How to format your references using the Current Pain and Headache Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pain and Headache Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wade MJ. Evolution. Constraints on sexual selection. Science. 2012;338:749–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kundu P, Pettersson S. Immunology: Mammalian watchdog targets bacteria. Nature. 2014;512:377–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wolf SM, Annas GJ, Elias S. Point-counterpoint. Patient autonomy and incidental findings in clinical genomics. Science. 2013;340:1049–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li X, Zhu J, Man Z, Ao Y, Chen H. Investigation on the structure and upconversion fluorescence of Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped fluorapatite crystals for potential biomedical applications. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Speight JG. Rules of Thumb for Petroleum Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Stolerman IP, Price LH, editors. Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Moore E, Likarish D. A Cyber Security Multi Agency Collaboration for Rapid Response that Uses AGILE Methods on an Education Infrastructure. In: Bishop M, Miloslavskaya N, Theocharidou M, editors. Information Security Education Across the Curriculum: 9th IFIP WG 118 World Conference, WISE 9, Hamburg, Germany, May 26-28, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pain and Headache Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Divers Encounter Enormous Ocean Sunfish. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Additional Funds for Terminating the Super Collider Are Not Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: RCED-94-153.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ramakrishnan T. Rehabilitating Asymmetric Gait Using Asymmetry [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J. Counting Green: How to Measure Your Carbon Tire Print. New York Times. 2016 Sep 28;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pain and Headache Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pain Headache Rep.
ISSN (print)1531-3433
ISSN (online)1534-3081
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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