How to format your references using the Marine Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flicek, P., 2010. Journal club. A computational geneticist looks at mechanisms of chromosomal evolution. Nature 463, 713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthias, S., Müller, F., 2003. Asymmetric pores in a silicon membrane acting as massively parallel brownian ratchets. Nature 424, 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rappuoli, R., Miller, H.I., Falkow, S., 2002. Medicine. The intangible value of vaccination. Science 297, 937–939.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Strausberg, R.L., Simpson, A.J.G., Old, L.J., Riggins, G.J., 2004. Oncogenomics and the development of new cancer therapies. Nature 429, 469–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, M., 2013. Happy-People-Pills For All. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Scholz, S., Jarboe, M.D. (Eds.), 2016. Diagnostic and Interventional Ultrasound in Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Debru, C., 2014. On the Relationship between Neuroscience and Philosophy: the Case of Sleep and Dreaming, in: Galavotti, M.C., Nemeth, E., Stadler, F. (Eds.), European Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Viennese Heritage, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Venomous Lionfish Are Taking Over The Mediterranean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear (No. GAO-12-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steffan, A.L., 2010. An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J., 2017. Custom Suits At Accessible Prices. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flicek, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Flicek, 2010; Matthias and Müller, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthias and Müller, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Strausberg et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geology
AbbreviationMar. Geol.
ISSN (print)0025-3227
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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