How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, S. (2014). Zn2+ blocks annealing of complementary single-stranded DNA in a sequence-selective manner. Scientific Reports, 4, 5464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mezbahul-Islam, M., & Medraj, M. (2013). Phase equilibrium in Mg-Cu-Y. Scientific Reports, 3, 3033.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Mittler, J. E., & Samudrala, R. (2006). Comment on “Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 848; author reply 848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lourens, L. J., Sluijs, A., Kroon, D., Zachos, J. C., Thomas, E., Röhl, U., Bowles, J., & Raffi, I. (2005). Astronomical pacing of late Palaeocene to early Eocene global warming events. Nature, 435(7045), 1083–1087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggleston, B. (2008). The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition. Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Bratteli, O., Neshveyev, S., & Skau, C. (Eds.). (2006). Operator Algebras: The Abel Symposium 2004 (Vol. 1). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Z., Zhang, Y., & Han, G. (2016). Lanthanide-Doped Upconversion Nanoparticles for Imaging-Guided Drug Delivery and Therapy. In Z. Dai (Ed.), Advances in Nanotheranostics I: Design and Fabrication of Theranosic Nanoparticles (pp. 139–164). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 20). Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Leg Unveiled. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Aeronautics: Efforts to Preserve U.S. Leadership in the Aeronautics Industry Are Limited (T-NSIAD-92-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Komatsuzaki, T. (2012). Borrowing constraints and the business cycle in emerging markets [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 22). With a Final Shot, the Mets Are Denied as the Braves Snatch a Sweep. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lu, 2014; Mezbahul-Islam & Medraj, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mezbahul-Islam & Medraj, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lourens et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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