How to format your references using the Current Osteoporosis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Osteoporosis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schrag DP. Of ice and elephants. Nature. 2000;404:23–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Knorr G, Lohmann G. Southern Ocean origin for the resumption of Atlantic thermohaline circulation during deglaciation. Nature. 2003;424:532–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Miyazaki T, Sueyoshi K, Hiraga T. Olivine crystals align during diffusion creep of Earth’s upper mantle. Nature. 2013;502:321–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Christians E, Davis AA, Thomas SD, Benjamin IJ. Maternal effect of Hsf1 on reproductive success. Nature. 2000;407:693–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ocic O. Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Kumar H. Rapid Game Development Using Cocos2d-JS: An end-to-end guide to 2D game development using JavaScript. Rahman A, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Williams NWECJRL, Paul T. Giving Voice to Science from two Perspectives. In: Yore LD, Flier-Keller EV der, Blades DW, Pelton TW, Zandvliet DB, editors. Pacific CRYSTAL Centre for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Literacy: Lessons Learned. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011. p. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Osteoporosis Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. World War I To The Age Of The Cyborg: The Surprising History Of Prosthetic Limbs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/world-war-i-to-the-age-of-the-cyborg-the-surprising-history-of-prosthetic-limbs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Information on Driver Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Aug. Report No.: RCED-89-163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Felarca CU. A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. The City Awakens. New York Times. 2017 Mar 16;MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Osteoporos. Rep.
ISSN (print)1544-1873
ISSN (online)1544-2241
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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