How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo G. 2008. Biotech in Bangalore. Nature 452 (7187): 660–661
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes N, Gadsby DC. 2006. Ion permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase. Nature 443 (7110): 470–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux EJ, Knoll AH, Walter MR. 2001. Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems. Nature 412 (6842): 66–69
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gong Y, Cao P, Yu H-J, Jiang T. 2008. Crystal structure of the neurotrophin-3 and p75NTR symmetrical complex. Nature 454 (7205): 789–793

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz ML, Bova A, Hammond PB. 2010. The Endowment Model of Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Derevensky JL, Gupta R (eds). 2005. Gambling Problems in Youth: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Alvarez RH. 2013. HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Second-Line Treatment. In Handbook of HER2-Targeted Agents in Breast Cancer, Cortés J, , Mattos-Arruda LD, , Falzon M, , Fasolo A, , Gandy M, , Gianni L, , Harbeck N, , Piccart M, , Zambelli S, , Zardavas D (eds).Springer Healthcare Ltd.: Tarporley; 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
Hale T. 2015. Would You Wear An Engagement Ring Made Out Of Your Fiance’s Wisdom Tooth? IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Selected Contracts, Purchase Orders, and Grants Awarded to Indian Tribes and Organizations During Fiscal Year 1971. B-114868. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza JL. 2012. The Latina/o migrant college student experience.Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J, Shear MD, Paulson M. 2014. New Tack on Unrest Eases Tension in Missouri. New York Times: A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Reyes and Gadsby, 2006; Russo, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Gadsby, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gong et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

Other styles