How to format your references using the PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hall KB. Molecular biology: Protein binding cannot subdue a lively RNA. Nature. 2014;506:303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zehr JP, Kudela RM. Ocean science. Photosynthesis in the open ocean. Science. 2009;326:945–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. DeCoursey TE, Morgan D, Cherny VV. The voltage dependence of NADPH oxidase reveals why phagocytes need proton channels. Nature. 2003;422:531–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ahmadi S, Muth-Selbach U, Lauterbach A, Lipfert P, Neuhuber WL, Zeilhofer HU. Facilitation of spinal NMDA receptor currents by spillover of synaptically released glycine. Science. 2003;300:2094–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bintliff J. The Complete Archaeology of Greece. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Nasir A, editor. Clinical Dermatology Trials 101: A Primer for Dermatologists. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hamper A. Tailored Physical Activity Promotion with Context-Based Mobile Applications. In: Wickramasinghe N, Troshani I, Tan J, editors. Contemporary Consumer Health Informatics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PharmacoEconomics German Research Articles.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Should Your Car Be Programmed To Kill You? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/the-fatal-moral-dilemma-posed-by-driverless-cars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Oversight of Rental Rates for Highway Construction Equipment Is Inadequate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: RCED-93-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Noxon C. Sedentism, Agriculture, and the Neolithic Demographic Transition: Insights from Jōmon Paleodemography [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Protess B, Eder S. Donating Profits From Foreign Officials Is Complicated Task, Trump Group Says. New York Times. 2017 May 24;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacoEconomics German Research Articles
ISSN (print)1612-3727
ISSN (online)1868-677X
Scope

Other styles