How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benton TG. 2007. Ecology. Managing farming’s footprint on biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5810): 341–342
A journal article with 2 authors
Manne AS, Richels RG. 2001. An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature 410 (6829): 675–677
A journal article with 3 authors
Hatano T, Stopa M, Tarucha S. 2005. Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5732): 268–271
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou Z-Y, Li Y, Ding D-S, Jiang Y-K, Zhang W, Shi S, Shi B-S, Guo G-C. 2014. Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals. Scientific reports 4: 5650

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu H, Li G. 2006. OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ochiai T, Mabuchi T, Maeda Y, Noguchi J, Weinstein A (eds). 2015. Geometry and Analysis on Manifolds: In Memory of Professor Shoshichi Kobayashi. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Young RA, Marshall SK, Valach L, Domene JF, Graham MD, Zaidman-Zait A. 2011. Studying Transition Processes. In Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling, Marshall SK, , Valach L, , Domene JF, , Graham MD, , Zaidman-Zait A (eds).Springer: New York, NY; 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. This Robotic Assassin Will Hunt And Kill Starfish That Are Destroying The Great Barrier Reef. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250). GAO-01-756R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello DM. 2010. Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s.Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney S, Cooper M. 2017. Who’s Calling? It May Be The Opera. New York Times: C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benton, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Manne and Richels, 2001; Benton, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manne and Richels, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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