How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H: Transgenic salmon still out in the cold in United States. Nature 2003, 421:304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski PG, Isozaki Y: Geology. The story of O2. Science 2008, 322:540–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callier V, Clack JA, Ahlberg PE: Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science 2009, 324:364–367.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nicastro F, Mathur S, Elvis M, Drake J, Fang T, Fruscione A, Krongold Y, Marshall H, Williams R, Zezas A: The mass of the missing baryons in the X-ray forest of the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Nature 2005, 433:495–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer E: Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Adhikari R, Thapa S (Eds): Infectious Diseases and Nanomedicine II: First International Conference (ICIDN – 2012), Dec. 15-18, 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal. Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Griesinger C, Desprez B, Coecke S, Casey W, Zuang V: Validation of Alternative In Vitro Methods to Animal Testing: Concepts, Challenges, Processes and Tools. In Validation of Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing. Edited by Eskes C, Whelan M. Springer International Publishing; 2016:65–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Structural Biology.

Blog post
Andrews R: Why You Should Pee In The Shower, According To Mathematics. IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis KS: Secular spiritual quests in modern American novels, 1922–1960. 2010,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G: Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times 2010,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)0959-440X
ISSN (online)1879-033X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology

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