How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Braun, J., 2008. The food crisis isn’t over. Nature 456, 701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenleaf, W.J., Block, S.M., 2006. Single-molecule, motion-based DNA sequencing using RNA polymerase. Science 313, 801.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lillo, F., Farmer, J.D., Mantegna, R.N., 2003. Econophysics: Master curve for price-impact function. Nature 421, 129–130.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yool, A., Martin, A.P., Fernández, C., Clark, D.R., 2007. The significance of nitrification for oceanic new production. Nature 447, 999–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, A.L., 2005. Handbook of Electrical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Grøn, Ø., 2011. Einstein’s Theory: A Rigorous Introduction for the Mathematically Untrained, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Annetta, L.A., Lamb, R., Stone, M., 2011. Assessing Serious Educational Games, in: Annetta, L., Bronack, S.C. (Eds.), Serious Educational Game Assessment: Practical Methods and Models for Educational Games, Simulations and Virtual Worlds. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Looped Trajectories Make Quantum Superposition Even Stranger [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan (No. GGD-75-97). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sulaiman, Y., 2008. The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967 (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nuila, R., 2017. Medical Misfits. New York Times SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Normile, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chi, 2015; Yamanouchi, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenleaf and Block, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Savina et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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