How to format your references using the EXPLORE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EXPLORE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gardner JA. Ars longa, vita brevis. Nature. 2000;408(6809):143.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Munshi NV, Olson EN. Translational medicine. Improving cardiac rhythm with a biological pacemaker. Science. 2014;345(6194):268-269.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pettifer RF, Collins SP, Laundy D. Quadrupole transitions revealed by Borrmann spectroscopy. Nature. 2008;454(7201):196-199.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sawa M, Nusinow DA, Kay SA, Imaizumi T. FKF1 and GIGANTEA complex formation is required for day-length measurement in Arabidopsis. Science. 2007;318(5848):261-265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hauser G. Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Dekhtyar Y, Katashev A, Lancere L, eds. International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, 10-12 October, 2012, Riga, Latvia. Vol 38. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Man J, Goldberg DJ. Laser Treatment of Unwanted Hair. In: Goldberg DJ, ed. Laser Dermatology. Springer; 2013:65-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EXPLORE.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Food For Thought: Feeding Our Growing Population With Flies. IFLScience. Published September 6, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/food-for-thought-feeding-our-growing-population-with-flies/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Emergency Revocation Orders of Air Carrier Certificates. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mendez H. Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Yankees Ride Out Chapman’s Latest Turbulence and Rebuff the Mets Again. New York Times. August 16, 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEXPLORE
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
ScopeAnalysis
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing
Chiropractics

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