How to format your references using the Current Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zolla-Pazner S (2014) A critical question for HIV vaccine development: which antibodies to induce? Science 345:167–168
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasahara T, Kato T (2003) Nutritional biochemistry: A new redox-cofactor vitamin for mammals. Nature 422:832
A journal article with 3 authors
Janjić V, Sharan R, Pržulj N (2014) Modelling the yeast interactome. Sci Rep 4:4273
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rosenfeld N, Young JW, Alon U, et al (2005) Gene regulation at the single-cell level. Science 307:1962–1965

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush J, Harris DM, Parker RJ (2016) Cognitive Self Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Coniam D (2014) English Language Education and Assessment: Recent Developments in Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmadi N, Baroiller J-F, D’Cotta Carreras H, Morillon R (2016) Adaptation to Salinity. In: Torquebiau E (ed) Climate Change and Agriculture Worldwide. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Neanderthal Diets Changed With Climate. Ours Didn’t. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson JS (2008) Boys in crisis: A grounded theory study of male high school dropouts in a rural setting. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) The Post’s Latest Bombshell: It’s Thriving in Digital News. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Microbiology
AbbreviationCurr. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0343-8651
ISSN (online)1432-0991
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles