How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeliger, J.C., 2012. Scientists must be taught to manage. Nature 483, 511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramesh, R., Schlom, D.G., 2002. Materials science. Orienting ferroelectric films. Science 296, 1975–1976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden, H.L., McDonagh, E.L., King, B.A., 2003. Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science 300, 2086–2088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McKay, D., White, M., Pasienski, M., DeMarco, B., 2008. Phase-slip-induced dissipation in an atomic Bose-Hubbard system. Nature 453, 76–79.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smaini, L., 2012. RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Roco, M.C., 2011. Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020: Retrospective and Outlook, Science Policy Reports. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Monroy-Ata, A., Peña-Becerril, J.C., García-Díaz, M., 2016. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Organization of Dominant Tree Prosopis laevigata (Mesquite) in a Xeric Shrub of Central Mexico, in: Pagano, M.C. (Ed.), Recent Advances on Mycorrhizal Fungi, Fungal Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Systems.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Commonly Used Pesticide Is Acting As An Inadvertent Contraceptive For Bees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children (No. 088675). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, A.N., 2017. A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2009. Even Among Venerable Texts, A Torah Like No Other. New York Times CY5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeliger, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ramesh and Schlom, 2002; Seeliger, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramesh and Schlom, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (McKay et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Systems
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Syst.
ISSN (print)0924-7963
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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