How to format your references using the European Journal for Security Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Security Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haag AL (2007) Algae bloom again. Nature 447:520–521
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MR, Caron J-B (2015) Hallucigenia’s head and the pharyngeal armature of early ecdysozoans. Nature 523:75–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Tregenza T, Butlin RK, Wedell N (2000) Sexual conflict and speciation. Nature 407:149–150
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu C, Zhai X, Liu L, et al (2013) Spontaneous reduction and assembly of graphene oxide into three-dimensional graphene network on arbitrary conductive substrates. Sci Rep 3:2065

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman A, Kay J, Ursano RJ (2013) The Psychiatric Interview. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Langdon P, Clarkson J, Robinson P (eds) (2008) Designing Inclusive Futures. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Koch M, Chvátalová Z (2013) Information System Efficiency as an Attribute in Environmental Information Systems. In: Hřebíček J, Schimak G, Kubásek M, Rizzoli AE (eds) Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing: 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2013, Neusiedl am See, Austria, October 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Security Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Solar Farm Produces Enough Electricity for 140,000 Homes. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-solar-farm-produces-enough-electricity-140000-homes/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones C (2015) Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) Game and the Season End In Frustration for the Power. New York Times 85

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haag 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Haag 2007; Smith and Caron 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Caron 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Security Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Secur. Res.
ISSN (print)2365-0931
ISSN (online)2364-1695
Scope

Other styles