How to format your references using the Current Osteoporosis Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Osteoporosis Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shaw RJ. Cell biology. GATORs take a bite out of mTOR. Science. 2013;340:1056–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Daubin V, Moran NA. Comment on “The origins of genome complexity.” Science. 2004;306:978; author reply 978.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Doligez B, Danchin E, Clobert J. Public information and breeding habitat selection in a wild bird population. Science. 2002;297:1168–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Konishi Y, Stegmüller J, Matsuda T, Bonni S, Bonni A. Cdh1-APC controls axonal growth and patterning in the mammalian brain. Science. 2004;303:1026–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Huddleston R. Android® Fully Loaded. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Cercignani C, Gabetta E, editors. Transport Phenomena and Kinetic Theory: Applications to Gases, Semiconductors, Photons, and Biological Systems. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Richter K-F, Winter S. Computational Aspects: How Landmarks Can Be Observed, Stored, and Analysed. In: Winter S, editor. Landmarks: GIScience for Intelligent Services. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 137–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Osteoporosis Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Study Claims $28 Billion A Year Is Spent On Biomedical Research That Can’t Be Reproduced [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/28-billion-year-spent-biomedical-research-can-t-be-reproduced/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jun. Report No.: GAO-04-700.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hardin J. A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Allowing the Math-Challenged To Savor the Coffee at Tip Time. New York Times. 2000 Nov 26;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Osteoporos. Rep.
ISSN (print)1544-1873
ISSN (online)1544-2241
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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