How to format your references using the Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Danger B (2007) Don’t stop me now. Nature 445:334–335
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sherman G, Visscher PK (2002) Honeybee colonies achieve fitness through dancing. Nature 419:920–922
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Burkle LA, Marlin JC, Knight TM (2013) Plant-pollinator interactions over 120 years: loss of species, co-occurrence, and function. Science 339:1611–1615
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kumar P, Wu H, McBride JL, et al (2007) Transvascular delivery of small interfering RNA to the central nervous system. Nature 448:39–43

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mead DE (2013) Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Hostettler S, Hazboun E, Bolay J-C (2015) Technologies for Development: What is Essential? Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baigunchekov Z, Kalimoldaev M, Utenov M, Baigunchekov T (2016) Geometry and Direct Kinematics of Six-DOF Three-Limbed Parallel Manipulator. In: Parenti-Castelli V, Schiehlen W (eds) ROMANSY 21 - Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of the 21st CISM-IFToMM Symposium, June 20-23, Udine, Italy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Scientists Have Figured Out What Caused The “Alien Radio Signal” Coming From A Distant Exoplanet. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/alien-radio-signal-distant-exoplanet-caused-planet-wide-lightning-storm/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) General Aviation Security: Increased Federal Oversight Is Needed, but Continued Partnership with the Private Sector Is Critical to Long-Term Success. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tafoya A (2010) Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
LINDA GREENHOUSE; Karen W. Arenson contributed reporting from New York for this article (2006) U.S. WINS RULING OVER RECRUITING AT UNIVERSITIES. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
AbbreviationCancer Immunol. Immunother.
ISSN (print)0340-7004
ISSN (online)1432-0851
ScopeCancer Research
Immunology
Immunology and Allergy
Oncology

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