How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehmann, J. (2007). A handful of carbon. Nature, 447(7141), 143–144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clutton-Brock, T., & Sheldon, B. C. (2010). Ecology. The Seven Ages of Pan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1207–1208.
A journal article with 3 authors
McPhaden, M. J., Zebiak, S. E., & Glantz, M. H. (2006). ENSO as an integrating concept in earth science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5806), 1740–1745.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Slomski, B., Landolt, G., Bihlmayer, G., Osterwalder, J., & Dil, J. H. (2013). Tuning of the Rashba effect in Pb quantum well states via a variable Schottky barrier. Scientific Reports, 3, 1963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R. (2014). Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grünig, R. (2013). Successful Decision-Making: A Systematic Approach to Complex Problems (R. Kühn, Ed.; 3rd ed. 2013). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rotilio, M., De Berardinis, P., & Cucchiella, F. (2015). Renewable Energy Sources in Minor Historical Centers. New Scenarios of Sustainable Development of the Territory. In F. Cucchiella & L. Koh (Eds.), Sustainable Future Energy Technology and Supply Chains: A Multi-perspective Analysis (pp. 75–106). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 8). Sticker-Sized Satellites Will Soon Get To Orbit. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Job Corps: Participant Selection and Performance Measurement Need to Be Improved (T-HEHS-98-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wiggins, B. B. (2017). Using Induced Signals to Develop a Position-Sensitive Microchannel Plate Detector [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, January 14). A Dominating Display at 14. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lehmann, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Clutton-Brock & Sheldon, 2010; Lehmann, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clutton-Brock & Sheldon, 2010)
  • Three authors: (McPhaden et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Slomski et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0039-3681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
History and Philosophy of Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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