How to format your references using the Cerebral Cortex citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cerebral Cortex. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colliex C. 2012. Materials science. Watching solution growth of nanoparticles in graphene cells. Science. 336:44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furusawa C, Kaneko K. 2012. A dynamical-systems view of stem cell biology. Science. 338:215–217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhulst EC, Beukeboom LW, van de Zande L. 2010. Maternal control of haplodiploid sex determination in the wasp Nasonia. Science. 328:620–623.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sarbassov DD, Guertin DA, Ali SM, Sabatini DM. 2005. Phosphorylation and regulation of Akt/PKB by the rictor-mTOR complex. Science. 307:1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. 2014. Trayed and Packed Columns. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Elmoataz A, Mammass D, Lezoray O, Nouboud F, Aboutajdine D (Eds.). 2012. Image and Signal Processing: 5th International Conference, ICISP 2012, Agadir, Morocco, June 28-30, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eyerer P, Gettwert V, Kauffman A, Kroh M. 2010. Processing (Primary Forming) of Plastics into Structural Components. In: Eyerer P, editor. Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p. 167–286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cerebral Cortex.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Crystal Meth In Adelaide’s Sewage Has Doubled In Four Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Special Education: More Flexible Spending Requirement Could Mitigate Unintended Consequences While Protecting Services ( No. GAO-16-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chambers S. 2008. Telecommunications megamergers: Impact on employee morale and turnover intention (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. Namath Has His Own Memories of ’65. New York Times. B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colliex 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Colliex 2012; Furusawa and Kaneko 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furusawa and Kaneko 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sarbassov et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCerebral Cortex
AbbreviationCereb. Cortex
ISSN (print)1047-3211
ISSN (online)1460-2199
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience

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