How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Computer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gates, M.F.: Putting women and girls at the center of development. Science. 345, 1273–1275 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths, D., Pfeffer, J.: Social sciences. Social media for large studies of behavior. Science. 346, 1063–1064 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollo, L.L., Kinouchi, O., Copelli, M.: Single-neuron criticality optimizes analog dendritic computation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3222 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Satzinger, K.J., Zhong, Y.P., Chang, H.-S., Peairs, G.A., Bienfait, A., Chou, M.-H., Cleland, A.Y., Conner, C.R., Dumur, É., Grebel, J., Gutierrez, I., November, B.H., Povey, R.G., Whiteley, S.J., Awschalom, D.D., Schuster, D.I., Cleland, A.N.: Quantum control of surface acoustic-wave phonons. Nature. (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quadbeck-Seeger, H.-J.: World of the Elements. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2007)
An edited book
Krause, W.K.H., Naz, R.K. eds: Immune Infertility: The Impact of Immune Reactions on Human Infertility. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Cioranescu, D., Girault, V., Rajagopal, K.R.: Grade-Two Fluids: Some Theoretical Results. In: Girault, V. and Rajagopal, K.R. (eds.) Mechanics and Mathematics of Fluids of the Differential Type. pp. 179–310. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Gigantic Landslide Was Bigger Than Rhode Island


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meghani, H.P.: Med-Equip Solutions LLC: A wheelchair distributor company business plan, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Correal, A., Schmidt, S.: Pain and Anxiety Linger in Aftermath of a Blast, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Computer Science
AbbreviationVietnam J. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)2196-8888
ISSN (online)2196-8896

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