How to format your references using the Games and Economic Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games and Economic Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning, D.P., 2001. The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature 413, 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gollisch, T., Meister, M., 2008. Rapid neural coding in the retina with relative spike latencies. Science 319, 1108–1111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perner, J., Mauer, M.C., Hildenbrand, M., 2011. Identity: key to children’s understanding of belief. Science 333, 474–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pecho-Vrieseling, E., Sigrist, M., Yoshida, Y., Jessell, T.M., Arber, S., 2009. Specificity of sensory-motor connections encoded by Sema3e-Plxnd1 recognition. Nature 459, 842–846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utas, G., 2006. Robust Communications Software. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pfeiffer, S., 2015. Beginning HTML5 Media: Make the most of the new video and audio standards for the Web. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishnupuri, K.S., Mishra, M.K., 2016. Epigenetics of Colorectal Cancer, in: Mishra, M.K., Bishnupuri, K.S. (Eds.), Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 97–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games and Economic Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Mammals Began To Take Over The World Long Before The Dinosaurs Perished [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of Public Television (No. AFMD-85-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, C.C., 2017. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Tennessee Set to Drop Tax. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Domning, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Domning, 2001; Gollisch and Meister, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gollisch and Meister, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pecho-Vrieseling et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGames and Economic Behavior
AbbreviationGames Econ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0899-8256
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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