How to format your references using the Current Osteoporosis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Osteoporosis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Garwin L. Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 4. Nature. 2005;433:579.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Saks MJ, Koehler JJ. The coming paradigm shift in forensic identification science. Science. 2005;309:892–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dalli J, Colas RA, Serhan CN. Novel n-3 immunoresolvents: structures and actions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1940.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Said M, Cappiello C, Devaney JM, Podini D, Beres AL, Vukmanovic S, et al. Genomics in premature infants: a non-invasive strategy to obtain high-quality DNA. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kuzmeski M. The Connectors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Dillenburg SR. Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil. Hesp PA, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vasanthaiah HKN, Thangadurai D, Basha SM, Biradar DP, Kambiranda D, Louime C. Muscadiniana. In: Kole C, editor. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Temperate Fruits. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Osteoporosis Reports.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Here’s What Actually Happens When You Have An Abortion [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/heres-what-actually-happens-when-you-have-an-abortion/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jan. Report No.: GAO-07-225T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Huang J. Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Midnight at the Oasis, as Restaurant’s Lease Is Withdrawn. New York Times. 2000 Jul 9;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Osteoporos. Rep.
ISSN (print)1544-1873
ISSN (online)1544-2241
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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