How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Velev OD: Materials science. Self-assembly of unusual nanoparticle crystals. Science 2006, 312:376–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rockström J, Falkenmark M: Agriculture: increase water harvesting in Africa. Nature 2015, 519:283–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bennett MJ, Lebrón JA, Bjorkman PJ: Crystal structure of the hereditary haemochromatosis protein HFE complexed with transferrin receptor. Nature 2000, 403:46–53.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee H, Lee J-W, Kim DY, Park J, Seo Y-T, Zeng H, Moudrakovski IL, Ratcliffe CI, Ripmeester JA: Tuning clathrate hydrates for hydrogen storage. Nature 2005, 434:743–746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jayaweera SK: Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Nguyen NT, Katarzyniak RP, Janiak A (Eds): New Challenges in Computational Collective Intelligence. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Borgianni Y, Cascini G, Rotini F: Application of IPPR to the Reengineering Problems of Class 2. In Re-engineering of Products and Processes: How to Achieve Global Success in the Changing Marketplace. Edited by Borgianni Y, Cascini G. Springer; 2012:107–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Food Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Our New Pterosaur Fossil Shows Birds And Small Reptiles Flew Side By Side. IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Need for More Effective Management of Transportation Data Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin H-C: Depression screening in ambulatory care. 2013,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM: Trump, in Latest Bout With Media, Conjures Physical Fight With a Foe. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Food Science
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)2214-7993
ScopeFood Science
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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