How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, E. J. (2011). Antarctica: Turning the world upside down. Nature, 480(7375), 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillson, L., & Hoffman, M. T. (2007). Ecology. Rangeland ecology in a changing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5808), 53–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., Shen, L., & Zheng, D. (2014). Association between vitamin C intake and lung cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pagani, M., Zachos, J. C., Freeman, K. H., Tipple, B., & Bohaty, S. (2005). Marked decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations during the Paleogene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 600–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauldry, W. C. (2009). Introduction to Real Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yager, R. R., Kacprzyk, J., & Beliakov, G. (Eds.). (2011). Recent Developments in the Ordered Weighted Averaging Operators: Theory and Practice (Vol. 265). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddiqui, N., Töre, H. G., & Yaghmai, V. (2015). Post-locoregional Therapy Imaging of the Liver. In K. M. Elsayes (Ed.), Cross-Sectional Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis: A Practical Algorithmic Approach (pp. 97–109). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 17). New Horizons Returns Stunning Image Of Charon That Includes A “Mountain In A Moat.” Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Motor Vehicle Safety: Selected Rulemakings by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (No. RCED-89-11FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spezia, K. (2015). Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfers in Porous Media (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. (2016, May 9). An Unsettling Glimpse Into the Existential Abyss. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gillson & Hoffman, 2007; Larson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillson & Hoffman, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Luo, Shen, & Zheng, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pagani, Zachos, Freeman, Tipple, & Bohaty, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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