How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Potenza M. Perspective: Behavioural addictions matter. Nature. 2015;522:S62.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kuroda H, Maliga P. The plastid clpP1 protease gene is essential for plant development. Nature. 2003;425:86–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Papp B, Pál C, Hurst LD. Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature. 2003;424:194–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gonçalves G, Vila M, Bdikin I, de Andrés A, Emami N, Ferreira RAS, et al. Breakdown into nanoscale of graphene oxide: confined hot spot atomic reduction and fragmentation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stahl S, Stenson C. Introduction to Topology and Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Domingo-Ferrer J, editor. Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2014, Ibiza, Spain, September 17-19, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Resch K. Cytokines. In: Nijkamp FP, Parnham MJ, editors. Principles of Immunopharmacology. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2005. p. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Switzerland Could be Receiving Post by Drone. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/switzerland-could-be-receiving-post-drone/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dougherty MH. Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Blinder A. A Cheeseburger, a Suburban Traffic Stop and a Ticket for Eating While Driving. New York Times. 2015;:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genomics
ISSN (online)1755-8794
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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