How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sincell M: NanoManipulator Lets Chemists Go Mano a Mano With Molecules. Science 2000, 290:1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mappes J, Lindström L: Ecology. How did the cuckoo get its polymorphic plumage? Science 2012, 337:532–533.
A journal article with 3 authors
Advani MJ, Rajagopalan M, Reddy PH: Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection. Sci Rep 2014, 4:6861.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Waltereit P, Brandt O, Trampert A, Grahn HT, Menniger J, Ramsteiner M, Reiche M, Ploog KH: Nitride semiconductors free of electrostatic fields for efficient white light-emitting diodes. Nature 2000, 406:865–868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker AA: Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Privat M: Beginning OS X Lion Apps Development. Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Adamson G: ‘The Most Horrible of Evils’: Social Responses to Drought and Famine in the Bombay Presidency, 1782–1857. In Natural Hazards and Peoples in the Indian Ocean World: Bordering on Danger. Edited by Bankoff G, Christensen J. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:79–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Structural Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: Brain Activity Seen In Patient Ten Minutes After Death. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding H: Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water. 2012,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Correal A, Schmidt S: Pain and Anxiety Linger in Aftermath of a Blast. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)0959-440X
ISSN (online)1879-033X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology

Other styles