How to format your references using the Marine Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D., 2010. World view: Missing weapons. Nature 464, 672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, W.Y., Sine, S.M., 2005. Principal pathway coupling agonist binding to channel gating in nicotinic receptors. Nature 438, 243–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wuchty, S., Jones, B.F., Uzzi, B., 2007. The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science 316, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mizuguchi, G., Shen, X., Landry, J., Wu, W.-H., Sen, S., Wu, C., 2004. ATP-driven exchange of histone H2AZ variant catalyzed by SWR1 chromatin remodeling complex. Science 303, 343–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa, R., 2016. Advertising by Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Crespi, G., Dutrénit, G. (Eds.), 2014. Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Development: The Latin American Experience. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaramillo, F., Noboa, F., 2015. Impact of Servant Leadership on Ethical Climate, Supervisor Conflict, and Organizational Outcomes, in: Robinson, L., Jr. (Ed.), Marketing Dynamism & Sustainability: Things Change, Things Stay the Same…: Proceedings of the 2012 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What If Nature, Like Corporations, Had The Rights And Protections Of A Person? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Is Addressing Challenges of Its Expanded Mission and Workforce, but Additional Actions Needed (No. GAO-04-242). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, T., 2010. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Competition and Camaraderie for Gay Athletes. New York Times 84.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Sine, 2005; Sarewitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Sine, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Mizuguchi et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geology
AbbreviationMar. Geol.
ISSN (print)0025-3227
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geology
Oceanography

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