How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Maille, P., 2015. Microbiology: Fungus against the wall. Nature 521, 168–169.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bercovici, D., Ricard, Y., 2014. Plate tectonics, damage and inheritance. Nature 508, 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biek, R., Drummond, A.J., Poss, M., 2006. A virus reveals population structure and recent demographic history of its carnivore host. Science 311, 538–541.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ewald, S.E., Lee, B.L., Lau, L., Wickliffe, K.E., Shi, G.-P., Chapman, H.A., Barton, G.M., 2008. The ectodomain of Toll-like receptor 9 is cleaved to generate a functional receptor. Nature 456, 658–662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J., 2015. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Aylett, R., Lim, M.Y., Louchart, S., Petta, P., Riedl, M. (Eds.), 2010. Interactive Storytelling: Third Joint Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2010, Edinburgh, UK, November 1-3, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zöller, M., Jung, T., 2011. The Colorectal Cancer Initiating Cell: Markers and Their Role in Liver Metastasis, in: Brodt, P. (Ed.), Liver Metastasis: Biology and Clinical Management, Cancer Metastasis – Biology and Treatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 89–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. The Latest Planet Hunter is A Dreaming Robot [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Joint Strike Fighter: DOD Plans to Enter Production before Testing Demonstrates Acceptable Performance (No. GAO-06-356). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D., 2009. Deus-ex-machina: A modern skeptic’s relentless scrutiny of the production of ethics in post-colonial literature and postcolonialism (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. The Candidates as Culture Vultures. New York Times 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Maille, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bercovici and Ricard, 2014; O’Maille, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bercovici and Ricard, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ewald et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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