How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedin, L. O. (2015). Biogeochemistry: signs of saturation in the tropical carbon sink. Nature, 519(7543), 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter, J. D., & Sonenberg, N. (2005). Regulation of cap-dependent translation by eIF4E inhibitory proteins. Nature, 433(7025), 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hung, R.-J., Pak, C. W., & Terman, J. R. (2011). Direct redox regulation of F-actin assembly and disassembly by Mical. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1710–1713.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boiko, A. D., Razorenova, O. V., van de Rijn, M., Swetter, S. M., Johnson, D. L., Ly, D. P., Butler, P. D., Yang, G. P., Joshua, B., Kaplan, M. J., Longaker, M. T., & Weissman, I. L. (2010). Human melanoma-initiating cells express neural crest nerve growth factor receptor CD271. Nature, 466(7302), 133–137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch, I., Turpin, S., Johnston, B., MacLullich, A., & Losman, E. (2014). Geriatric Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marcus, A. (Ed.). (2013). Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience in Novel Technological Environments: Second International Conference, DUXU 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part III (Vol. 8014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahlert, D., & Schefer, B. (2013). The Risks of Admissible Price-Maintenance Systems for the Effectiveness of Inter-Brand Competition. In B. Schefer (Ed.), Vertical Price Coordination and Brand Care: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Prohibition of Resale Price Maintenance (pp. 33–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 29). How Dogs Could Make Children Better Readers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Vetting of Airport Workers (GAO-15-704T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kasun, K. K. (2010). Economic effectiveness of physician organizational models in a California integrated healthcare system [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wallace, N. (2016, September 26). The Minivan vs. the Maserati. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hedin, 2015; Richter & Sonenberg, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richter & Sonenberg, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Hung et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boiko et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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