How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellemans, A. “Beating the European Brain Drain.” Nature 414, no. 6862 (November 22, 2001): 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lillard, Angeline, and Nicole Else-Quest. “The Early Years. Evaluating Montessori Education.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, no. 5795 (September 29, 2006): 1893–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday, Virjanand, Wouter M. Bergmann Tiest, and Astrid M. L. Kappers. “Integration of Length and Curvature in Haptic Perception.” Scientific Reports 4 (January 24, 2014): 3856.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Friedland, Ari E., Timothy K. Lu, Xiao Wang, David Shi, George Church, and James J. Collins. “Synthetic Gene Networks That Count.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5931 (May 29, 2009): 1199–1202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitajima, Munéo. Memory and Action Selection in Human-Machine Interaction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Keuper, Frank, Christian Oecking, and Andreas Degenhardt, eds. Application Management: Challenges – Service Creation – Strategies. Wiesbaden: Gabler, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Nasca, Maria Rita, Francesco Lacarrubba, Maria Letizia Musumeci, and Giuseppe Micali. “Inflammatory Disorders.” In Atlas of Male Genital Disorders: A Useful Aid for Clinical Diagnosis, edited by Marco Cusini, Pompeo Donofrio, and Franco Dinotta, 51–97. Milano: Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “Giant Craters Created By Enormous Seafloor Methane Explosions From The Last Ice Age.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 2, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Highway Signs: Conversion to Metric Units Could Be Costly.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 7, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz, Sandra. “Keeping Families Together: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. “2 Shows Try to Shake Up Formula for Reality TV.” New York Times, January 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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