How to format your references using the BBA - Bioenergetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Bioenergetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
T.D. Schneider, The bottle, Nature. 406 (2000) 351.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
P. Narbonne, R. Roy, Caenorhabditis elegans dauers need LKB1/AMPK to ration lipid reserves and ensure long-term survival, Nature. 457 (2009) 210–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Z.-R. Zhao, W. Li, H. Long, Readministration of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor in non-small cell lung cancer patients after initial failure, what affects its efficacy?, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5996.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Y. Tian, A. Stroppa, Y. Chai, L. Yan, S. Wang, P. Barone, S. Picozzi, Y. Sun, Cross coupling between electric and magnetic orders in a multiferroic metal-organic framework, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Q. Bai, Y. Bai, W. Ruan, Advances in Pipes and Pipelines, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
[1]
R. Nakatsu, N. Tosa, F. Naghdy, K.W. Wong, P. Codognet, eds., Cultural Computing: Second IFIP TC 14 Entertainment Computing Symposium, ECS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
B. Brejová, A. Gafurov, D. Pardubská, M. Sabo, T. Vinař, Isometric Gene Tree Reconciliation Revisited, in: M. Frith, C.N. Storm Pedersen (Eds.), Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 16th International Workshop, WABI 2016, Aarhus, Denmark, August 22-24, 2016. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Bioenergetics.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Island Lizards Digest More Efficiently Than Their Mainland Counterparts, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-island-lizards-have-different-stomachs-their-mainland-counterparts/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, DOD Schools: Funding and Operating Alternatives for Education of Dependents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M.C. Manley Lima, Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgeman, New York Times. (2017) MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Bioenergetics
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Bioenerg.
ISSN (print)0005-2728
ScopeBiochemistry
Biophysics
Cell Biology

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