How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Varis, Olli. “Resources: Curb Vast Water Use in Central Asia.” Nature 514, no. 7520 (October 2, 2014): 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marler, John R., and Larry B. Goldstein. “Medicine. Stroke--TPA and the Clinic.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, no. 5640 (September 19, 2003): 1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zijlstra, Peter, James W. M. Chon, and Min Gu. “Five-Dimensional Optical Recording Mediated by Surface Plasmons in Gold Nanorods.” Nature 459, no. 7245 (May 21, 2009): 410–13.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blasco, Ruth, Clive Finlayson, Jordi Rosell, Antonio Sánchez Marco, Stewart Finlayson, Geraldine Finlayson, Juan José Negro, Francisco Giles Pacheco, and Joaquín Rodríguez Vidal. “The Earliest Pigeon Fanciers.” Scientific Reports 4 (August 7, 2014): 5971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle, Daniel. Life in the Financial Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Tsihrintzis, George A., and Lakhmi C. Jain, eds. Multimedia Services in Intelligent Environments: Integrated Systems. Vol. 3. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Almandoz, Josser E. Delgado, Shervin Kamalian, R. Gilberto González, Michael H. Lev, and Javier M. Romero. “Imaging of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Stroke CT Angiography (CTA).” In Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention, edited by R. Gilberto González, Joshua A. Hirsch, Michael H. Lev, Pamela W. Schaefer, and Lee H. Schwamm, 57–82. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “This Is What The Underside Of An Iceberg Looks Like.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 22, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Afloat Prepositioning: Not All Equipment Meets the Army’s Readiness Goal.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 23, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoang, Trong Tuyen. “Acoustic and Image Vehicle Classification System.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. “Choir Festival to Celebrate St. Basil’s 450 Years.” New York Times, October 9, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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