How to format your references using the Journal of Water Process Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Process Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.V. Olson, Genome-sequencing anniversary. What does a “normal” human genome look like?, Science. 331 (2011) 872.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.L. Lee, A.J. Wand, Microscopic origins of entropy, heat capacity and the glass transition in proteins, Nature. 411 (2001) 501–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
X.C. Liu, H.W. Zhang, K. Lu, Strain-induced ultrahard and ultrastable nanolaminated structure in nickel, Science. 342 (2013) 337–340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Sandler, I. Kassamakov, H. Ehlers, N. Genina, T. Ylitalo, E. Haeggstrom, Rapid interferometric imaging of printed drug laden multilayer structures, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4020.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.H. Marks, L.E. Robbins, G. Fernández, J.P. Funkhouser, D.L. Williams, The Handbook of Financing Growth, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
K. Großmann, ed., Thermo-energetic Design of Machine Tools: A Systemic Approach to Solve the Conflict Between Power Efficiency, Accuracy and Productivity Demonstrated at the Example of Machining Production, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D.I. Feig, CRP, Uric Acid, and Other Novel Factors in the Pathogenesis of Hypertension, in: J.T. Flynn, J.R. Ingelfinger, R.J. Portman (Eds.), Pediatric Hypertension, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2011: pp. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Process Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, Newly Identified Sperm-Specific Protein Bolsters Prospects Of Male Contraceptive, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.D. Quick, Faith-based charter school success at education ground zero, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Chira, Well, What Should Hillary Clinton Do?, New York Times. (2017) SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Process Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Water
ISSN (print)2214-7144

Other styles