How to format your references using the Current Research in Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Research in Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman HN. Applied physics. Focus on x-ray diffraction. Science 2008;321:352–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin CD, Chu W-C. Physics. Controlling atomic line shapes. Science 2013;340:694–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng B, Zhang RQ, Shi XQ. New insight into the spin-conserving excitation of the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond. Sci Rep 2014;4:5144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo J, Simonson JW, Sun L, Wu Q, Gao P, Zhang C, et al. Observation of antiferromagnetic order collapse in the pressurized insulator LaMnPO. Sci Rep 2013;3:2555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinelli RJ, Milosevic DZ. Project Management ToolBox. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Aziz CE. In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Fix L, Grumberg O, Heyman A, Heyman T, Schuster A. Verifying Very Large Industrial Circuits Using 100 Processes and Beyond. In: Peled DA, Tsay Y-K, editors. Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis: Third International Symposium, ATVA 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, October 4-7, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 11–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Research in Translational Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew D. We Could Prevent Millions Of Cancer Deaths Each Year With Knowledge We Already Have. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: Description of Projects in DOD’s Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort PS. A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Galam S. Abstention, France’s last temptation. New York Times 2017:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Research in Translational Medicine
AbbreviationCurr. Res. Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2452-3186
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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