How to format your references using the Current Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kreeger K (2002) Private foundations push for higher postdoc salaries. Nature 415:5
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fernández-Martínez LT, Bibb MJ (2014) Use of the meganuclease I-SceI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to select for gene deletions in actinomycetes. Sci Rep 4:7100
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stine AR, Huybers P, Fung IY (2009) Changes in the phase of the annual cycle of surface temperature. Nature 457:435–440
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Robinson P, Harrison RJ, McEnroe SA, Hargraves RB (2002) Lamellar magnetism in the haematite-ilmenite series as an explanation for strong remanent magnetization. Nature 418:517–520

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Garduno Barrera D, Diaz M (2011) Communicating Systems with UML 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Daniilidis K, Klette R (2006) Imaging Beyond the Pinhole Camera. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ndayikengurukiye D, Mignotte M (2016) High-Frequency Spectral Energy Map Estimation Based Gait Analysis System Using a Depth Camera for Pathology Detection. In: Campilho A, Karray F (eds) Image Analysis and Recognition: 13th International Conference, ICIAR 2016, in Memory of Mohamed Kamel, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 38–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) A Star Is On A Collision Course With The Edge Of Our Solar System. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Year 1999 and 1998 Financial Statements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Koons LM (2013) An outreach program for homeless individuals: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats -- Clinton and Bush Compete to Be Champion of Change; Democrat Fights Perceptions of Bush Gain. New York Times 11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Microbiology
AbbreviationCurr. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0343-8651
ISSN (online)1432-0991
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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