How to format your references using the International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mac Low, M.-M. (2013). From gas to stars over cosmic time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6140), 1229229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sablowski, R., & Harberd, N. P. (2005). Plant sciences. Plant genes on steroids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1569–1570.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogel, E. K., McCollough, A. W., & Machizawa, M. G. (2005). Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory. Nature, 438(7067), 500–503.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rebouissou, S., Amessou, M., Couchy, G., Poussin, K., Imbeaud, S., Pilati, C., et al. (2009). Frequent in-frame somatic deletions activate gp130 in inflammatory hepatocellular tumours. Nature, 457(7226), 200–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Y., Wen, F., & Xiao, M. (2013). Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Valk, P. E., Delbeke, D., Bailey, D. L., Townsend, D. W., & Maisey, M. N. (Eds.). (2006). Positron Emission Tomography: Clinical Practice. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franke, T., Hoppe, R. H. W., Linsenmann, C., & Wixforth, A. (2012). Projection Based Model Reduction for Optimal Design of the Time-dependent Stokes System. In G. Leugering, S. Engell, A. Griewank, M. Hinze, R. Rannacher, V. Schulz, et al. (Eds.), Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations (pp. 75–98). Basel: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 5). Scientists Reconstruct Most Detailed Life History Of Any Dinosaur Known So Far. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Precollege Math and Science Education: Department of Energy’s Precollege Program Managed Ineffectively (No. HEHS-94-208). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N. M. (2009). Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, November 4). Off Without a Hitch. New York Times, p. F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mac Low 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mac Low 2013; Sablowski and Harberd 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sablowski and Harberd 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Rebouissou et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
AbbreviationInt. J. Sci. Math. Educ.
ISSN (print)1571-0068
ISSN (online)1573-1774
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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