How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D., 2001. Farmer fined for growing GM seed. Nature 410, 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, R.A., Wikswo, J.P., 2011. Cardiovascular disease: several small shocks beat one big one. Nature 475, 181–182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tschöp, M., Smiley, D.L., Heiman, M.L., 2000. Ghrelin induces adiposity in rodents. Nature 407, 908–913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J., Ning, Y., Hedley, W., Saunders, B., Chen, Y., Tindill, N., Hannay, T., Subramaniam, S., 2002. The Molecule Pages database. Nature 420, 716–717.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein, A.P., 2004. The Psychology of Group Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hildebrandt, M., Gutwirth, S. (Eds.), 2008. Profiling the European Citizen: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Fong, L.-W., Lou, P.-C., Lin, K.-Y., Chuang, C.-L., 2013. Applying General Probabilistic Neural Network to Adaptive Measurement Fusion, in: Juang, J., Huang, Y.-C. (Eds.), Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Pedals The Bipedal Bear Is Believed To Have Been Shot Dead [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Aviation Security: Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System Faces Significant Implementation Challenges (No. GAO-04-385). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin, Y., 2017. A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2009. The Bus-Stop Guessing Game. New York Times CY5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gray and Wikswo, 2011; Spurgeon, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Wikswo, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Systems
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Syst.
ISSN (print)0924-7963
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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