How to format your references using the Current Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clapham DE (2002) Signal transduction. Hot and cold TRP ion channels. Science 295:2228–2229
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sipp D, Turner L (2012) Stem cells. U.S. regulation of stem cells as medical products. Science 338:1296–1297
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Huang L, Treisman A, Pashler H (2007) Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science 317:823–825
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Arbeitman MN, Furlong EEM, Imam F, et al (2002) Gene expression during the life cycle of Drosophila melanogaster. Science 297:2270–2275

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Remy J-G, Letamendia C (2014) LTE Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Braz J, Ranchordas A, Araújo H, Jorge J (2007) Advances in Computer Graphics and Computer Vision: International Conferences VISAPP and GRAPP 2006, Setúbal, Portugal, February 25-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ohkita M, Tokutaka H, Ohki M, et al (2013) Classification of Chain-Link and Other Data with Spherical SOM. In: Estévez PA, Príncipe JC, Zegers P (eds) Advances in Self-Organizing Maps: 9th International Workshop, WSOM 2012 Santiago, Chile, December 12-14, 2012 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Proposed SpaceLiner Could Take You From Europe To Australia In 90 Minutes. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/europe-australia-90-minutes-proposed-spaceliner/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hess JP (2012) Exploring the Challenges of Training and Developing Millennials in the Business Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Werdigier J (2008) BP Says Talks With Venture Investors Continue. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Microbiology
AbbreviationCurr. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0343-8651
ISSN (online)1432-0991
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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