How to format your references using the Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weeds A. Hugh Huxley (1924-2013). Nature. 2013;500(7464):530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scheuring S, Sturgis JN. Chromatic adaptation of photosynthetic membranes. Science. 2005;309(5733):484-487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus SL, Wells JA, Rhoades LJ. Repairing research integrity. Nature. 2008;453(7198):980-982.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rosenfeld D, Dai J, Yu X, et al. Inverse relations between amounts of air pollution and orographic precipitation. Science. 2007;315(5817):1396-1398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek CP. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Lesh R, Galbraith PL, Haines CR, Hurford A, eds. Modeling Students’ Mathematical Modeling Competencies: ICTMA 13. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts P. More Than A Metaphor. In: Roberts P, ed. From West to East and Back Again: An Educational Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Later Work. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012:41-54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Why Do Some Men Go Bald And Others Don’t? IFLScience. Published February 15, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Aid: Expanding Eligibility for Less Than Halftime Students Could Increase Program Costs, But Benefits Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wurster KW. Management matter? Effects of charcoal production management on woodland regeneration in Senegal. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster. New York Times. June 26, 2010:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
AbbreviationCurr. Pharm. Teach. Learn.
ISSN (print)1877-1297
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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