How to format your references using the Journal of Surfactants and Detergents citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Justham S (2014) Astrophysics: Portrait of a doomed star. Nature 512:34–35
A journal article with 2 authors
Casadevall A, Pirofski L-A (2014) Microbiology: Ditch the term pathogen. Nature 516:165–166
A journal article with 3 authors
Dulac C, O’Connell LA, Wu Z (2014) Neural control of maternal and paternal behaviors. Science 345:765–770
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Essner JJ, Vogan KJ, Wagner MK, et al (2002) Conserved function for embryonic nodal cilia. Nature 418:37–38

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doerfler W (2007) Foreign DNA in Mammalian Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Webster HD (2009) Gliogenesis: Historical Perspectives, 1839–1985. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ariwa E, Virginia E. E, Emeka I, Jude Chukwudi C (2011) Corporate Green Technology and Grid-Driven e-Learning Framework in Developing Economy. In: Yonazi JJ, Sedoyeka E, Ariwa E, El-Qawasmeh E (eds) e-Technologies and Networks for Development: First International Conference, ICeND 2011, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, August 3-5, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surfactants and Detergents.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Volcanic Vents Reveal Bleak Future For Oceans. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) VA Student Financial Aid: Management Actions Needed to Reduce Overlap in Approving Education and Training Programs and to Assess State Approving Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalas ST (2008) Positive protective factors as moderators in the relationship between relational victimization and depression in minority adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Koblin J (2017) Journalists Fear Effects Of an Arrest. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surfactants and Detergents
AbbreviationJ. Surfactants Deterg.
ISSN (print)1097-3958
ISSN (online)1558-9293
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles