How to format your references using the Games and Economic Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games and Economic Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bianco, P., 2013. Don’t market stem-cell products ahead of proof. Nature 499, 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwalb, N.K., Temps, F., 2008. Base sequence and higher-order structure induce the complex excited-state dynamics in DNA. Science 322, 243–245.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldon, D.F., Maher, M.A., Timmerman, B.E., 2010. Graduate education. Performance-based data in the study of STEM Ph.D. education. Science 329, 282–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Denver, D.R., Morris, K., Lynch, M., Thomas, W.K., 2004. High mutation rate and predominance of insertions in the Caenorhabditis elegans nuclear genome. Nature 430, 679–682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, R., 2005. Rational Choice and Judgment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ohkawa, T., Tawada, M., Okamura, M., Nomura, R. (Eds.), 2016. Regional Free Trade Areas and Strategic Trade Policies, New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Hill, K.M., Luft, J.A., 2015. Exploring Beginning Teachers’ Content Knowledge, in: Luft, J.A., Dubois, S.L. (Eds.), Newly Hired Teachers of Science: A Better Beginning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games and Economic Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bizarre Fish Monsters Are Raining Down From The Sky In Alaska [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: A Testing Guide (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.21) (No. AIMD-10.1.21). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B., 2013. The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2017. The Harpsichordist With a Chip on His Keyboard. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bianco, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco, 2013; Schwalb and Temps, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwalb and Temps, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Denver et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGames and Economic Behavior
AbbreviationGames Econ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0899-8256
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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