How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2013). Halt the avalanche of performance metrics. Nature, 500(7462), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hughes, R., & Nordholt, J. (2011). Physics. Refining quantum cryptography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1584–1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuch, B. B., Li, H., & Johnson, A. D. (2008). Evolution of eukaryotic transcription circuits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1797–1799.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hasselmann, M., Gempe, T., Schiøtt, M., Nunes-Silva, C. G., Otte, M., & Beye, M. (2008). Evidence for the evolutionary nascence of a novel sex determination pathway in honeybees. Nature, 454(7203), 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta, D. L., & Liepa, V. V. (2005). Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Demengel, F. (2012). Functional Spaces for the Theory of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations (G. Demengel, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahn, R. R. (2008). Preventing Conflicts by Application of Psychology. In F. Felding (Ed.), Conflict Prevention in Project Management: Strategies, Methods, Checklists, and Case Studies (pp. 41–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 3). Climate Change Is Causing Chilean Mummies To Melt Into Black Sludge. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Performance and Accountability: Transportation Challenges Facing Congress and the Department of Transportation (GAO-07-545T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada, H. (2008). Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, September 25). Unilever to Buy South Korean Skin Care Specialist. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes & Nordholt, 2011; Macilwain, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hughes & Nordholt, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Tuch et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hasselmann et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0039-3681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
History and Philosophy of Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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