How to format your references using the Hydrological Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shih WM. 2015. Materials Science. Exploiting weak interactions in DNA self-assembly. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6229): 1417–1418
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamena F, Spang A. 2004. Tip20p prohibits back-fusion of COPII vesicles with the endoplasmic reticulum. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5668): 286–289
A journal article with 3 authors
Griesinger CB, Richards CD, Ashmore JF. 2005. Fast vesicle replenishment allows indefatigable signalling at the first auditory synapse. Nature 435 (7039): 212–215
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Diebold SS, Montoya M, Unger H, Alexopoulou L, Roy P, Haswell LE, Al-Shamkhani A, Flavell R, Borrow P, Reis e Sousa C. 2003. Viral infection switches non-plasmacytoid dendritic cells into high interferon producers. Nature 424 (6946): 324–328

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eylert B. 2006. The Mobile Multimedia Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wang G-Y, Peters JF, Skowron A, Yao Y (eds). 2006. Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: First International Conference, RSKT 2006, Chongquing, China, July 24-26, 2006. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karchevskii E, Spiridonov A, Beilina L. 2015. Determination of Permittivity from Propagation Constant Measurements in Optical Fibers. In Inverse Problems and Applications, Beilina L (ed.).Springer International Publishing: Cham; 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Processes.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Early Hominin Bone Shows Predation By Hyenas. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits. NSIAD-94-54. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell SF. 2009. Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal.Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora M, Baker AL. 2017. Despite Strict Gun Law, Doctor Was Able to Buy Assault Rifle. New York Times: A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shih, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kamena and Spang, 2004; Shih, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamena and Spang, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Diebold et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Processes
AbbreviationHydrol. Process.
ISSN (print)0885-6087
ISSN (online)1099-1085
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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