How to format your references using the EXPLORE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EXPLORE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKay R. Paleoclimate. Did Antarctica initiate the ice age cycles? Science. 2014;346(6211):812-813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calsbeek R, Smith TB. Ocean currents mediate evolution in island lizards. Nature. 2003;426(6966):552-555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marteau TM, Hollands GJ, Fletcher PC. Changing human behavior to prevent disease: the importance of targeting automatic processes. Science. 2012;337(6101):1492-1495.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Papadakis G, Tsortos A, Kordas A, et al. Acoustic detection of DNA conformation in genetic assays combined with PCR. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger P, Morel M. Managing Complexity of Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Singhee A. Novel Algorithms for Fast Statistical Analysis of Scaled Circuits. Vol 46. (Rutenbar RA, ed.). Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
van der Lans A. Enterprise Content Management (ECM): The Unstructured Part. In: Baan P, ed. Enterprise Information Management: When Information Becomes Inspiration. Management for Professionals. Springer; 2013:125-148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EXPLORE.

Blog post
Davis J. The Secret To Bonobo Peace May Be In The Females’ Sexual Swelling. IFLScience. Published June 30, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT’s Freight Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Petrovic V. The K(n)-local E n-Adams Spectral Sequence and a Cohomological Approximation of its E2-term. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rueb ES. Before Fire Under Tracks in East Harlem, a Business Took Root. New York Times. May 26, 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEXPLORE
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

Other styles