How to format your references using the Automated Software Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automated Software Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L.: Protein purification: protein purification for structural proteomics. Nature. 439, 1018 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, M., Barash, S.: Neuronal switching of sensorimotor transformations for antisaccades. Nature. 408, 971–975 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohn, A., Fehr, E., Maréchal, M.A.: Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature. 516, 86–89 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lissenberg, C.J., Rioux, M., Shimizu, N., Bowring, S.A., Mével, C.: Zircon dating of oceanic crustal accretion. Science. 323, 1048–1050 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tue, N.V., Reichel, M., Fischer, M.: Berechnung und Bemessung von Betonbrücken. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany (2016)
An edited book
Parkin, G. ed: Metal-Metal Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Conti, N., Memoli, V.: A Specific Profile: The Internet Users. In: Memoli, V. (ed.) Citizens, Europe and the Media: Have New Media made Citizens more Eurosceptical? pp. 69–83. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automated Software Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Reveal Mechanism of Giant Plasma Solar “Rainstorms,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Immaneni, R.N.: An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: First-Base Prospect Finally Lives the Dream During a Mets Victory, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta 2006; Zhang and Barash 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Barash 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lissenberg et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomated Software Engineering
AbbreviationAutom. Softw. Eng.
ISSN (print)0928-8910
ISSN (online)1573-7535

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