How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haber JE: Comment on “Cell type regulates selective segregation of mouse chromosome 7 DNA strands in mitosis.” Science 2006, 313:1045; author reply 1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn S, Lee SJ: Nanoparticle role on the repeatability of stimuli-responsive nanocomposites. Sci Rep 2014, 4:6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima C, Nomura H, Tsuda T: Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature 2004, 432:361–368.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bidartondo MI, Redecker D, Hijri I, Wiemken A, Bruns TD, Domínguez L, Sérsic A, Leake JR, Read DJ: Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 2002, 419:389–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fogel DB, Liu D, Keller JM: Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Chassignet EP, Verron J (Eds): Ocean Weather Forecasting: An Integrated View of Oceanography. Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Pattard M, Römbke J, Moser T: Range of Reference Tests in Aquatic Tests. In Ecotoxicological Characterization of Waste: Results and Experiences of an International Ring Test. Edited by Moser H, Römbke J. Springer; 2009:61–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Food Science.

Blog post
Evans K: A Year Ago, Scientists Cracked One Of Einstein’s Greatest Mysteries — Now A Bizarre New Form Of Astronomy Is Emerging. IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ressler KM: The path to leadership for Native American women at North Dakota tribal colleges. 2008,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy M: Texas Naturalists Also See A Border Wall as a Threat. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Food Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-7993
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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