How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommer, M.O.A., 2014. Microbiology: Barriers to the spread of resistance. Nature 509, 567–568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommer, M.A., Wurtz, R.H., 2002. A pathway in primate brain for internal monitoring of movements. Science 296, 1480–1482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mempel, T.R., Henrickson, S.E., Von Andrian, U.H., 2004. T-cell priming by dendritic cells in lymph nodes occurs in three distinct phases. Nature 427, 154–159.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dahl, C.D., Rasch, M.J., Tomonaga, M., Adachi, I., 2013. The face inversion effect in non-human primates revisited - an investigation in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Sci. Rep. 3, 2504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent, O., Petit, J.-P., Gurle, D., 2005. IP Telephony. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Popov, V.L., 2015. Method of Dimensionality Reduction in Contact Mechanics and Friction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamada, S., Tamura, Y., 2016. Hazard Rates for Embedded OSS Reliability Analysis, in: Tamura, Y. (Ed.), OSS Reliability Measurement and Assessment, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Nitrogen-Fed Bacteria Could Power Our Future [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study (No. T-RCED-92-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nadeau, E.M., 2017. Baby Boomer Generation’s Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C., 2016. A Jacobean Hit Man Who Doesn’t Want Cash. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sommer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sommer and Wurtz, 2002; Sommer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sommer and Wurtz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dahl et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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