How to format your references using the Currents in Biblical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Currents in Biblical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H.
2014 ‘Schizophrenia’, Nature 508 (7494) (April 3): S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaut, B. S., and J. Ross-Ibarra
2008 ‘Selection on major components of angiosperm genomes’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5875) (April 25): 484–486
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.-X., Q. Ji, and C.-X. Yuan
2007 ‘Convergent dental adaptations in pseudo-tribosphenic and tribosphenic mammals’, Nature 450 (7166) (November 1): 93–97
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gómez Cano, A. R., J. L. Cantalapiedra, M. Á. Álvarez-Sierra, and M. Hernández Fernández
2014 ‘A macroecological glance at the structure of late Miocene rodent assemblages from Southwest Europe’, Scientific reports 4 (October 9): 6557

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan, T. R., and B. Bala Tripura Sundari
2005 Design Through Verilog HDL (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.), January 28
An edited book
Paulsen, M. B., ed.
2013 Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research: Volume 28 (Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research; vol. 28Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Tepe, H.
2014 ‘Rethinking Human Nature as a Basis for Human Rights’, in M. Albers, T. Hoffmann, and J. Reinhardt (eds.), Human Rights and Human Nature (Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and JusticeDordrecht: Springer Netherlands): 57–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Currents in Biblical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E.
2015 Whatever Our Emotions Tell Us, Not All Whaling Is The Same, IFLScience (IFLScience), August 3


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office
2016 Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Information on Planned Changes to State Performance Reporting and Related Challenges (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office), March 7

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S.
2017 Vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester for low-frequency road traffic Doctoral dissertation, (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.
2010 ‘Faces Change for Yanks, but Postseason Focus Doesn’t’, New York Times, October 7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brody 2014; Gaut and Ross-Ibarra 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaut and Ross-Ibarra 2008)
  • Three authors: (Luo, Ji, and Yuan 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gómez Cano et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrents in Biblical Research
AbbreviationCurr. Biblic. Res.
ISSN (print)1476-993X
ISSN (online)1745-5200

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