How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, S. (2004). Of towers, walls, and fields: perspectives on language in science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1333–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan, M. J. T., & Kable, S. H. (2012). Chemistry. Roaming reaction pathways along excited states. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6072), 1054–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O. R., Reuman, D. C., & Ewers, R. M. (2012). Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 228–232.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schratt, G. M., Tuebing, F., Nigh, E. A., Kane, C. G., Sabatini, M. E., Kiebler, M., & Greenberg, M. E. (2006). A brain-specific microRNA regulates dendritic spine development. Nature, 439(7074), 283–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, T. (2015). Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Houdebine, L.-M., & Fan, J. (Eds.). (2009). Rabbit Biotechnology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Scesi, L., & Gattinoni, P. (2010). Main Flow Direction in Rock Masses. In P. Gattinoni (Ed.), Water Circulation in Rocks (pp. 73–85). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, April 25). Volcanic Activity Has Freed The World From Multiple Frozen “Icehouse” States. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Contracting Out: NASA Not Complying With OMB Circular A-76 (No. NSIAD-86-15). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden, A. (2012). Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L. (2014, March 31). Push to Rid City of Classrooms That Are Anything but Temporary. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jordan & Kable, 2012; Montgomery, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jordan & Kable, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Wearn, Reuman, & Ewers, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schratt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0039-3681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
History and Philosophy of Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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