How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, A., 2015. Ancient civilization: Cracking the Indus script. Nature 526, 499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsou, M.-F.B., Stearns, T., 2006. Mechanism limiting centrosome duplication to once per cell cycle. Nature 442, 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bowman, G.D., O’Donnell, M., Kuriyan, J., 2004. Structural analysis of a eukaryotic sliding DNA clamp-clamp loader complex. Nature 429, 724–730.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Izawa, D., Goto, M., Yamashita, A., Yamano, H., Yamamoto, M., 2005. Fission yeast Mes1p ensures the onset of meiosis II by blocking degradation of cyclin Cdc13p. Nature 434, 529–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klee, L., 2015. International Construction Contract Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hirano, H.-Y., Sano, Y., Hirai, A., Sasaki, T. (Eds.), 2008. Rice Biology in the Genomics Era, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Takazawa, K., 2008. A Weighted K t,t -Free t-Factor Algorithm for Bipartite Graphs, in: Lodi, A., Panconesi, A., Rinaldi, G. (Eds.), Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization: 13th International Conference, IPCO 2008 Bertinoro, Italy, May 26-28, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 62–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Google’s April Fools’ Day Trick Lets You Play “Ms. Pac-Man” In Google Maps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Improve Planning, Management, and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars (No. GAO-08-1051T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakirci, A., 2010. Proteomic analysis of hepatocyte proteins in response to in vivo iron overload (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2006. Arts, Briefly; Kremlin Museum Grows. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson, 2015; Tsou and Stearns, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsou and Stearns, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Izawa et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628

Other styles