How to format your references using the Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ohman A. Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity? Science. 2005;309:711–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jung H, Karato S. Water-induced fabric transitions in olivine. Science. 2001;293:1460–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Buffetaut E, Martill D, Escuillié F. Pterosaurs as part of a spinosaur diet. Nature. 2004;430:33.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jin C, Kim J, Utama MIB, Regan EC, Kleemann H, Cai H, et al. Imaging of pure spin-valley diffusion current in WS2-WSe2 heterostructures. Science. 2018;360:893–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schütz H, Wiedemann PM, Hennings W, Mertens J, Clauberg M. Comparative Risk Assessment. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
1. Calmet J, Ida T, Wang D, editors. Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation: 8th International Conference, AISC 2006 Beijing, China, September 20-22, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sommerschuh S, Kirchner M, Gliese N. Immunochemical Methods for the Detection of Midkine in Samples of Human Origin. In: Ergüven M, Muramatsu T, Bilir A, editors. Midkine: From Embryogenesis to Pathogenesis and Therapy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Wolves Cooperate With Each Other, Dogs Form Hierarchies. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages With Either Pregnancy or School Dropout. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jan. Report No.: PEMD-91-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bryant JD. The Investigation of Self-Determination in Students Participating in Higher Education with an Invisible Disability [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker AL, McKINLEY JC Jr. F.B.I. Agent Checking On Grenade Hurt in Blast. New York Times. 2017 Aug 16;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Phys. Med. Rehabil. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4833
Scope

Other styles