How to format your references using the Cognitive Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koenig R. EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Urgent Call for Research Overhaul. Science. 2000;289:523a–4a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tomita K, Weiner AM. Collaboration between CC- and A-adding enzymes to build and repair the 3’-terminal CCA of tRNA in Aquifex aeolicus. Science. 2001;294:1334–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schoener TW, Spiller DA, Losos JB. Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations. Nature. 2001;412:183–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zimmers TA, Davies MV, Koniaris LG, Haynes P, Esquela AF, Tomkinson KN, et al. Induction of cachexia in mice by systemically administered myostatin. Science. 2002;296:1486–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sadati N, Dumont GA, Hamed KA, Gruver WA. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Margaria T, Steffen B, editors. Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: 4th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications, ISoLA 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, October 18-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yui N. Modularity of Calabi–Yau Varieties: 2011 and Beyond. In: Laza R, Schütt M, Yui N, editors. Arithmetic and Geometry of K3 Surfaces and Calabi–Yau Threefolds. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 101–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Computation.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Nemo’s Dad Should Have Become His Mom, And Other Lies Children’s Movies Told You [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in the Philippines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dang H. The cummulative incidence estimate versus the Kaplan Meier method in medical research [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. Man of War. New York Times. 2014 Nov 16;BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Computation
AbbreviationCognit. Comput.
ISSN (print)1866-9956
ISSN (online)1866-9964
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Cognitive Neuroscience

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