How to format your references using the BMC Medical Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Medical Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ozbay E. Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions. Science. 2006;311:189–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mehta R, Zhu RJ. Blue or red? Exploring the effect of color on cognitive task performances. Science. 2009;323:1226–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thompson JK, Rainville S, Pritchard DE. Cyclotron frequency shifts arising from polarization forces. Nature. 2004;430:58–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Krattinger SG, Lagudah ES, Spielmeyer W, Singh RP, Huerta-Espino J, McFadden H, et al. A putative ABC transporter confers durable resistance to multiple fungal pathogens in wheat. Science. 2009;323:1360–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ruske W. Verlag Chemie 1921-1971. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 1971.
An edited book
1. Sung K, Pederson R, editors. Critical ELT Practices in Asia. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stein JK. Geoarchaeology and Archaeostratigraphy View from a Northwest Coast Shell Midden. In: Reitz EJ, Scudder SJ, Scarry CM, editors. Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Medical Genomics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Titan’s Atmosphere May Have Formed Before Saturn. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/titans-atmosphere-may-have-formed-saturn/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Edwards CD. Migration: Lighting to evoke human responses. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Jersey City Show Features a Twist. New York Times. 2002;:89.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Medical Genomics
AbbreviationBMC Med. Genomics
ISSN (online)1755-8794
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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