How to format your references using the Journal of Surfactants and Detergents citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D (2000) Canada catalyses health research with thirteen virtual institutes. Nature 407:113–114
A journal article with 2 authors
Verstreken P, Bellen HJ (2001) Neuroscience. The meaning of a mini. Science 293:443–444
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv NJ, Prokoph A, Veizer J (2014) Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Sci Rep 4:6150
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Klembt S, Harder TH, Egorov OA, et al (2018) Exciton-polariton topological insulator. Nature 562:552–556

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth C, Faulkner WH Jr (2013) Review Questions for MRI. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Asuelime L, Francis S (2014) Selected Themes in African Political Studies: Political Conflict and Stability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Capasso F (2011) Preparazione e conservazione delle droghe vegetali. In: Capasso F (ed) Farmacognosia: Botanica, chimica e farmacologia delle piante medicinali. Springer, Milano, pp 33–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surfactants and Detergents.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Ayahuasca, A Cautionary Tale For Tourists Eager To Try This Shamanic Brew. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande M (2017) Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ (2017) Buffett Calls Health Bill A Giveaway to Wealthy. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surfactants and Detergents
AbbreviationJ. Surfactants Deterg.
ISSN (print)1097-3958
ISSN (online)1558-9293
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles