How to format your references using the Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruoff, R. (2012). Perspective: A means to an end. Nature, 483(7389), S42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackinnon, M. J., & Marsh, K. (2010). The selection landscape of malaria parasites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 866–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalasani, R., Gupta, A., & Vasudevan, S. (2013). Engineering new layered solids from exfoliated inorganics: a periodically alternating hydrotalcite-montmorillonite layered hybrid. Scientific Reports, 3, 3498.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, J., Rao, S., Chu, J., Shen, X., Levasseur, D. N., Theunissen, T. W., & Orkin, S. H. (2006). A protein interaction network for pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Nature, 444(7117), 364–368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taroni, F., Biedermann, A., Bozza, S., Garbolino, P., & Aitken, C. (2014). Bayesian Networks for Probabilistic Inference and Decision Analysis in Forensic Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
César, E., Alexander, M., Streit, A., Träff, J. L., Cérin, C., Knüpfer, A., Kranzlmüller, D., & Jha, S. (Eds.). (2009). Euro-Par 2008 Workshops - Parallel Processing: VHPC 2008, UNICORE 2008, HPPC 2008, SGS 2008, PROPER 2008, ROIA 2008, and DPA 2008, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, August 25-26, 2008, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5415). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, L.-J., Tang, J., & Chai, T.-Y. (2012). Modeling Spectral Data Based on Mutual Information and Kernel Extreme Learning Machines. In J. Wang, G. G. Yen, & M. M. Polycarpou (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2012: 9th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Shenyang, China, July 11-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 29–36). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 10). Introducing Graphene’s Younger Cousin: Stanene. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Need for Additional Internal Audit Coverage in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (FGMSD-78-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh, H.-C. (2010). Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, September 6). Sciencetake; Hungry Bumble Bees Buzz for Their Suppers. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruoff, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Mackinnon & Marsh, 2010; Ruoff, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackinnon & Marsh, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Chalasani et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
AbbreviationInnov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)1466-8564
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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