How to format your references using the Automated Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betsholtz, C.: Physiology: Double function at the blood-brain barrier. Nature. 509, 432–433 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickware, P., Smaglik, P.: Labs and companies seek their niches as work continues after the draft. Nature. 409, 961–963 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis, S.J., Harrison, T.M., Pidgeon, R.T.: Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature. 409, 178–181 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hill, M.T., Dorren, H.J.S., De Vries, T., Leijtens, X.J.M., Den Besten, J.H., Smalbrugge, B., Oei, Y.-S., Binsma, H., Khoe, G.-D., Smit, M.K.: A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers. Nature. 432, 206–209 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R.: Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Marriott, N.G.: Sanificazione nell’industria alimentare. Springer, Milano (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Moiseeva, O., Ferbeyre, G.: Oncogene-Induced Senescence: Role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction. In: Hayat, M.A. (ed.) Tumor Dormancy, Quiescence, and Senescence, Volume 2: Aging, Cancer, and Noncancer Pathologies. pp. 45–52. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Software Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Possible Link Between Red Meat Consumption And Increased Cancer Risk Identified,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, A.: Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J.: A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betsholtz 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Betsholtz 2014; Wickware and Smaglik 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickware and Smaglik 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hill et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Software Engineering
AbbreviationAutom. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)0928-8910
ISSN (online)1573-7535

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