How to format your references using the Cytogenetic and Genome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytogenetic and Genome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheianov VV. Physics. When infinity does not count. Science. 2009 Jan;323(5911):213–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman H, Davalos LM. The nature and dynamics of bacterial genomes. Science. 2006 Mar;311(5768):1730–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gélinas Y, Baldock JA, Hedges JI. Organic carbon composition of marine sediments: effect of oxygen exposure on oil generation potential. Science. 2001 Oct;294(5540):145–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Geuking MB, Weber J, Dewannieux M, Gorelik E, Heidmann T, Hengartner H, et al. Recombination of retrotransposon and exogenous RNA virus results in nonretroviral cDNA integration. Science. 2009 Jan;323(5912):393–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gatarek D, Bachert P, Maksymiuk R. The LIBOR Market Model in Practice. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
Fong Y, Giulianotti PC, Lewis J, Groot Koerkamp B, Reiner T, editors. Imaging and Visualization in The Modern Operating Room: A Comprehensive Guide for Physicians. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Grill D, Pfanz H, Lomsky B, Bytnerowicz A, Grulke NE, Tausz M. Physiological responses of trees to air pollutants at high elevation sites. In: Omasa K, Nouchi I, Kok LJD, editors. Plant Responses to Air Pollution and Global Change. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2005; pp 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytogenetic and Genome Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Smartphone Use Is Changing The Way Thumbs and Brains Communicate [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Dec [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reports Issued in July 1989. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuqi K. A matrix-Based Method for Optimizing the User Interface Design of Electronic Medical Record Systems. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Moscow Talking of Arson As Fire Toll Climbs to 36. New York Times. 2003 Nov;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytogenetic and Genome Research
AbbreviationCytogenet. Genome Res.
ISSN (print)1424-8581
ISSN (online)1424-859X
Molecular Biology

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