How to format your references using the Current Pulmonology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pulmonology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dalton R. Action urged to combat killer algae. Nature. 2001;412:260.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang GX, Poo M-M. Requirement of TRPC channels in netrin-1-induced chemotropic turning of nerve growth cones. Nature. 2005;434:898–904.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McKinnon L, Nol E, Juillet C. Arctic-nesting birds find physiological relief in the face of trophic constraints. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1816.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pellegrini L, Yu DS, Lo T, Anand S, Lee M, Blundell TL, et al. Insights into DNA recombination from the structure of a RAD51-BRCA2 complex. Nature. 2002;420:287–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. English JF. The Global Future of English Studies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Münch J, Yang Y, Schäfer W, editors. New Modeling Concepts for Today’s Software Processes: International Conference on Software Process, ICSP 2010, Paderborn, Germany, July 8-9, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Joyce RA. Critical Histories of Archaeological Practice: Latin American and North American Interpretations in a Honduran Context. In: Habu J, Fawcett C, Matsunaga JM, editors. Evaluating Multiple Narratives: Beyond Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist Archaeologies. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 56–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pulmonology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Are Humans Altruistic? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Technological and Regulatory Factors Affecting Consumer Choice of Internet Providers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Oct. Report No.: GAO-01-93.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gallegos CM. Shelter services for homeless older adults: A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J, Schlossberg T. Little Debating a Climate Divide. New York Times. 2016 Oct 17;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pulmonology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pulmonol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2199-2428

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