How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warrington B. 2012. Physics. Two atomic clocks ticking as one. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6080): 421–422
A journal article with 2 authors
Treacy MMJ, Borisenko KB. 2012. The local structure of amorphous silicon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6071): 950–953
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidel HS, Rockman MV, Kruglyak L. 2008. Widespread genetic incompatibility in C. elegans maintained by balancing selection. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5863): 589–594
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tuoriniemi J, Juntunen-Nurmilaukas K, Uusvuori J, Pentti E, Salmela A, Sebedash A. 2007. Superconductivity in lithium below 0.4 millikelvin at ambient pressure. Nature 447 (7141): 187–189

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamczyk B. 2017. Foundations of Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kitaev S. 2015. Words and Graphs (V Lozin, ed.). Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ünsal A, Karaman CZ. 2013. Renal Calculus Disease. In Genitourinary Radiology: Kidney, Bladder and Urethra: The Pathologic Basis, Dogra VS, , MacLennan GT (eds).Springer: London; 121–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. How To Set Up A VPN After Congress Voted To Sell Your Online Data. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1968. Research and Development--and the Congress. 091220. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwin RH. 2013. Case study of the voluntary student transfer program: The perspectives of African American students and parent participants in one midwestern school district.Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Carries His Message To Arkansas. New York Times: 120

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warrington, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Treacy and Borisenko, 2012; Warrington, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Treacy and Borisenko, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tuoriniemi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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