How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coyne JA: Evolution. Ernst Mayr (1904-2005). Science 2005, 307:1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goddéris Y, Donnadieu Y: Carbon cycling and snowball Earth. Nature 2008, 456:E8; author reply E9-10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pesaran B, Nelson MJ, Andersen RA: Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex. Nature 2008, 453:406–409.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jeong H, Mason SP, Barabási AL, Oltvai ZN: Lethality and centrality in protein networks. Nature 2001, 411:41–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon MJ Jr: Total Quality Process Control for Injection Molding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hale B: The Age of Supported Independence: Voices of In-home Care. Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai FS, Chen Y, Chan KL: Probabilistic Techniques for Corporate Blog Mining. In Emerging Technologies in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2007 International Workshops Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007 Revised Selected Papers. Edited by Washio T, Zhou Z-H, Huang JZ, Hu X, Li J, Xie C, He J, Zou D, Li K-C, Freire MM. Springer; 2007:35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Food Science.

Blog post
Evans K: NASA Releases Incredible Images To Show How Earth Has Changed In Just 30 Years. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Security: Breaches at Federal Agencies and Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson RS: Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance. 2008,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L: Accreditation Restored At Nassau Medical Center. New York Times 2007,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Food Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-7993
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles