How to format your references using the The Journal of Agricultural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Agricultural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2002). Japan plans web of English journals. Nature, 419, 868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat, S. & Shifman, S. (2014). Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature, 512, E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelupessy, P., Rennella, E. & Bodenhausen, G. (2009). High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 1693–1697.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mark, D.F., Parnell, J., Kelley, S.P., Lee, M., Sherlock, S.C. & Carr, A. (2005). Dating of multistage fluid flow in sandstones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 2048–2051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bates, J., Gallon, C., Bocci, M., Walker, S. & Taylor, T. (2006). Converged Multimedia Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay, C., Akhilesh, K.B., Srinivasan, R., Gurtoo, A., Ramachandran, P., Iyer, P.P., Mathirajan, M. & Bala Subrahmanya, M.H. (eds). (2013). Driving the Economy through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Emerging Agenda for Technology Management. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Krawiec, K. & Liskowski, P. (2015). Automatic Derivation of Search Objectives for Test-Based Genetic Programming. In Genetic Programming: 18th European Conference, EuroGP 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 8-10, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (Eds P. Machado, M.I. Heywood, J. McDermott, M. Castelli, P. García-Sánchez, P. Burelli, S. Risi, & K. Sim), pp. 53–65. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Agricultural Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). The Center Of Our Galaxy Smells Like Raspberries And Tastes Like Rum,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perelygin, K. (2012). Developing Physics Simulations with OpenCL on a Graphics Processing Unit. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016). Waiting for a Pastor, Not a Prince. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Shohat & Shifman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shohat & Shifman 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mark et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Agricultural Science
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8596
ISSN (online)1469-5146
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles