How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basnyat, B. (2015). Tackle Nepal’s typhoid problem now. Nature, 524(7565), 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dezhina, I., & Graham, L. R. (2005). Research funding. Science foundations: a novelty in Russian science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1772–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymo, M. E., Lisiecki, L. E., & Nisancioglu, K. H. (2006). Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global delta18O record. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 492–495.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kodama, S., Kühtreiber, W., Fujimura, S., Dale, E. A., & Faustman, D. L. (2003). Islet regeneration during the reversal of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1223–1227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton, R. J., & Smith, C. (2014). Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Short, N. P., Turner, L., & Grant, A. (Eds.). (2013). Contemporary British Autoethnography. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Obi, A., & Ndhleve, S. (2011). Rural income dynamics in post-apartheid South Africa: implications for reduction of poverty and income inequality. In A. Obi (Ed.), Institutional constraints to small farmer development in Southern Africa (pp. 87–97). Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 10). What Are All The Elements In The Periodic Table Actually Used For? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Oversight System Is Effective but Could Benefit from Better Evaluation of Its Programs’ Performance (GAO-06-266T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S. (2013). An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2002, March 17). Where Mu sic: Will Be Coming From. New York Times, 629.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basnyat, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Basnyat, 2015; Dezhina & Graham, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dezhina & Graham, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Raymo et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kodama et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)1094-1665
ISSN (online)1741-6507
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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