How to format your references using the Journal of Water Process Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Process Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
A. Hall, Climate. Projecting regional change, Science. 346 (2014) 1461–1462.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
C. Parmesan, G. Yohe, A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems, Nature. 421 (2003) 37–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M.S. Hill, P.B. Hitchcock, R. Pongtavornpinyo, A linear homocatenated compound containing six indium centers, Science. 311 (2006) 1904–1907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
S. Soma, S. Shimegi, N. Suematsu, H. Sato, Cholinergic modulation of response gain in the rat primary visual cortex, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
D. Chowdhury, D. Stauffer, Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
[1]
A.D. Gordon, ed., Programming Languages and Systems: 19th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
J. Ren, Epidemiological Principles Applied to CER, in: C. Asche (Ed.), Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Process Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, This Parasitic Flatworm Does Not Like the Tropics, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/parasitic-flatworm-does-not-tropics/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Aviation: Consumers Could Benefit from Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
K.M. Alexandre, Identifying mechanisms regulating Wnt signaling during postembryonic development, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Poniewozik, For Trump, Everything Is a Rating, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Process Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Water Proc.engineering
ISSN (print)2214-7144
Scope

Other styles