How to format your references using the European Journal for Security Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Security Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov A (2015) Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature 517:25–26
A journal article with 2 authors
Heldwein EE, Brennan RG (2001) Crystal structure of the transcription activator BmrR bound to DNA and a drug. Nature 409:378–382
A journal article with 3 authors
Cusick RD, Kim Y, Logan BE (2012) Energy capture from thermolytic solutions in microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells. Science 335:1474–1477
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liang M, Li W, Tian H, et al (2014) Sequential expression of long noncoding RNA as mRNA gene expression in specific stages of mouse spermatogenesis. Sci Rep 4:5966

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed SM, Hrci (2017) The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lagorio SL (2016) Early Cretaceous Volcanism in Central and Eastern Argentina During Gondwana Break-Up. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Léon G (2007) Cooperative Models for Information Technology Transfer in the Context of Open Innovation. In: McMaster T, Wastell D, Ferneley E, DeGross JI (eds) Organizational Dynamics of Technology-Based Innovation: Diversifying the Research Agenda: IFIP TC 8 WG 8.6 International Working Conference, June 14–16, Manchester, UK. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 43–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Security Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Bigger Is Better After All. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/bigger-better-after-all/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Telecommunications: Issues in Providing Cable and Satellite Television Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray BA (2015) Sociocultural factors in women’s health in Swaziland. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) Study to Help Coordinate Transportation Solutions. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ladegaard Skov 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Heldwein and Brennan 2001; Ladegaard Skov 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heldwein and Brennan 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Security Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Secur. Res.
ISSN (print)2365-0931
ISSN (online)2364-1695
Scope

Other styles