How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sorenson, E., 2007. Gates of opportunity. Nature 447, 502–503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuthbertson, J.D., MacMillan, D.W.C., 2015. The direct arylation of allylic sp(3) C-H bonds via organic and photoredox catalysis. Nature 519, 74–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stenner, M.D., Gauthier, D.J., Neifeld, M.A., 2003. The speed of information in a “fast-light” optical medium. Nature 425, 695–698.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, J.E., Fusco, M.L., Hessell, A.J., Oswald, W.B., Burton, D.R., Saphire, E.O., 2008. Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor. Nature 454, 177–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti, P., 2013. Theory of Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Tweedale, J.W., Jain, L.C., Watada, J., Howlett, R.J. (Eds.), 2015. Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
van Nee, F., de Boer, P.-T., 2011. On the Benefit of Forward Error Correction at IEEE 802.11 Link Layer Level, in: Lehnert, R. (Ed.), Energy-Aware Communications: 17th International Workshop, EUNICE 2011, Dresden, Germany, September 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 9–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. You Can Get Cautiously Excited About This Fusion Power “Breakthrough” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Current Funding Status of the Energy Research and Development Administration (No. B-178726). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W.C., 2017. An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. Using Their Artistic Vision to Pierce Iran’s Veil. New York Times WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sorenson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cuthbertson and MacMillan, 2015; Sorenson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuthbertson and MacMillan, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628

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