How to format your references using the Automated Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E.: Alternative therapies leave US commission divided. Nature. 416, 355 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Aebersold, R., Mann, M.: Mass spectrometry-based proteomics. Nature. 422, 198–207 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, C.E., Llorente, B., Symington, L.S.: Template switching during break-induced replication. Nature. 447, 102–105 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Devarapalli, R.R., Debgupta, J., Pillai, V.K., Shelke, M.V.: C@SiNW/TiO2 core-shell nanoarrays with sandwiched carbon passivation layer as high efficiency photoelectrode for water splitting. Sci. Rep. 4, 4897 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsui, J.B.-Y.: Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2004)
An edited book
Weihed, P. ed: 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Lavagnino, Z., Zanacchi, F.C., Diaspro, A.: Role of Scattering and Nonlinear Effects in the Illumination and the Photobleaching Distribution Profiles. In: Diaspro, A. (ed.) Optical Fluorescence Microscopy: From the Spectral to the Nano Dimension. pp. 75–84. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Software Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Scientists Have Found A Way To Photograph People In 3D Through Walls Using Wi-Fi,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, H.: Outcomes of China Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program, 2003–2010, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., Sisario, B.: Hit Shows on Two Continents Confront One Villain: Scalpers, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Aebersold and Mann 2003; Check 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aebersold and Mann 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Devarapalli et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Software Engineering
AbbreviationAutom. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)0928-8910
ISSN (online)1573-7535

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