How to format your references using the IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. A. Hutchings, “Collapse and recovery of marine fishes,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6798, pp. 882–885, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. K. Grasset and A. Cerutti, “Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6216, pp. 1454–1455, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.-L. Hung, V. Gurarie, and C. Chin, “From cosmology to cold atoms: observation of Sakharov oscillations in a quenched atomic superfluid,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6151, pp. 1213–1215, Sep. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Markovitsi, F. Talbot, T. Gustavsson, D. Onidas, E. Lazzarotto, and S. Marguet, “Molecular spectroscopy: complexity of excited-state dynamics in DNA,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7094, pp. E7; discussion E8, Jun. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Chitty and A. Raftery, Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
L. Ambrosio, Gradient Flows: in Metric Spaces and in the Space of Probability Measures. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
F. C. Delicato, P. F. Pires, and T. Batista, “The Programming and Execution Module (PEM),” in Middleware Solutions for the Internet of Things, P. F. Pires and T. Batista, Eds. London: Springer, 2013, pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “This Awkward Feathered Dinosaur Was Almost Blown Up By Dynamite,” IFLScience, 11-Nov-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Test and Evaluation: Description of Projects in DOD’s Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-91-111S, May 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. A. Oliva, “Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. H. Howe, “Mandan Territory,” New York Times, p. REVIEW OF BOOKSBR642, 24-Sep-1904.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Electromagn. Compat. Mag.
ISSN (print)2162-2264
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles