How to format your references using the Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De S. Journal club. A biologist looks at the effect of a dynamic nuclear environment on gene expression. Nature. 2009;460(7251):15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sansom RS, Wills MA. Fossilization causes organisms to appear erroneously primitive by distorting evolutionary trees. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serizawa T, Hamada K-I, Akashi M. Polymerization within a molecular-scale stereoregular template. Nature. 2004;429(6987):52-55.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pfeiffer F, David C, Burghammer M, Riekel C, Salditt T. Two-dimensional x-ray waveguides and point sources. Science. 2002;297(5579):230-234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie R, Street E. Architectural Design and Regulation. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Dan G-A, Bayés de Luna A, Camm J, eds. Atrial Fibrillation Therapy. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Moltó A, Orihuela J, Troyanski S, Valdivia M. Some Applications. In: Orihuela J, Troyanski S, Valdivia M, eds. A Nonlinear Transfer Technique for Renorming. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer; 2009:101-116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.

Blog post
Davis J. $460 Million Pledged to Vaccine Initiative To Help Tackle Emerging Infectious Diseases. IFLScience. Published January 19, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on NASA Budget Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1963.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffith A. The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T. More Time to Unwind, Unless You’re a Woman. New York Times. June 3, 2016:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
AbbreviationCurr. Pharm. Teach. Learn.
ISSN (print)1877-1297
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles