How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Collins SL. Ecology. Biodiversity under global change. Science 2009;326(5958):1353–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Calka A, Wexler D. Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge. Nature 2002;419(6903):147–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Burtally N, King PJ, Swift MR. Spontaneous air-driven separation in vertically vibrated fine granular mixtures. Science 2002;295(5561):1877–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Högbom M, Stenmark P, Voevodskaya N, McClarty G, Gräslund A, Nordlund P. The radical site in chlamydial ribonucleotide reductase defines a new R2 subclass. Science 2004;305(5681):245–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schorn C, Taylor B. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Valsiner J, Molenaar PCM, Lyra MCDP, Chaudhary N, editors. Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Antonenko PD, van Gog T, Paas F. Implications of Neuroimaging for Educational Research. In: Spector JM, Merrill MD, Elen J, Bishop MJ, editors. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. page 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. PG-13 Films More Violent Than R-Rated Movies [Internet]. IFLScience2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/pg13-films-more-violent-than-rrated-movies/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Restricting Airline Ticketing Rules Unlikely to Help Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Watson CA. A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Russian Publisher Adds Its Own Slant, Writers Say. New York Times2015;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0255-0857
ISSN (online)1998-3646
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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