How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotok, A. (2008). Science careers. Business financing for your research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salazar-Ciudad, I., & Jernvall, J. (2010). A computational model of teeth and the developmental origins of morphological variation. Nature, 464(7288), 583–586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tersoff, J., Jesson, D. E., & Tang, W. X. (2009). Running droplets of gallium from evaporation of gallium arsenide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 236–238.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chai, G., Dong, G., Qiu, J., Zhang, Q., & Yang, Z. (2013). Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals. Scientific Reports, 3, 1598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, A. K. M. E., Arashi, M., & Tabatabaey, S. M. M. (2014). Statistical Inference for Models with Multivariate t -Distributed Errors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rouff, C. A., Hinchey, M., Rash, J., Truszkowski, W., & Gordon-Spears, D. (Eds.). (2006). Agent Technology from a Formal Perspective. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stankiewicz, J. M., & Buckle, G. J. (2011). MS: Clinical Features, Symptom Management, and Diagnosis. In S. A. Rizvi & P. K. Coyle (Eds.), Clinical Neuroimmunology: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders (pp. 89–110). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 12). Dams In Sub-Saharan Africa Linked To An Increase In Malaria Rates. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Administrative Operations and Financial Transactions, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center (No. 092435). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer, C. D. (2013). School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., & Southall, A. (2016, October 19). De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’ New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotok, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kotok, 2008; Salazar-Ciudad & Jernvall, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salazar-Ciudad & Jernvall, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Tersoff et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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