How to format your references using the Cytogenetic and Genome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytogenetic and Genome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D: Referendum stalls Japanese nuclear power strategy. Nature 2001;411:729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buckley SA, Evershed RP: Organic chemistry of embalming agents in Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman mummies. Nature 2001;413:837–841.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch D, Keil P, Jetz W: Universal species-area and endemics-area relationships at continental scales. Nature 2012;488:78–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keeling MJ, Woolhouse MEJ, May RM, Davies G, Grenfell BT: Modelling vaccination strategies against foot-and-mouth disease. Nature 2003;421:136–142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer MD: Transportation Planning Handbook. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Law P-L (ed): New Connectivities in China: Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Barton K, Hitchings RA: Medical Management of Glaucoma; in Hitchings RA, Budenz DL (eds): Medical Management of Glaucoma. Tarporley, Springer Healthcare Ltd., 2013, pp 71–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytogenetic and Genome Research.

Blog post
Andrew E: NASA Study Finds There Was No “Pause” In Climate Change. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Increased Use Of Computer-Output-Microfilm By Federal Agencies Could Result In Savings. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamoun TJ: A paleopathological survey of ancient Peruvian crania housed at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts: A special emphasis on scurvy 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017;MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytogenetic and Genome Research
AbbreviationCytogenet. Genome Res.
ISSN (print)1424-8581
ISSN (online)1424-859X
Molecular Biology

Other styles