How to format your references using the Microbial Informatics and Experimentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Informatics and Experimentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Venemans B. Cosmology: A giant in the young Universe. Nature. 2015;518:490–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Camasso NM, Sanford MS. Design, synthesis, and carbon-heteroatom coupling reactions of organometallic nickel(IV) complexes. Science. 2015;347:1218–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lineweaver CH, Fenner Y, Gibson BK. The galactic habitable zone and the age distribution of complex life in the Milky Way. Science. 2004;303:59–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Okamoto H, Fukushima M, Teismann H, Lagemann L, Kitahara T, Inohara H, et al. Constraint-induced sound therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss--behavioral and neurophysiological outcomes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wright JR, Cooper JE. Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Manton M, Stevenson LA, editors. Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hirzalla M, Cleland-Huang J, Arsanjani A. A Metrics Suite for Evaluating Flexibility and Complexity in Service Oriented Architectures. In: Feuerlicht G, Lamersdorf W, editors. Service-Oriented Computing – ICSOC 2008 Workshops: ICSOC 2008 International Workshops, Sydney, Australia, December 1st, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Informatics and Experimentation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Common Antimicrobial Soap Ingredient Linked To Liver Disease. IFLScience. 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Reports and Testimony: August 1991. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McPherson CA. Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Robinson L. Christians and Muslims. New York Times. 2010;:BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Informatics and Experimentation
ISSN (print)2042-5783
Scope

Other styles