How to format your references using the Games and Economic Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games and Economic Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trenberth, K., 2005. Climate. Uncertainty in hurricanes and global warming. Science 308, 1753–1754.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perea, G., Araque, A., 2007. Astrocytes potentiate transmitter release at single hippocampal synapses. Science 317, 1083–1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee, R.A., Walker, F.J., Chisholm, M.F., 2001. Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science 293, 468–471.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Giasson, B.I., Forman, M.S., Higuchi, M., Golbe, L.I., Graves, C.L., Kotzbauer, P.T., Trojanowski, J.Q., Lee, V.M.-Y., 2003. Initiation and synergistic fibrillization of tau and alpha-synuclein. Science 300, 636–640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fasano, A., 2014. Engineer Your Own Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sundmacher, R. (Ed.), 2009. Color Atlas of Herpetic Eye Diseases: A Practical Guide to Clinical Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Acebes, C., Harvie, J.P., 2015. Psoriatic Arthritis, in: El Miedany, Y. (Ed.), Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 107–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games and Economic Behavior.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Study Reveals Shocking Ways British Anatomists Used To Obtain Child Corpses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Coordination of Computerized Information Systems Reporting on Active Research Efforts (No. B-115398). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D., 2010. The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zraick, K., Gladstone, R., 2016. Prisoner Swap With Iran Doesn’t Necessarily Mean Iran Gets Anyone. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trenberth, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Perea and Araque, 2007; Trenberth, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perea and Araque, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Giasson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGames and Economic Behavior
AbbreviationGames Econ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0899-8256
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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