How to format your references using the European Journal for Security Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Security Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema L (2000) Fathers of electronic revolution are rewarded. Nature 407:662
A journal article with 2 authors
Bostwick KS, Prum RO (2005) Courting bird sings with stridulating wing feathers. Science 309:736
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade P, Brakefield PM, Long AD (2002) Contribution of Distal-less to quantitative variation in butterfly eyespots. Nature 415:315–318
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Okamoto H, Eguchi R, Hamao S, et al (2014) An extended phenacene-type molecule, [8]phenacene: synthesis and transistor application. Sci Rep 4:5330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams N (2013) Eclipse of Grace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Davitashvili N (2016) Dynamics of Crank-Piston Mechanisms, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Jobst AA (2016) A Primer on Structured Finance. In: Satchell S (ed) Derivatives and Hedge Funds. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 72–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Security Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Will Arrive At Jupiter This Week. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasas-juno-spacecraft-will-arrive-at-jupiter-this-week/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Airfield Pavement: Keeping Nation’s Runways in Good Condition Could Require Substantially Higher Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin RL (2017) Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Put On A Happy Face. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venema 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Venema 2000; Bostwick and Prum 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bostwick and Prum 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Security Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Secur. Res.
ISSN (print)2365-0931
ISSN (online)2364-1695
Scope

Other styles