How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narain, S., 2012. Sanitation for all. Nature 486, 185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Möller, K., Bein, T., 2011. Chemistry. Pores within pores--how to craft ordered hierarchical zeolites. Science 333, 297–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard, E., Rostek, F., Ménot-Combes, G., 2004. Paleoclimate. A better radiocarbon clock. Science 303, 178–179.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vernazza, P., Binzel, R.P., Rossi, A., Fulchignoni, M., Birlan, M., 2009. Solar wind as the origin of rapid reddening of asteroid surfaces. Nature 458, 993–995.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller, F.J., 2011. Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hipel, K.W., Fang, L., Cullmann, J., Bristow, M. (Eds.), 2015. Conflict Resolution in Water Resources and Environmental Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Acciarri, H.A., 2016. Enforcement Deflection and Innovation, in: Bellantuono, G., Lara, F.T. (Eds.), Law, Development and Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. 2016: The year In Space And Astronomy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Homeland Security: Oversight of Neglected Human Resources Information Technology Investment Is Needed (No. GAO-16-253). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunbar, S., 2013. Sideshow: An alluring dichotomy of illusion and humanity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. The Great Pretenders. New York Times 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Narain, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Möller and Bein, 2011; Narain, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Möller and Bein, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Vernazza et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles