How to format your references using the Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wiseman, H. (2015). Quantum physics: Death by experiment for local realism. Nature, 526(7575), 649–650.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toader, O., & John, S. (2001). Proposed square spiral microfabrication architecture for large three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5519), 1133–1135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca, A., Wongsriratanakul, J., & Rajca, S. (2001). Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1503–1505.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gilchrist, M., Thorsson, V., Li, B., Rust, A. G., Korb, M., Roach, J. C., Kennedy, K., Hai, T., Bolouri, H., & Aderem, A. (2006). Systems biology approaches identify ATF3 as a negative regulator of Toll-like receptor 4. Nature, 441(7090), 173–178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mascia, L. (2011). Polymers in Industry from A-Z. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shingareva, I. (2007). Maple and Mathematica: A Problem Solving Approach for Mathematics (C. Lizàrraga-Celaya, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carpenter, J. E., Bloem, S., & Marec, F. (2005). Inherited Sterility in Insects. In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, & A. S. Robinson (Eds.), Sterile Insect Technique: Principles and Practice in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management (pp. 115–146). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 17). Penguins Can Only Taste Salty And Sour. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment (AFMD-92-60ML). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wester, A. M. (2013). Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, August 25). Bruce Limps Off, and the Mets Crumble. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wiseman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Toader & John, 2001; Wiseman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toader & John, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Rajca et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gilchrist et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
AbbreviationInnov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)1466-8564
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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