How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szalavitz, M., 2015. Genetics: No more addictive personality. Nature 522, S48-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Podgornaia, A.I., Laub, M.T., 2015. Protein evolution. Pervasive degeneracy and epistasis in a protein-protein interface. Science 347, 673–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chesler, P.M., Liu, H., Adams, A., 2013. Holographic vortex liquids and superfluid turbulence. Science 341, 368–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Noad, M.J., Cato, D.H., Bryden, M.M., Jenner, M.N., Jenner, K.C., 2000. Cultural revolution in whale songs. Nature 408, 537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdul-Rahman, Y., 2014. The Art of RF (Riba-Free) Islamic Banking and Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hou, M.Z., Xie, H., Were, P. (Eds.), 2013. Clean Energy Systems in the Subsurface: Production, Storage and Conversion: Proceedings of the 3rd Sino-German Conference “Underground Storage of CO2 and Energy”, Goslar, Germany, 21-23 May 2013, Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mirza, I.A., Khalil, M.S., Amer, M., Daim, T.U., 2015. Assessment of Wind Potential in Kalar Kahar Region by Comparing On-Site Data with NREL Wind Resource Map of Pakistan, in: Daim, T.U., Kim, J., Iskin, I., Abu Taha, R., van Blommestein, K.C. (Eds.), Policies and Programs for Sustainable Energy Innovations: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. New Study Finds Common Link Across Autism Spectrum Disorders [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies (No. B-163074). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul, W., 2012. Foreign-educated nurses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2011. Drafthouse Founder Tries Hand at Film Distribution. New York Times A37B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Szalavitz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Podgornaia and Laub, 2015; Szalavitz, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Podgornaia and Laub, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Noad et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Systems
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Syst.
ISSN (print)0924-7963
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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