How to format your references using the Current Research in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2015. Electrochemistry: Liquid assets. Nature 526, S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdett, T.C., Freeman, M.R., 2014. Neuroscience. Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria. Science 345, 385–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, R.F., Carneiro, L.A., Canário, A.V.M., 2005. Behavioural endocrinology: no hormonal response in tied fights. Nature 437, 207–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bradshaw, N., Neher, S.B., Booth, D.S., Walter, P., 2009. Signal sequences activate the catalytic switch of SRP RNA. Science 323, 127–130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zelterman, D., 2005. Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
McAleer, J., Petley, C. (Eds.), 2016. The Royal Navy and the British Atlantic World, c. 1750–1820. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalouan, A., Michard, A., Kadiri, K.E., Negro, F., Lamotte, D.F. de, Soto, J.I., Saddiqi, O., 2008. The Rif Belt, in: Michard, André, Saddiqi, Omar, Chalouan, Ahmed, Lamotte, Dominique Frizon de (Eds.), Continental Evolution: The Geology of Morocco: Structure, Stratigraphy, and Tectonics of the Africa-Atlantic-Mediterranean Triple Junction, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 203–302.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Biotechnology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Fukushima Is Turning Into A Robot Graveyard After Multiple Probe Failures [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Air Pollution: EPA’s Efforts to Control Gasoline Vapors From Motor Vehicles (No. RCED-90-21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNamee, L., 2017. Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., 2015. Bicyclist Is Killed by Car Fleeing Court Police. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burdett and Freeman, 2014; Savage, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burdett and Freeman, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bradshaw et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Biotechnology
ISSN (print)2590-2628

Other styles