How to format your references using the EXPLORE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EXPLORE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Langenhove L. Global issues: Make social sciences relevant. Nature. 2012;484(7395):442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogue TS, Pincetl S. WATER CONSERVATION. Are you watering your lawn? Science. 2015;348(6241):1319-1320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moon-van der Staay SY, De Wachter R, Vaulot D. Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity. Nature. 2001;409(6820):607-610.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsieh CH, Reiss CS, Hunter JR, Beddington JR, May RM, Sugihara G. Fishing elevates variability in the abundance of exploited species. Nature. 2006;443(7113):859-862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell LCR, Hodgetts CTJ, Mahoney CPF, Castle N. Disaster Rules. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Tepper SJ, Tepper DE, eds. The Cleveland Clinic Manual of Headache Therapy: Second Edition. 2nd ed. 2014. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Parent AS, Georgantzi N, Gheno I. Ensuring a Fruitful Future to Innovation and Research: Practical Guidance for the Involvement of Older People in Research. In: Donnelly M, Paggetti C, Nugent C, Mokhtari M, eds. Impact Analysis of Solutions for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management: 10th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2012, Artiminio, Italy, June 12-15, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:26-34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EXPLORE.

Blog post
Hale T. German WW1 Sub “Sunk By Sea Monster” Found In Sonar Images. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Disapproval of Seattle, Washington, School District Applications for Emergency School Aid Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villanueva R. Issues of Performance Practice: The Influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Kick Up Those Heels. New York Times. May 4, 2012:C37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEXPLORE
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

Other styles