How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Computer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern, M.: Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science. 329, 1609–1610 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai, T., Spradling, A.: Differentiating germ cells can revert into functional stem cells in Drosophila melanogaster ovaries. Nature. 428, 564–569 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.-Y., Hakoshima, T., Kitano, K.: Structure of the RecQ C-terminal domain of human Bloom syndrome protein. Sci. Rep. 3, 3294 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kudgus, R.A., Walden, C.A., McGovern, R.M., Reid, J.M., Robertson, J.D., Mukherjee, P.: Tuning pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of a targeted drug delivery system through incorporation of a passive targeting component. Sci. Rep. 4, 5669 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borchard-Tuch, C., Groß, M.: Was Biotronik alles kann. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005)
An edited book
Peacock, W.F. ed: Short Stay Management of Acute Heart Failure. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Andersson, D., Gurvich, V., Hansen, T.D.: On Acyclicity of Games with Cycles. In: Goldberg, A.V. and Zhou, Y. (eds.) Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 5th International Conference, AAIM 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 15-17, 2009. Proceedings. pp. 15–28. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Oxytocin May Benefit Some Children With Autism, But It’s Not The Next Wonder Drug


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: K-12 Education: Characteristics of the Investing in Innovation Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, D.A.: System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: Sharapova’s Entry to Wimbledon: Qualify, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Computer Science
AbbreviationVietnam J. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)2196-8888
ISSN (online)2196-8896

Other styles