How to format your references using the Cytogenetic and Genome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytogenetic and Genome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson JM. Materials science. Solving amorphous structures--two pairs beat one. Science. 2012 Feb;335(6071):929–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kodama R, Fast-Ignitor Consortium. Fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition. Nature. 2002 Aug;418(6901):933–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakurai H, Daiko T, Hirao T. A synthesis of sumanene, a fullerene fragment. Science. 2003 Sep;301(5641):1878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yokoya T, Nakamura T, Matsushita T, Muro T, Takano Y, Nagao M, et al. Origin of the metallic properties of heavily boron-doped superconducting diamond. Nature. 2005 Dec;438(7068):647–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Im S. Photo-Excited Charge Collection Spectroscopy: Probing the traps in field-effect transistors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasath RA, Poyyamoli G, Boruah D, Nandhivarman M, Edwin GA. The Role of Higher Educational Institutions and Other Training Organizations to Promote Renewable Energy in India. In: Leal Filho W, Muthu N, Edwin G, Sima M, editors. Implementing Campus Greening Initiatives: Approaches, Methods and Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytogenetic and Genome Research.

Blog post
Hale T. This Desert Lizard Uses Its Skin To Drink Water From Sand [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Profiles of School Condition by State. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz MH. Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti M. New Law Shifts Fight on Claims for 9/11 Victims. New York Times. 2016 Sep;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytogenetic and Genome Research
AbbreviationCytogenet. Genome Res.
ISSN (print)1424-8581
ISSN (online)1424-859X
Molecular Biology

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