How to format your references using the Microbial Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Cell (MIC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Heckel DG (2012). Ecology. Insecticide resistance after Silent spring. Science. 337(6102): 1612–1614. 23019637.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Romano M, and Cifelli RL (2015). Geology. 100 years of continental drift. Science. 350(6263): 915–916. 26586750.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kennedy HJ, Crawford AC, and Fettiplace R (2005). Force generation by mammalian hair bundles supports a role in cochlear amplification. Nature. 433(7028): 880–883. 15696193.
A journal article with 30 or more authors
1. Himanen JP, Rajashankar KR, Lackmann M, Cowan CA, Henkemeyer M, and Nikolov DB (2001). Crystal structure of an Eph receptor-ephrin complex. Nature. 414(6866): 933–938. 11780069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pétrowski A, and Ben-Hamida S (2017). Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1. Laghi A (2009). Protocolli di studio in TC spirale multistrato: Vol. 2 • Vascolare. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bundgaard H, and Cold GE (2008). Studies of Regional Subdural Pressure Gradients During Craniotomy. In: Cold GE, Juul N, editors Monitoring of Cerebral and Spinal Haemodynamics During Neurosurgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; pp 89–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Cell.

Blog post
1. Taub B (2016). Incredible Photos Show Uncontacted Amazonian Tribe Living Perilously Close To Illegal Miners. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1981). Appropriated Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schwartz KA (2010). Dynamics of Teacher Self-Efficacy: Middle School Reading and Language Arts Teacher Responses on a Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnson G (2016). After 1.7 Million Years, a Bone Cancer Diagnosis. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Cell
AbbreviationMicrob. Cell
ISSN (online)2311-2638

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