How to format your references using the Games and Economic Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games and Economic Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGill, B.J., 2006. Ecology. A renaissance in the study of abundance. Science 314, 770–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golder, S.A., Macy, M.W., 2011. Diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures. Science 333, 1878–1881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Runyon, J.B., Mescher, M.C., De Moraes, C.M., 2006. Volatile chemical cues guide host location and host selection by parasitic plants. Science 313, 1964–1967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Calais, E., Mattioli, G., DeMets, C., Nocquet, J.-M., Stein, S., Newman, A., Rydelek, P., 2005. Seismology: tectonic strain in plate interiors? Nature 438, E9-10; discussion E10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P., 2007. Modern Engineering Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bacha, S., 2014. Power Electronic Converters Modeling and Control: with Case Studies, Advanced Textbooks in Control and Signal Processing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Kriglstein, S., Brown, R., Wallner, G., 2014. Workflow Patterns as a Means to Model Task Succession in Games: A Preliminary Case Study, in: Pisan, Y., Sgouros, N.M., Marsh, T. (Eds.), Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2014: 13th International Conference, ICEC 2014, Sydney, Australia, October 1-3, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games and Economic Behavior.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Why More Sharks Don’t Invade Freshwater Lakes and Rivers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Unanswered Questions on Educating Handicapped Children in Local Public Schools (No. HRD-81-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chirwa, K.U., 2017. Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico Development Bank Goes to Court for $400 Million in Taxes. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGill, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Golder and Macy, 2011; McGill, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golder and Macy, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Calais et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGames and Economic Behavior
AbbreviationGames Econ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0899-8256
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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