How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McQuate, Grant T. “Green Light Synergistally Enhances Male Sweetpotato Weevil Response to Sex Pheromone.” Scientific Reports 4 (March 28, 2014): 4499.
A journal article with 2 authors
McConnell, J. R., and M. K. Barton. “Botany. Leaf Development Takes Shape.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5611 (February 28, 2003): 1328–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boudvillain, M., A. de Lencastre, and A. M. Pyle. “A Tertiary Interaction That Links Active-Site Domains to the 5’ Splice Site of a Group II Intron.” Nature 406, no. 6793 (July 20, 2000): 315–18.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yao, Kai, Suo Qiu, Yanbin V. Wang, Silvia J. H. Park, Ethan J. Mohns, Bhupesh Mehta, Xinran Liu, et al. “Restoration of Vision after de Novo Genesis of Rod Photoreceptors in Mammalian Retinas.” Nature 560, no. 7719 (August 2018): 484–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore, Laurence A. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Garrido, Alberto. Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain: Policy Implications. Edited by M. Ramón Llamas, Consuelo Varela-Ortega, Paula Novo, Roberto Rodríguez-Casado, and Maite M. Aldaya. Vol. 35. Natural Resource Management and Policy. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Stenbacka, Susanne. “‘The Rural’ Intervening in the Lives of Internal and International Migrants: Migrants, Biographies and Translocal Practices.” In Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Spaces, edited by Charlotta Hedberg and Renato Miguel do Carmo, 55–72. GeoJournal Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “3D Printed Hermit Crab Shells Depict Famous Landmarks.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 19, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 16, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witt, Sharon R. “A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. “Henry Green’s (Latest) Comeback.” New York Times, October 21, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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