How to format your references using the Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, B. G. (2004). Biochemistry. Mimicking posttranslational modifications of proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 480–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Y., & Hayes, J. D. (2013). The membrane-topogenic vectorial behaviour of Nrf1 controls its post-translational modification and transactivation activity. Scientific Reports, 3, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esper, J., Cook, E. R., & Schweingruber, F. H. (2002). Low-frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5563), 2250–2253.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qingjiang, L., Khiat, A., Salaoru, I., Papavassiliou, C., Hui, X., & Prodromakis, T. (2014). Memory impedance in TiO2 based metal-insulator-metal devices. Scientific Reports, 4, 4522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. (2016). Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, N.-T., & Le-Thi, H. A. (Eds.). (2014). Transactions on Computational Intelligence XIII (Vol. 8342). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ilg, P., & Odenbach, S. (2009). Ferrofluid Structure and Rheology. In S. Odenbach (Ed.), Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids (pp. 1–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 1). “Remarkable” Results Show Ebola Vaccine Trial Provides 100% Protection. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Federal-Aid Highways: Federal Highway Administration Could Further Mitigate Locally Administered Project Risks (GAO-14-113). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber, T. R. (2010). Tailored charged particle beams from single-component plasmas [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001, November 2). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechnya Death Toll. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2004; Zhang & Hayes, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Hayes, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Esper et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Qingjiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
AbbreviationInnov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)1466-8564
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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