How to format your references using the Automated Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C.: EVOLUTION: Parasites Make Scaredy-Rats Foolhardy. Science. 289, 525b–7b (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kippenberg, T.J., Vahala, K.J.: Cavity optomechanics: back-action at the mesoscale. Science. 321, 1172–1176 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A.K., Anderson, D.M., Overpeck, J.T.: Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 421, 354–357 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walker, D.W., McColl, G., Jenkins, N.L., Harris, J., Lithgow, G.J.: Evolution of lifespan in C. elegans. Nature. 405, 296–297 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gupta, S.K.: Modern Hydrology and Sustainable Water Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2010)
An edited book
Doyle, B., Miller, K., Wittek, A., Nielsen, P.M.F. eds: Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: New Approaches and New Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Delamere, P.A., Bagenal, F., Paranicas, C., Masters, A., Radioti, A., Bonfond, B., Ray, L., Jia, X., Nichols, J., Arridge, C.: Solar Wind and Internally Driven Dynamics: Influences on Magnetodiscs and Auroral Responses. In: Szego, K., Achilleos, N., Arridge, C., Badman, S., Delamere, P., Grodent, D., Galland Kivelson, M., and Louarn, P. (eds.) The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets. pp. 51–97. Springer, New York, NY (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Software Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Sea Lion Plays With Little Girl - But Watch What Happens When She Falls Down,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Better Coordination and Enhanced Accountability Needed to Improve Spectrum Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes-Kelly, M.D.: Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S.: Something Was Wrong, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kippenberg and Vahala 2008; Zimmer 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kippenberg and Vahala 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Walker et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Software Engineering
AbbreviationAutom. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)0928-8910
ISSN (online)1573-7535

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