How to format your references using the EXPLORE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EXPLORE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon R. Structural biology. Membrane protein insertion and stability. Science. 2005;307(5714):1425-1426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin M, Austin P. Uncertainty: Climate models at their limit? Nature. 2012;486(7402):183-184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rees M, Koppelman B, Davison N. Scientific steps to nuclear disarmament. Nature. 2010;465(7296):290-291.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gallo EM, Winslow MM, Canté-Barrett K, et al. Calcineurin sets the bandwidth for discrimination of signals during thymocyte development. Nature. 2007;450(7170):731-735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezaee Z. Financial Services Firms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Iskra-Golec I, Barnes-Farrell J, Bohle P, eds. Social and Family Issues in Shift Work and Non Standard Working Hours. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Jochem E. Passive Houses and Buildings. In: Jochem E, ed. Improving the Efficiency of R&D and the Market Diffusion of Energy Technologies. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009:105-141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EXPLORE.

Blog post
Andrew E. NASA Wants To Establish A Floating Cloud City To Study Venus. IFLScience. Published December 18, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel CC. Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Cuban Comfort. New York Times. November 9, 2008:NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEXPLORE
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

Other styles