How to format your references using the European Journal for Security Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Security Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen PA (2008) From landscapes into geological history. Nature 451:274–276
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho US, Xu W (2007) Crystal structure of a protein phosphatase 2A heterotrimeric holoenzyme. Nature 445:53–57
A journal article with 3 authors
González MC, Hidalgo CA, Barabási A-L (2008) Understanding individual human mobility patterns. Nature 453:779–782
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao Z-D, Yang Z, Zhang Z, et al (2013) Emergence of scaling in human-interest dynamics. Sci Rep 3:3472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch I, Turpin S, Johnston B, et al (2014) Geriatric Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Picozza E (ed) (2016) Neurolaw: An Introduction. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Šimberová S, Suk T (2013) Analysis of Dynamic Processes by Statistical Moments of High Orders. In: Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G (eds) Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Security Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Vaccine Against Alzheimer’s Disease Protein Passes First Stage Of Clinical Trials. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Space Communications: Performance of NASA’s White Sands Ground Terminal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith MP (2009) De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Hoping for Another Really Groovy Time. New York Times AR21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2008, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cho and Xu 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Security Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Secur. Res.
ISSN (print)2365-0931
ISSN (online)2364-1695
Scope

Other styles