How to format your references using the Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregg C. Eppendorf winner. Parental control over the brain. Science. 2010;330(6005):770-771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay PR, Hellum AM. Modeling how shark and dolphin skin patterns control transitional wall-turbulence vorticity patterns using spatiotemporal phase reset mechanisms. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim VN, Kataoka N, Dreyfuss G. Role of the nonsense-mediated decay factor hUpf3 in the splicing-dependent exon-exon junction complex. Science. 2001;293(5536):1832-1836.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Katano S, Kim Y, Hori M, Trenary M, Kawai M. Reversible control of hydrogenation of a single molecule. Science. 2007;316(5833):1883-1886.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kappe CO, Stadler A, Dallinger D. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Muneesawang P, Wu F, Kumazawa I, Roeksabutr A, Liao M, Tang X, eds. Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings. Vol 5879. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Hentschel C, Sack H, Steinmetz N. Cross-Dataset Learning of Visual Concepts. In: Nürnberger A, Stober S, Larsen B, Detyniecki M, eds. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:87-101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.

Blog post
Davis J. Melting Sea Ice Causing Hungry Polar Bears To Switch From Seals To Goose Nesting Sites. IFLScience. Published May 16, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government Is Acquiring. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman DS. “Stroke Your Thoroughbreds and Kick Your Donkeys”: Power and the Secondary Administrative Distribution of Teaching Assignments. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Unilever to Buy South Korean Skin Care Specialist. New York Times. September 25, 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
AbbreviationCurr. Pharm. Teach. Learn.
ISSN (print)1877-1297
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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