How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reichhardt T. NASA ponders termination of gamma-ray observatory. Nature. 2000;403:232.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Seelig B, Szostak JW. Selection and evolution of enzymes from a partially randomized non-catalytic scaffold. Nature. 2007;448:828–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ahn CH, Rabe KM, Triscone J-M. Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science. 2004;303:488–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Amelung F, Yun S-H, Walter TR, Segall P, Kim S-W. Stress control of deep rift intrusion at Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii. Science. 2007;316:1026–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Silva Elipe MV. LC-NMR and Other Hyphenated NMR Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Yang G-Z, Jiang T, Shen D, Gu L, Yang J, editors. Medical Imaging and Augmented Reality: Third International Workshop, Shanghai, China, August 17-18, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yahalom J, Rimner A, Tsang RW. Salvage Therapy for Relapsed and Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma. In: Specht L, Yahalom J, editors. Radiotherapy for Hodgkin Lymphoma. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Very Useful Art Of Assessing A Supervolcano Without Making It Erupt. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/very-useful-art-assessing-supervolcano-without-making-it-erupt/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Suggested Areas for Oversight for the 110th Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Matsuda T. Computational proposal for locating local defects in superconducting tapes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times. 2013;:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genomics
ISSN (online)1755-8794
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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