How to format your references using the Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reed JC. Cancer. Priming cancer cells for death. Science. 2011;334:1075–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Duncan RP, Williams PA. Ecology: Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis challenged. Nature. 2002;417:608–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Contreras M, Ceric F, Torrealba F. Inactivation of the interoceptive insula disrupts drug craving and malaise induced by lithium. Science. 2007;318:655–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Radu I, Vahaplar K, Stamm C, Kachel T, Pontius N, Dürr HA, et al. Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins. Nature. 2011;472:205–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Marx FG, Lambert O, Uhen MD. Cetacean Paleobiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Chan VL, Sherman PM, Bourke B, editors. Bacterial Genomes and Infectious Diseases. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stanley KO, Lehman J. The Interesting and the Novel. In: Lehman J, editor. Why Greatness Cannot Be Planned: The Myth of the Objective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 39–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The World’s Happiest Countries Of 2017 Have Been Revealed [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-worlds-happiest-countries-of-2017-have-been-revealed/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Feb. Report No.: GAO-05-324.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fetterolf-Klein S. Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Turkewitz J, Stolberg SG, Eligon J, Blinder A. Before the Gunfire in Virginia, A Volatile Home Life in Illinois. New York Times. 2017 Jun 17;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Phys. Med. Rehabil. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4833
Scope

Other styles