How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Javerzat J-P. Molecular biology. Directing the centromere guardian. Science. 2010;327:150–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cunningham EJ, Russell AF. Egg investment is influenced by male attractiveness in the mallard. Nature. 2000;404:74–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gerke J, Lorenz K, Cohen B. Genetic interactions between transcription factors cause natural variation in yeast. Science. 2009;323:498–501.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xu W, Zhang H, Li G, Wu Z. Nickel-cobalt bimetallic anode catalysts for direct urea fuel cell. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McKean J. Customer’s New Voice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Perbal A, Takigawa M, Perbal B, editors. CCN Proteins in Health and Disease: An Overview of the Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Endrullis J, Grabmayer C, Hendriks D, Klop JW, de Vrijer R. Proving Infinitary Normalization. In: Berardi S, Damiani F, de’Liguoro U, editors. Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 64–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover Species Of Frog That Gives Birth To Live Tadpoles. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-discover-first-known-species-frog-give-birth-tadpoles/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Belic B. Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Markoff J. Exploring the Sea, No Sailors Needed. New York Times. 2016;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genomics
ISSN (online)1755-8794
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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