How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiick, K.L., 2007. Materials science. Polymer therapeutics. Science 317, 1182–1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ho, C.-H., Chen, H.-H., 2014. Optically decomposed near-band-edge structure and excitonic transitions in Ga₂S₃. Sci. Rep. 4, 6143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkenburger, B.H., Barstow, K.L., Mintz, I.M., 2001. Dendrodendritic inhibition through reversal of dopamine transport. Science 293, 2465–2470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, Y., Chen, Y., Zou, H., Yuan, J., 2014. A fiber-based quasi-continuous-wave quantum key distribution system. Sci. Rep. 4, 4563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann, K., Balthaus, H., Braach, O., Friebel, W.-D., Hettler, A., Maidl, B., Meissner, M., Schuck, W., Schwaiger, S., Stephan, D., Thewes, M., Wittke-Schmitt, B., 2015. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Wiering, M., Otterlo, M. van (Eds.), 2012. Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art, Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Herbener, J., 2014. Fed Policy Errors of the Great Depression, in: Howden, D., Salerno, J.T. (Eds.), The Fed at One Hundred: A Critical View on the Federal Reserve System. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. These Three Sex Acts Are The Key To Female Orgasms, According To A New Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Better Management and More Resources Needed To Strengthen Federal Efforts To Improve Pregnancy Outcome (No. HRD-80-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, H., 2009. Parasitism of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae: Termitidae) by entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae: Heterorhabditidae) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Beyoncé and Radiohead to Headline Coachella. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiick, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ho and Chen, 2014; Kiick, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ho and Chen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628

Other styles