How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheeran, Josette. “Preventing Hunger: Sustainability Not Aid.” Nature 479, no. 7374 (November 23, 2011): 469–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, Laury, and Bruce C. Douglas. “Mass and Volume Contributions to Twentieth-Century Global Sea Level Rise.” Nature 428, no. 6981 (March 25, 2004): 406–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C., Maria T. Zuber, and W. Bruce Banerdt. “The Borealis Basin and the Origin of the Martian Crustal Dichotomy.” Nature 453, no. 7199 (June 26, 2008): 1212–15.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang, Chang-Bing, Bin Wu, Jian-Bo Wang, and Xiang Li. “Evolutionary Origin of Asymptotically Stable Consensus.” Scientific Reports 4 (April 4, 2014): 4590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner, Marion. Global Displacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Fricker, Gert, Melanie Ott, and Anne Mahringer, eds. The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB). Vol. 10. Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzo, Angela Maria, Patrizia Berselli, Stefania Zava, Gigliola Montorfano, Manuela Negroni, Paola Corsetto, and Bruno Berra. “Endogenous Antioxidants and Radical Scavengers.” In Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors, edited by Maria Teresa Giardi, Giuseppina Rea, and Bruno Berra, 52–67. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Deep Calls Or Big Balls? Howler Monkeys Are Either All Mouth, Or All Trousers.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 25, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Triad Hearing Follow-Up.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 6, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cai, Shaobiao. “3D Numerical Modeling of Dry/Wet Contact Mechanics for Rough, Multilayered Elastic-Plastic Solid Surfaces and Effects of Hydrophilicity/Hydrophobicity During Separation with Applications.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. “Big Dreams and Ideas in Chicago.” New York Times, March 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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