How to format your references using the Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Carpenter D (2012) Policy reform: Strengthen and stabilize the FDA. Nature 485:169–170
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ackland GJ, Butler D (2001) Pack formation in cycling and orienteering. Nature 413:127
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Miller CJ, Nichol RC, Batuski DJ (2001) Acoustic oscillations in the early universe and today. Science 292:2302–2303
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gamo F-J, Sanz LM, Vidal J, et al (2010) Thousands of chemical starting points for antimalarial lead identification. Nature 465:305–310

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bai Y (2010) Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Sun M, Liu Y, Zhao J (2014) Chinese Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing Based on Naturally Annotated Big Data: 13th China National Conference, CCL 2014, and Second International Symposium, NLP-NABD 2014, Wuhan, China, October 18-19, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Caputo JS (2016) Peacebuilding through Dialogue in Northern Ireland. In: Roy S, Shaw IS (eds) Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 54–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) The Quake That’ll Take Out Los Angeles May Be Around The Corner. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/quake-take-los-angeles-around-corner/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Wider Use of Better Computer Software Technology Can Improve Management Control and Reduce Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jackson LI (2017) Empowering African American Youth Who Live in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M (1992) Little Rock Hopes Clinton Presidency Will Put Its Dogpatch Image to Rest. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
AbbreviationCancer Immunol. Immunother.
ISSN (print)0340-7004
ISSN (online)1432-0851
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology

Other styles