How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guo, Q., 2005. Plant communities: ecosystem maturity and performance. Nature 435, E6; discussion E6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta, E., Kaitala, V., 2005. Ecology. A leap for lion populations. Science 307, 365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
van de Waal, E., Borgeaud, C., Whiten, A., 2013. Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s foraging decisions. Science 340, 483–485.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bunce, M., Worthy, T.H., Ford, T., Hoppitt, W., Willerslev, E., Drummond, A., Cooper, A., 2003. Extreme reversed sexual size dimorphism in the extinct New Zealand moa Dinornis. Nature 425, 172–175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma, J.P., 2016. Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schmidt, A.U., Russello, G., Krontiris, I., Lian, S. (Eds.), 2012. Security and Privacy in Mobile Information and Communication Systems: 4th International Conference, MobiSec 2012, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, June 25-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, T., 2015. The Class that didn’t Quite Work, in: Crowhurst, M. (Ed.), Beginning Teachers: Reviewing Disastrous Lessons. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 29–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Band Uses The Humming Of Tesla Coils To Play Music [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/band-use-tesla-coils-play-music/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-98-29(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, E., 2010. An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Detroit Home Market Warms Up. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guo, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Guo, 2005; Ranta and Kaitala, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranta and Kaitala, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bunce et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628
Scope

Other styles