How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, Henry. “Progressive Evolution: Aspirational Thinking.” Nature 420, no. 6916 (December 12, 2002): 611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, Pamela J., and Laura M. Zahn. “Plant Metabolism. Green Pathways. Introduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336, no. 6089 (June 29, 2012): 1657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, Darryl T., Kevin A. Judge, and Clint D. Kelly. “Evidence for Male Allocation in Pipefish?” Nature 466, no. 7310 (August 26, 2010): E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bayer, M., O. Stern, P. Hawrylak, S. Fafard, and A. Forchel. “Hidden Symmetries in the Energy Levels of Excitonic ‘Artificial Atoms.’” Nature 405, no. 6789 (June 22, 2000): 923–26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conklin, Alfred R., Jr. Introduction to Soil Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Askoxylakis, Ioannis, Henrich C. Pöhls, and Joachim Posegga, eds. Information Security Theory and Practice. Security, Privacy and Trust in Computing Systems and Ambient Intelligent Ecosystems: 6th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2012, Egham, UK, June 20-22, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7322. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Richthammer, Hartmut, and Sebastian Reif. “Intrusion Detection in the Smart Grid Based on an Analogue Technique.” In Open Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, INetSec 2015, Zurich, Switzerland, October 29, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Jan Camenisch and Doğan Kesdoğan, 56–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. “Nearby Exoplanets Confirmed To Be Earth-Sized.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 15, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Intelligent Transportation Systems: Improved DOT Collaboration and Communication Could Enhance the Use of Technology to Manage Congestion.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 19, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, Michael W. “Angels in Tinseltown: Health Insurance, Hormone Use, and HIV among Transgender Women in Los Angeles.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, John. “Stylish Like a Fox, And Back in the City.” New York Times, October 5, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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