How to format your references using the Automated Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S.: Insignificance. Nature. 429, 27 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gal-Yam, A., Leonard, D.C.: A massive hypergiant star as the progenitor of the supernova SN 2005gl. Nature. 458, 865–867 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheludev, I., Smith, R., Aste, T.: When can social media lead financial markets? Sci. Rep. 4, 4213 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shin, Y.-I., Schunck, C.H., Schirotzek, A., Ketterle, W.: Phase diagram of a two-component Fermi gas with resonant interactions. Nature. 451, 689–693 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin, V.: MRI Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2013)
An edited book
Prentiss, A., Kuijt, I., Chatters, J.C. eds: Macroevolution in Human Prehistory: Evolutionary Theory and Processual Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Teisseyre, R., Czechowski, Z.: Processes in Micro-Fracture Continuum. In: Rubeis, V. de, Czechowski, Z., and Teisseyre, R. (eds.) Synchronization and Triggering: from Fracture to Earthquake Processes: Laboratory, Field Analysis and Theories. pp. 51–61. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Software Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Cutting-Edge Technology Aiding Development Of Novel Synthetic Polio Vaccine,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Higher Education: School’s Use of the Antitrust Exemption Has Not Significantly Affected College Affordability or Likelihood of Student Enrollment to Date. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell, M.: From fine art to fashion: Man Ray’s ambivalent avant-garde, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., Smale, A.: Rise of Centrist In French Voting Calms E.U. Nerves, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll 2004; Gal-Yam and Leonard 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gal-Yam and Leonard 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Software Engineering
AbbreviationAutom. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)0928-8910
ISSN (online)1573-7535

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