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. page 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Global Surge In Renewables As Record Amount Is Invested In Clean Energy Sources [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/global-surge-renewables-record-amount-invested-clean-energy-sources/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Efforts to Assist the Homeless in Seattle. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bobadilla J. Helping at-risk youth through a preventative program. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hollander S. BackTalk; Uncertainty and Stress Cross the Finish Line. New York Times2002;811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0255-0857
ISSN (online)1998-3646
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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