How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, J., 2014. Nanotechnology: Deliver on a promise. Nature 509, S58-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita, K., Weiner, A.M., 2001. Collaboration between CC- and A-adding enzymes to build and repair the 3’-terminal CCA of tRNA in Aquifex aeolicus. Science 294, 1334–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M.A., Brunetti, G., Mack, K.-H., 2002. Particle accelerators in the hot spots of radio galaxy 3C 445, imaged with the VLT. Science 298, 193–195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Doan, T., Mendez, A., Detwiler, P.B., Chen, J., Rieke, F., 2006. Multiple phosphorylation sites confer reproducibility of the rod’s single-photon responses. Science 313, 530–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abutarbush, S.M., 2015. Illustrated Guide to Equine Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA.
An edited book
Dikshit, K.R., 2014. North-East India: Land, People and Economy, Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunoff, J.L., 2013. Is Sovereign Equality Obsolete? Understanding Twenty-First Century International Organizations, in: Nijman, J.E., Werner, W.G. (Eds.), Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2012: Legal Equality and the International Rule of Law - Essays in Honour of P.H. Kooijmans. T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 99–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Common Mouthwash Could Potentially Cure Gonorrhoea [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Contracts: Army Needs to Correct Budget Disclosure Deficiencies (No. IMTEC-89-13). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, D., 2014. The EastSide Café: A liberated learning zone (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S.M., 2016. A Gasoline Desert Expands on an Island of Many Cars. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Tomita and Weiner, 2001; Wright, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita and Weiner, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Doan et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde - Geochemistry - Interdisciplinary Journal for Chemical Problems of the Geosciences and Geoecology
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles