How to format your references using the Games and Economic Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games and Economic Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huang, K.G., 2010. Intellectual property. China’s innovation landscape. Science 329, 632–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2005. The problems of radiocarbon dating. Science 308, 1551–3; author reply 1551-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, D.T., Judge, K.A., Kelly, C.D., 2010. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature 466, E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Steel, G.J., Fullerton, D.M., Tyson, J.R., Stirling, C.J., 2004. Coordinated activation of Hsp70 chaperones. Science 303, 98–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Briffaut, J.-P., 2015. E-Enabled Operations Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nóbrega, C., Rodriguez-López, R. (Eds.), 2014. Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruggeri, T., Sugiyama, M., 2015. RET of Rarefied Monatomic Gas, in: Sugiyama, M. (Ed.), Rational Extended Thermodynamics beyond the Monatomic Gas. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games and Economic Behavior.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. EPA Finds 97% Of Endangered Species In US Threatened By Two Common Pesticides [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Head Start: Research Insufficient to Assess Program Impact (No. T-HEHS-98-126). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N.M., 2009. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. The Surrounding Scene; It Seemed Like Donahue. But With Bush, Clinton and Perot, It Sure Wasn’t. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Blaauw and Christen, 2005; Huang, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blaauw and Christen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Steel et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGames and Economic Behavior
AbbreviationGames Econ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0899-8256
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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