How to format your references using the Current Pulmonology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pulmonology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zuk M. Evolution. Dance like no one is watching, sing like no one is listening? Science. 2010;328:1237–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Garnero EJ, Jeanloz R. GEOPHYSICS: Enhanced: Earth’s Enigmatic Interface. Science. 2000;289:70–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schweinfest R, Paxton AT, Finnis MW. Bismuth embrittlement of copper is an atomic size effect. Nature. 2004;432:1008–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rosmi MS, Yusop MZ, Kalita G, Yaakob Y, Takahashi C, Tanemura M. Visualizing copper assisted graphene growth in nanoscale. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Holmes JD. Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Mellouli K, editor. Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Singh NK, Patel DB. Microalgae for Bioremediation of Distillery Effluent. In: Lichtfouse E, editor. Farming for Food and Water Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pulmonology Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Oviraptorosaur Discovered at Railroad Construction Site in China [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Motor Carriers: Establishing System for Self-Reporting Equipment Problems Appears Feasible, but Safety Benefits Questionable and Costs Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Dec. Report No.: GAO-17-132.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yelkenci S. Algorithmic Music Composition Using Linear Algebra [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS. Love That Look, Wonder Woman. New York Times. 2010 Jul 5;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pulmonology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pulmonol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2199-2428

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