How to format your references using the The Journal of Agricultural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Agricultural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Laying a firm foundation for interdisciplinary research endeavours. Nature, 406, 107–108.
A journal article with 2 authors
Futahashi, R. & Fujiwara, H. (2008). Juvenile hormone regulates butterfly larval pattern switches. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCauley, E., Nelson, W.A. & Nisbet, R.M. (2008). Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature, 455, 1240–1243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Edwards, J.K., Solsona, B., N, E.N., Carley, A.F., Herzing, A.A., Kiely, C.J. & Hutchings, G.J. (2009). Switching off hydrogen peroxide hydrogenation in the direct synthesis process. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 1037–1041.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. (2008). Understanding Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gasparini, G. & Hayes, D.F. (eds). (2006). Biomarkers in Breast Cancer: Molecular Diagnostics for Predicting and Monitoring Therapeutic Effect. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Michel-Schertges, D. (2015). Free Choice of Education? Capabilities, Possibility Spaces, and Incapacitations of Education, Labor, and the Way of Living One Values. In Facing Trajectories from School to Work: Towards a Capability-Friendly Youth Policy in Europe Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. (Eds H.-U. Otto, R. Atzmüller, T. Berthet, L. Bifulco, J.-M. Bonvin, E. Chiappero-Martinetti, V. Egdell, B. Halleröd, C.C. Kjeldsen, M. Kwiek, R. Schröer, J. Vero, & M. Zieleńska), pp. 73–86. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Agricultural Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Graphene Could Double Electricity Generated From Solar


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves, K.A. (2012). An Exploration of Organizational Commitment among Generation X Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. (2016). Chandeliers. New York Times, RE13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Futahashi & Fujiwara 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Futahashi & Fujiwara 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Edwards et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Agricultural Science
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8596
ISSN (online)1469-5146
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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