How to format your references using the The Journal of Agricultural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Agricultural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warren, W.S. (2001). Nuclear magnetic resonance. Multidimensional symmetry in a three-dimensional world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294, 1475–1476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evan, G.I. & Vousden, K.H. (2001). Proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in cancer. Nature, 411, 342–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen, B., Turrell, W.R. & Østerhus, S. (2001). Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature, 411, 927–930.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Postberg, F., Khawaja, N., Abel, B., Choblet, G., Glein, C.R., Gudipati, M.S., Henderson, B.L., Hsu, H.-W., Kempf, S., Klenner, F., Moragas-Klostermeyer, G., Magee, B., Nölle, L., Perry, M., Reviol, R., Schmidt, J., Srama, R., Stolz, F., Tobie, G., Trieloff, M. & Waite, J.H. (2018). Macromolecular organic compounds from the depths of Enceladus. Nature, 558, 564–568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cornier, J., Owen, A., Kwade, A. & Van de Voorde, M. (2017). Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology: Innovation and Production. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Koyamada, K., Tamura, S. & Ono, O. (eds). (2007). Systems Modeling and Simulation: Theory and Applications, Asia Simulation Conference 2006. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Reiter, D. (2008). The Monte Carlo Method for Particle Transport Problems. In Computational Many-Particle Physics Lecture Notes in Physics. (Eds H. Fehske, R. Schneider, & A. Weiße), pp. 141–158. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Agricultural Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). How Snakes Became Resistant To Their Toxic Newt Prey,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Food and Drug Administration: Effect of User Fees on Drug Approval Times, Withdrawals, and Other Agency Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahebjame, M. (2012). Marriage: An Authentic Iranian Experience of the Modern. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1995). The Neediest Cases; Chasing Her Dream Through Education. New York Times, 126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warren 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Evan & Vousden 2001; Warren 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Evan & Vousden 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Postberg et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Agricultural Science
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8596
ISSN (online)1469-5146
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles