How to format your references using the The Journal of Agricultural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Agricultural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, K.J. (2013). Sustainability: A green light for efficiency. Nature, 497, 560–561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J. & Bradford, M. (2006). 2006 Visualization Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldman, M.W., Lewontin, R.C. & King, M.-C. (2003). Race: a genetic melting-pot. Nature, 424, 374.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cubukcu, E., Aydin, K., Ozbay, E., Foteinopoulou, S. & Soukoulis, C.M. (2003). Electromagnetic waves: Negative refraction by photonic crystals. Nature, 423, 604–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abulencia, J.P. & Theodore, L. (2015). Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Breslin, J.G. (2009). The Social Semantic Web (Eds A. Passant & S. Decker). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Quttineh, N.-H., Larsson, T., Lundberg, K. & Holmberg, K. (2013). Effect Oriented Planning of Joint Attacks. In Optimization Theory, Decision Making, and Operations Research Applications: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium and 10th Balkan Conference on Operational Research Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. (Eds A. Migdalas, A. Sifaleras, C.K. Georgiadis, J. Papathanasiou, & E. Stiakakis), pp. 49–70. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Agricultural Science.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited, J.E. (2015). An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. (2004). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Demoted To ‘Not Free’. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Nesbit & Bradford 2006; Gaston 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit & Bradford 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cubukcu et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Agricultural Science
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8596
ISSN (online)1469-5146
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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