How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Park, R. W. (2014). Anthropology. Stories of Arctic colonization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1004–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schraidt, O., & Marlovits, T. C. (2011). Three-dimensional model of Salmonella’s needle complex at subnanometer resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6021), 1192–1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worobey, M., Han, G.-Z., & Rambaut, A. (2014). A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus. Nature, 508(7495), 254–257.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bonhoeffer, S., Chappey, C., Parkin, N. T., Whitcomb, J. M., & Petropoulos, C. J. (2004). Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1547–1550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kesidis, G. (2007). An Introduction to Communication Network Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yokomizo, T., & Murakami, M. (Eds.). (2015). Bioactive Lipid Mediators: Current Reviews and Protocols (1st ed. 2015). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Quintero, R., Torres, M., Moreno, M., & Guzmán, G. (2009). Towards a Semantic Representation of Raster Spatial Data. In K. Janowicz, M. Raubal, & S. Levashkin (Eds.), GeoSpatial Semantics: Third International Conference, GeoS 2009, Mexico City, Mexico, December 3-4, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 63–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 11). Hope: The First Arab Space Probe Planned To Go To Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). FBI: Advanced Communications Technologies Pose Wiretapping Challenges (IMTEC-92-68BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, A. N. (2017). Connecting the Community: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson, C., & Blinder, A. (2016, August 16). Grim View Emerges as Louisiana Flood Recedes. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Park, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Park, 2014; Schraidt & Marlovits, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schraidt & Marlovits, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Worobey et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bonhoeffer et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0039-3681
ScopeGeneral Medicine
History and Philosophy of Science
General Physics and Astronomy

Other styles