How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Angrist M. Genetic privacy needs a more nuanced approach. Nature. 2013;494:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Crudgington HS, Siva-Jothy MT. Genital damage, kicking and early death. Nature. 2000;407:855–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Khatiwala S, Primeau F, Hall T. Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature. 2009;462:346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pezzoli M, Elhamdani A, Camacho S, Meystre J, González SM, le Coutre J, et al. Dampened neural activity and abolition of epileptic-like activity in cortical slices by active ingredients of spices. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Soustelle M. Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Capillary Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Leite J, Torroni P, Ågotnes T, Boella G, Torre L van der, editors. Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 12th International Workshop, CLIMA XII, Barcelona, Spain, July 17-18, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nakagawa H. Quality Control of Cultured Fish by Feed Supplements. In: Ceccaldi H-J, Dekeyser I, Girault M, Stora G, editors. Global Change: Mankind-Marine Environment Interactions: Proceedings of the 13th French-Japanese Oceanography Symposium. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 31–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genomics.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Tracking American Eels On The Open Sea To Crack The Mystery Of Their Migration. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tracking-american-eels-on-the-open-sea-to-crack-the-mystery-of-their-migration/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Management Agenda for the Presidential and Congressional Transition: Promote Transparency and Open Government to Enhance Civic Engagement and Foster Innovation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shabalin AA. Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Back of Rotation Helps Mets Get First Exhibition Win. New York Times. 2017;:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genomics
ISSN (online)1755-8794
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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