How to format your references using the Journal of Water Process Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Water Process Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Claussen, Climate policy. An effective approach to climate change, Science. 306 (2004) 816.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.L. Hartmann, H.H. Hendon, Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma, Science. 318 (2007) 1731–1732.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Basile-Doelsch, J.D. Meunier, C. Parron, Another continental pool in the terrestrial silicon cycle, Nature. 433 (2005) 399–402.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.M. Lister, C.J. Edwards, D.A.W. Nock, M. Bunce, I.A. van Pijlen, D.G. Bradley, M.G. Thomas, I. Barnes, The phylogenetic position of the “giant deer” Megaloceros giganteus, Nature. 438 (2005) 850–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Chen, Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
D. Gilbert, M. Heiner, eds., Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 10th International Conference, CMSB 2012, London, UK, October 3-5, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Doss, If Women Hold Up Half the Sky, How Much of the World’s Food Do They Produce?, in: A.R. Quisumbing, R. Meinzen-Dick, T.L. Raney, A. Croppenstedt, J.A. Behrman, A. Peterman (Eds.), Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Water Process Engineering.

Blog post
J. Davis, Blue Whale Spotted Tangled In Fishing Line Off Southern Californian Coast, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Overstatement of Contract Target Costs for F-1 Rocket Engines for Saturn V Launch Vehicle, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.R. Mullen, Factors Influencing Canadian Power Engineers’ Decision to Pursue Advanced Certification, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
U. Galani, G. Hay, Helping Dubai, but Only So Far, New York Times. (2009) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Water Process Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Water
ISSN (print)2214-7144

Other styles