How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, T. (2015). Modelling: Build imprecise supercomputers. Nature, 526(7571), 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., & Tawfik, D. S. (2009). Chaperonin overexpression promotes genetic variation and enzyme evolution. Nature, 459(7247), 668–673.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koschowitz, M.-C., Fischer, C., & Sander, M. (2014). Evolution. Beyond the rainbow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6208), 416–418.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Park, S. A., Lee, S.-R., Tung, L., & Yue, D. T. (2014). Optical mapping of optogenetically shaped cardiac action potentials. Scientific Reports, 4, 6125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich, E., & Fanelli, D. (2012). The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fikentscher, W. (2013). FairEconomy: Crises, Culture, Competition and the Role of Law (P. Hacker & R. Podszun, Eds.; Vol. 19). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buynevich, I. V., Bitinas, A., & Pupienis, D. (2015). Aeolian Sand Invasion: Georadar Signatures from the Curonian Spit Dunes, Lithuania. In G. Randazzo, D. W. T. Jackson, & J. A. G. Cooper (Eds.), Sand and Gravel Spits (pp. 67–78). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, August 10). Birds May Be Protecting Atlanta From West Nile Virus. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Amendment No. 1--Documentation Requirements When Assessing Control Risk at Maximum for Controls Significantly Dependent Upon Computerized Information Systems (Superseded by GAO-03-673G) A-GAGAS-1, May 1999 (A-GAGAS-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef, N. J. (2009). A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. (2017, July 2). ISIS Holdouts in Raqqa Nearly Hemmed In by American-Backed Forces. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer, 2015; Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Koschowitz et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Park et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)1094-1665
ISSN (online)1741-6507
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles