How to format your references using the Journal of Water Process Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Process Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.M. Canup, A giant impact origin of Pluto-Charon, Science. 307 (2005) 546–550.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.B. Moore, T.A. Steitz, The involvement of RNA in ribosome function, Nature. 418 (2002) 229–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Karan, Z. Jiang, A.G. Livingston, MEMBRANE FILTRATION. Sub-10 nm polyamide nanofilms with ultrafast solvent transport for molecular separation, Science. 348 (2015) 1347–1351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor, Nature. 427 (2004) 615–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.K. Boyd, C. Basic, R.A. Bethem, Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
S.L. Young, F.J. Pierce, eds., Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Gandhi, Organisation and Role of Critical Care Units: Obstetric HDU/ICU, in: A. Gandhi, N. Malhotra, J. Malhotra, N. Gupta, N.M. Bora (Eds.), Principles of Critical Care in Obstetrics: Volume I, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016: pp. 21–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Process Engineering.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Weak Gravity Can Be Explained With 10 Million Billion New Particles, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Aviation Administration: Agency Is Taking Steps to Plan for and Train Its Technician Workforce, but a More Strategic Approach Is Warranted, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.A. Tengco, Quality Home Care: Providing Personal Care and Homemaking Services for Seniors in the Community, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Markoff, Looking Beyond Silicon to Squeeze More Out of Chips, New York Times. (2016) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Process Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Water
ISSN (print)2214-7144

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