How to format your references using the Current Osteoporosis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Osteoporosis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Blatter G. Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature. 2000;406:25–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Destexhe A, Contreras D. Neuronal computations with stochastic network states. Science. 2006;314:85–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kinoshita T, Wenger T, Weiss DS. A quantum Newton’s cradle. Nature. 2006;440:900–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bull MJ, Jolley KA, Bray JE, Aerts M, Vandamme P, Maiden MCJ, et al. The domestication of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox C. An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Awrejcewicz J, Kaliński KJ, Szewczyk R, Kaliczyńska M, editors. Mechatronics: Ideas, Challenges, Solutions and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Feller D, Kamareddine F, Burski L. Using MathLang to Check the Correctness of Specifications in Object-Z. In: Singh VK, Srivastava HM, Venturino E, Resch M, Gupta V, editors. Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology: M3HPCST, Ghaziabad, India, December 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 45–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Osteoporosis Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Two Steps Forward for Quantum Computing [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/two-steps-forward-quantum-computing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Issues in Allocating Costs for Air Traffic Services to DOD and Other Users. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-106.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Borchardt GM. Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly J. Betterton, Generously, Still Calls Itself a Resort; Betterton Still Calls Itself a Resort. New York Times. 1972 Aug 27;TRAVEL AND RESORTSXX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Osteoporos. Rep.
ISSN (print)1544-1873
ISSN (online)1544-2241
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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