How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, E. P. (2003). Bacterial communication: tiny teamwork. Nature, 424(6945), 134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Correia, A. C., & Laskar, J. (2001). The four final rotation states of Venus. Nature, 411(6839), 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao, Y. C., Jin, R., & Mirkin, C. A. (2002). Nanoparticles with Raman spectroscopic fingerprints for DNA and RNA detection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1536–1540.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ito, A., Yamamoto, Y., Sato, M., Ikeda, K., Yamamoto, M., Fujita, H., Nagamori, E., Kawabe, Y., & Kamihira, M. (2014). Induction of functional tissue-engineered skeletal muscle constructs by defined electrical stimulation. Scientific Reports, 4, 4781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinçer, İ., & Zamfirescu, C. (2015). Drying Phenomena. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Defler, T. R., & Stevenson, P. R. (Eds.). (2014). The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research (Vol. 39). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ngah, R., Salleh, Z., & Mamat, W. I. W. (2016). Entrepreneurs’ Innovativeness Based on Emotional Intelligence (EI) Competencies Towards Entrepreneurial Success. In N. Z. Mohd Sidek, S. M. Ali, & M. Ismail (Eds.), Proceedings of the ASEAN Entrepreneurship Conference 2014 (pp. 49–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 24). British Astronaut Tim Peake’s Space Photography Is Absolutely Awe-Inspiring. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs (RCED-00-98). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Travis, M. J. (2008). The relationship between a connections math class and math Criterion Referenced Competency Test scores [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, May 20). State Tax Break Is Upheld For Municipal Bonds. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Correia & Laskar, 2001; Greenberg, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Correia & Laskar, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cao et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ito et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)1094-1665
ISSN (online)1741-6507
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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