How to format your references using the Cerebral Cortex citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cerebral Cortex. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Duve C. 2010. The joy of discovery. Nature. 467:S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clubb R, Mason G. 2003. Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores. Nature. 425:473–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronberg N, Natcheva R, Hedlund K. 2006. Microarthropods mediate sperm transfer in mosses. Science. 313:1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brown P, Sutikna T, Morwood MJ, Soejono RP, Jatmiko, Saptomo EW, Due RA. 2004. A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature. 431:1055–1061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh N. 2014. Forensic Photography. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Strycker LD (Ed.). 2014. ECUMICT 2014: Proceedings of the European Conference on the Use of Modern Information and Communication Technologies, Gent, March 2014, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Croker A, Croker J, Grotowski M. 2014. Changing Directions in Healthcare. In: Higgs J,, Croker A,, Tasker D,, Hummell J,, Patton N, editors. Health Practice Relationships. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. p. 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cerebral Cortex.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. 3D Printer Makes Prosthetic Foot For Duck [WWW Document]. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes ( No. AIMD-99-72R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill KD. 2012. Nonparametric alternative to Poly-k test in animal tumorigenicity studies (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2004. Sailing On. New York Times. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Duve 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Clubb and Mason 2003; de Duve 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clubb and Mason 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCerebral Cortex
AbbreviationCereb. Cortex
ISSN (print)1047-3211
ISSN (online)1460-2199
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience

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