How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichstein, M. (2010). Journal club. A biogeochemist looks at where all the emitted carbon dioxide is going. Nature, 464(7286), 145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruxin, J., & Habinshuti, A. (2011). Crowd control in Rwanda. Nature, 474(7353), 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parry, M., Lowe, J., & Hanson, C. (2009). Overshoot, adapt and recover. Nature, 458(7242), 1102–1103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Müller, K., Kaldewey, T., Ripszam, R., Wildmann, J. S., Bechtold, A., Bichler, M., … Finley, J. J. (2013). All optical quantum control of a spin-quantum state and ultrafast transduction into an electric current. Scientific Reports, 3, 1906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W. (2014). GAAP for Governments 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gouliamos, A. D., Andreou, J., & Kosmidis, P. (Eds.). (2014). Imaging in Clinical Oncology. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellano, G., Fanelli, A. M., & Torsello, M. A. (2013). Web Usage Mining: Discovering Usage Patterns for Web Applications. In J. D. Velásquez, V. Palade, & L. C. Jain (Eds.), Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2: Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis (pp. 75–104). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 25). Canada Approves Genetically Engineered Salmon For Sale. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Air Fares and Service at Concentrated Airports (No. T-RCED-89-37). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seyed Jalali Aghdam, S. M. (2015). Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 14). Fox Trades Motto of ‘Fair and Balanced’ for ‘Most Watched, Most Trusted.’ New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichstein, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Reichstein, 2010; Ruxin & Habinshuti, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruxin & Habinshuti, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Parry, Lowe, & Hanson, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Müller et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)1094-1665
ISSN (online)1741-6507
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles