How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bender E. Big data in biomedicine. Nature 2015;527(7576):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bartek J, Lukas J. Cell biology. Balancing life-or-death decisions. Science 2006;314(5797):261–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nishida H, Pigg KB, Rigby JF. Palaeobotany: Swimming sperm in an extinct Gondwanan plant. Nature 2003;422(6930):396–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jomelli V, Khodri M, Favier V, Brunstein D, Ledru M-P, Wagnon P, et al. Irregular tropical glacier retreat over the Holocene epoch driven by progressive warming. Nature 2011;474(7350):196–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stull C, Myers P, Scott DM. Tuned In. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Filipe J, Obaidat MS, editors. e-Business and Telecommunications: International Conference, ICETE 2008, Porto, Portugal, July 26-29, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Iyer KM. Osteoarthritis. In: Iyer KM, editor. General Principles of Orthopedics and Trauma. London: Springer; 2013. page 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astronaut Photographs Explosions Over Israel And Gaza From Space. IFLScience2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hong PK. Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Robles F, Horowitz J, Dewan S. Flying the Flags of White Power. New York Times2015;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0255-0857
ISSN (online)1998-3646
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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