How to format your references using the Atlantic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atlantic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. “The Power of Goodbye.” Nature 429, no. 6992 (June 10, 2004): 681.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gfeller, Aurélie, and Edward E. Farmer. “Keeping the Leaves Green above Us.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306, no. 5701 (November 26, 2004): 1515–16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood, Matthew J., Gisela Storz, and Nico Tjandra. “Structural Basis for Redox Regulation of Yap1 Transcription Factor Localization.” Nature 430, no. 7002 (August 19, 2004): 917–21.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brennecka, G. A., S. Weyer, M. Wadhwa, P. E. Janney, J. Zipfel, and A. D. Anbar. “238U/235U Variations in Meteorites: Extant 247Cm and Implications for Pb-Pb Dating.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327, no. 5964 (January 22, 2010): 449–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saint-Dizier, Patrick. Musical Rhetoric. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Rose, Anne, ed. Anticoagulation Management: A Guidebook for Pharmacists. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Miki, Tsutomu, Takuya Inoue, Yuta Goto, Masahiko Watanabe, and Hatsuo Hayashi. “Human-Like Local Navigation System Inspired by a Hippocampal Memory Mechanism.” In Brain-Inspired Information Technology, edited by Akitoshi Hanazawa, Tsutom Miki, and Keiichi Horio, 29–32. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atlantic Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Hubble Captures Breathtaking New View Of Iconic Pillars Of Creation.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 7, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Unanswered Questions on Educating Handicapped Children in Local Public Schools.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 5, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCollough, Kevin D. “Applying Military Developments in Netcentricity to Civilian Emergency Management.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. “On Big Stage, Ward Makes Big Statement.” New York Times, November 20, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAtlantic Studies
AbbreviationAtl. Stud. (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1478-8810
ISSN (online)1740-4649
Literature and Literary Theory
Cultural Studies

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