How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Computer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R.H.: MATERIALS SCIENCE: Putting a New Spin on Carbon Nanotubes. Science. 290, 1310–1311 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía, S., Novas, F.E.: Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature. 425, 609–612 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohani, P., Zhong, X., King, A.A.: Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis. Science. 330, 982–985 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ni, C.Y., Murphy, M.P., Golde, T.E., Carpenter, G.: gamma -Secretase cleavage and nuclear localization of ErbB-4 receptor tyrosine kinase. Science. 294, 2179–2181 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schattke, W., Díez Muiño, R.: Quantum Monte Carlo Programming. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Li, H.: Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Early Onset Schizophrenia at School. Springer, New York, NY (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Nordéus, K., Båge, R., Gustafsson, H., Glinwood, R., Söderquist, L.: A Small Expose on Bovine Pheromones: with Special Reference to Modifications of the Reproductive Cycle. In: Schulte, B.A., Goodwin, T.E., and Ferkin, M.H. (eds.) Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. pp. 33–42. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Computer Science.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Galactic Merger Spotted in a Protocluster 12.5 Billion Light-Years Away


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Education Taking Needed Actions But Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mackay, E.A.: Title I funding allocation of reserve funds after increased standards for academic proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Old Pro Matsui Comes Through At the New Park, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Computer Science
AbbreviationVietnam J. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)2196-8888
ISSN (online)2196-8896

Other styles