How to format your references using the Marine Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kling, J., 2006. Careers in systems biology. Working the systems. Science 311, 1305–1306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fong, Y.W., Zhou, Q., 2001. Stimulatory effect of splicing factors on transcriptional elongation. Nature 414, 929–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Larsen, R.E., Glover, W.J., Schwartz, B.J., 2010. Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity? Science 329, 65–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stubbs, J., Simpson, K.M., Triglia, T., Plouffe, D., Tonkin, C.J., Duraisingh, M.T., Maier, A.G., Winzeler, E.A., Cowman, A.F., 2005. Molecular mechanism for switching of P. falciparum invasion pathways into human erythrocytes. Science 309, 1384–1387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pangarkar, V.G., 2014. Design of Multiphase Reactors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grossi, E., Ravagnan, A. (Eds.), 2013. Cultura e salute: La partecipazione culturale come strumento per un nuovo welfare. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, J., Cheng, L., Gershon, E.S., Liu, C., 2009. G72/G30 in Neuropsychiatric Disorders, in: Lajtha, A., Javitt, D., Kantrowitz, J. (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Schizophrenia. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 91–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Could The Mystery Of The Meow Actually Be Solved By A New Talking Cat Collar? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Tax Policy: Insufficient Information to Assess Effect of Tax Free Education Assistance (No. GGD-89-76). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gros, T.R., 2009. A templated agarose scaffold for axon guidance in the central and peripheral nervous system (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Just 30 Pieces of Glamour. New York Times E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fong and Zhou, 2001; Kling, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fong and Zhou, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Stubbs et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geology
AbbreviationMar. Geol.
ISSN (print)0025-3227
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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