How to format your references using the The Journal of Agricultural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Agricultural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beal, M.F. (2010). Parkinson’s disease: a model dilemma. Nature, 466, S8-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Okubo, C.H. & McEwen, A.S. (2007). Fracture-controlled paleo-fluid flow in Candor Chasma, Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmith, T., Johansen, S. & Thejll, P. (2007). Comment on ‘A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317, 1866; author reply 1866.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shrestha, V.R., Lee, S.-S., Kim, E.-S. & Choi, D.-Y. (2014). Non-iridescent transmissive structural color filter featuring highly efficient transmission and high excitation purity. Scientific reports, 4, 4921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abulencia, J.P. & Theodore, L. (2015). Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sporre, K. & Mannberg, J. (eds). (2011). Values, Religions and Education in Changing Societies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tal, M.C. & Iwasaki, A. (2009). Autophagy and Innate Recognition Systems. In Autophagy in Infection and Immunity Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. (Eds B. Levine, T. Yoshimori, & V. Deretic), pp. 107–121. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Agricultural Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). When Should You Take Antibiotics?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Basis for Approval of Federal Impact Aid Funds for Adelanto School District, California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleicher, J. (2008). Scenario Methods as a Means for Enhancing Organizational Learning: A Delphi Study. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). Teaching Tour Guides the Trivia Behind the Trivia. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beal 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Okubo & McEwen 2007; Beal 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Okubo & McEwen 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Shrestha et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Agricultural Science
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-8596
ISSN (online)1469-5146
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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