How to format your references using the Current Pain and Headache Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pain and Headache Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Friedman MA. Public health. Strengthening the FDA. Science. 2002;298:2332.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Solozhenko VL, Kurakevych OO. Equilibrium p-T phase diagram of boron: experimental study and thermodynamic analysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2351.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yamaguchi M, Shiga M, Kaburaki H. Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system. Science. 2005;307:393–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Loncarek J, Kisurina-Evgenieva O, Vinogradova T, Hergert P, La Terra S, Kapoor TM, et al. The centromere geometry essential for keeping mitosis error free is controlled by spindle forces. Nature. 2007;450:745–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Crane L. Knowledge and Discourse Matters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Nowicka M, Šerbedžija V, editors. Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sharif A. School Capacity the Neglected Paradigm in EFA Movement. In: Tatto MT, editor. Learning and Doing Policy Analysis in Education: Examining Diverse Approaches to Increasing Educational Access. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 61–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pain and Headache Reports.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Robot Rights: At What Point Should An Intelligent Machine Be Considered A “Person’? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/robot-rights-at-what-point-should-an-intelligent-machine-be-considered-a-person/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Obtaining Care for Chronically Ill Children in the Home Based Setting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 May. Report No.: T-HRD-88-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yamada T. Comparison of cognitively diagnostic adaptive testing algorithms [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Deconstructing the Legend of Choo Choo. New York Times. 2012 Jan 24;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pain and Headache Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pain Headache Rep.
ISSN (print)1531-3433
ISSN (online)1534-3081
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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