How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno I. 2005. Olympus finds market rival hard to swallow. Nature 438 (7070): 913
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer K, Hurt E. 2001. Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature 413 (6856): 648–652
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons JR, Lewis RS, Clayton RN. 2009. Comment on ‘Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5934): 1516;author reply 1516
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fiquet G, Badro J, Guyot F, Requardt H, Krisch M. 2001. Sound velocities in iron to 110 gigapascals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5503): 468–471

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart B. 2012. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Carr BI (ed.). 2005. Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press: Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Rolstadås A, Hetland PW, Jergeas GF, Westney RE. 2011. Jaywalking with George. In Risk Navigation Strategies for Major Capital Projects: Beyond the Myth of Predictability, Hetland PW, , Jergeas GF, , Westney RE (eds).Springer: London; 55–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. This Is How SpaceX Plans To Land On Mars. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers. GAO-10-733T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo NL. 2014. A continuing bonds grief support group for Latinas who have lost a child: A grant proposal.Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. 2005. Keeping Your Computer and Its Contents Safe. New York Times: 56

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Strässer and Hurt, 2001; Fuyuno, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strässer and Hurt, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fiquet et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

Other styles