How to format your references using the Current Pulmonology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pulmonology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Elderfield H. Climate change. Carbonate mysteries. Science. 2002;296:1618–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gorkin DU, Ren B. Genetics: Closing the distance on obesity culprits. Nature. 2014;507:309–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Venkatesan M, Fitzgerald CB, Coey JMD. Thin films: unexpected magnetism in a dielectric oxide. Nature. 2004;430:630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Niskanen AO, Harrabi K, Yoshihara F, Nakamura Y, Lloyd S, Tsai JS. Quantum coherent tunable coupling of superconducting qubits. Science. 2007;316:723–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S. Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Sambells J, Gustafson A, editors. AdvancED DOM Scripting: Dynamic Web Design Techniques. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gerhard O, Wegg C. The Galactic Bar. In: Freeman K, Elmegreen B, Block D, Woolway M, editors. Lessons from the Local Group: A Conference in honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pulmonology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Washington, D.C. Is Actually Sinking [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Governmentwide Initiatives: Critical Issues Facing the Next Federal Telecommunications System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 May. Report No.: T-AIMD-94-114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nistal França FJ. Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Trying to Win A Campaign With Money And Nice Hair. New York Times. 2012 Feb 14;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pulmonology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pulmonol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2199-2428

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