How to format your references using the Curriculum Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Curriculum Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Samuelson, P. (2001). Anticircumvention rules: threat to science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2028–2031.
A journal article with 2 authors
King-Jones, K., & Thummel, C. S. (2005). Developmental biology. Less steroids make bigger flies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 630–631.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marangon, D. G., Vallone, G., & Villoresi, P. (2014). Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Scientific Reports, 4, 5490.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grevet, J. D., Lan, X., Hamagami, N., Edwards, C. R., Sankaranarayanan, L., Ji, X., Bhardwaj, S. K., Face, C. J., Posocco, D. F., Abdulmalik, O., Keller, C. A., Giardine, B., Sidoli, S., Garcia, B. A., Chou, S. T., Liebhaber, S. A., Hardison, R. C., Shi, J., & Blobel, G. A. (2018). Domain-focused CRISPR screen identifies HRI as a fetal hemoglobin regulator in human erythroid cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6399), 285–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rabe, J. L., & Martorana, R. J. (2014). Alts Democratized. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huffnagle, G. B., & Noverr, M. C. (Eds.). (2008). GI Microbiota and Regulation of the Immune System (Vol. 635). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, C. M., Darzi, A., & Athanasiou, T. (2011). Diagnostic Tests. In A. Darzi & T. Athanasiou (Eds.), Evidence Synthesis in Healthcare: A Practical Handbook for Clinicians (pp. 115–125). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Curriculum Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 16). Jellyfish Rearranges Its Arms to Recover From Amputation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Computer Security: Hackers Penetrate DOD Computer Systems (T-IMTEC-92-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, M. A. (2017). The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, April 26). Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Samuelson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (King-Jones & Thummel, 2005; Samuelson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King-Jones & Thummel, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Marangon et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Grevet et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurriculum Journal
AbbreviationCurric. J.
ISSN (print)0958-5176
ISSN (online)1469-3704

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