How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). PARTICLE PHYSICS: Elusive Particle Leaves Telltale Trace. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, H., & Lalanne, P. (2008). Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission. Nature, 452(7188), 728–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osi, A., Butler, R. J., & Weishampel, D. B. (2010). A Late Cretaceous ceratopsian dinosaur from Europe with Asian affinities. Nature, 465(7297), 466–468.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dupont-Nivet, G., Krijgsman, W., Langereis, C. G., Abels, H. A., Dai, S., & Fang, X. (2007). Tibetan plateau aridification linked to global cooling at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature, 445(7128), 635–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga, E. R. (2016). The Philosophy of Religion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kumar, U., Ahmadi, A., Verma, A. K., & Varde, P. (Eds.). (2016). Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety: An Industry Perspective (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Różewski, P., Zaikin, O., Kusztina, E., & Tadeusiewicz, R. (2011). The Motivation Model for the Intellectual Capital Increasing in the Knowledge-Base Organization. In R. Katarzyniak, T.-F. Chiu, C.-F. Hong, & N. T. Nguyen (Eds.), Semantic Methods for Knowledge Management and Communication (pp. 47–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 15). Scientists See How The Seven Sisters Spin. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Audit of the Expenditure of Funds by the District of Columbia Public Schools, FY 1970-1971 (B-118638). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde, M. C. (2014). Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, August 7). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Campaign Memo; Democrat’s Road Tour: Selling the Ticket Retail. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Lalanne, 2008; Seife, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Lalanne, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Osi et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dupont-Nivet et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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