How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landry CR. 2011. Cell biology. A cellular roadmap for the plant kingdom. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6042): 532–533
A journal article with 2 authors
Agnor CB, Hamilton DP. 2006. Neptune’s capture of its moon Triton in a binary-planet gravitational encounter. Nature 441 (7090): 192–194
A journal article with 3 authors
Srinivasan V, Pierik AJ, Lill R. 2014. Crystal structures of nucleotide-free and glutathione-bound mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6175): 1137–1140
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dong X-P, Donoghue PCJ, Cheng H, Liu J-B. 2004. Fossil embryos from the Middle and Late Cambrian period of Hunan, south China. Nature 427 (6971): 237–240

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arden JB, Linford L. 2008. Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lewis MA, Dietel M, Scriba PC, Raff WK (eds). 2006. Biology und Epidemiology of Hormone Replacement Therapy: Discussions on Post-Menopausal Health. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brüggemann R, Patil GP. 2011. Structures of Partial Orders. In Ranking and Prioritization for Multi-Indicator Systems: Introduction to Partial Order Applications, Patil GP (ed.).Springer: New York, NY; 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Space Debris: What Can We Do With Unwanted Satellites? IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Highway Public-Private Partnerships: Securing Potential Benefits and Protecting the Public Interest Could Result from More Rigorous Up-front Analysis. GAO-08-1052T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins SH. 2017. Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data.Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. Looking to Tune In to Catch Women’s Tennis? For Now, Better Get Creative. New York Times: B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Landry, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Agnor and Hamilton, 2006; Landry, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Agnor and Hamilton, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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