How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J., 2015. Cannabis: 4 big questions. Nature 525, S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, Y.-G., Chen, Z.-F., 2007. A gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the itch sensation in the spinal cord. Nature 448, 700–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambur, J.B., Novet, T., Parkinson, B.A., 2010. Multiple exciton collection in a sensitized photovoltaic system. Science 330, 63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Perfit, M.R., Cann, J.R., Fornari, D.J., Engels, J., Smith, D.K., Ridley, W.I., Edwards, M.H., 2003. Interaction of sea water and lava during submarine eruptions at mid-ocean ridges. Nature 426, 62–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T.T., Kasper, T., Melkko, S., 2005. 3G Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schilder, F., Katz, G., Pustejovsky, J. (Eds.), 2007. Annotating, Extracting and Reasoning about Time and Events: International Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, April 10-15, 2005. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Todor, D.A., 2016. Balloon Brachytherapy Physics, in: Montemaggi, P., Trombetta, M., Brady, L.W. (Eds.), Brachytherapy: An International Perspective, Medical Radiology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Stomach Ulcer Bacteria Evolve To Outwit Immune System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stomach-ulcer-bacteria-evolve-outwit-immune-system/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s Efforts to Ensure Bank Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant (No. T-AIMD-98-73). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teague, H.L., 2017. A Mixed Methods Study of Online Course Facilitators’ Perceptions of Mobile Technology, Design, and TPaCK Affordances (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E.A., 2014. Walking Away, Quietly. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gould, 2015; Sun and Chen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Chen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Perfit et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628
Scope

Other styles