How to format your references using the Current Diabetes Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Diabetes Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McFiggans G. Atmospheric science: Involatile particles from rapid oxidation. Nature. 2014;506:442–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shizgal P, Arvanitogiannis A. Neuroscience. Gambling on dopamine. Science. 2003;299:1856–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Velarde E, Ezcurra E, Anderson DW. Seabird diets provide early warning of sardine fishery declines in the Gulf of California. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mohammed OF, Pines D, Dreyer J, Pines E, Nibbering ETJ. Sequential proton transfer through water bridges in acid-base reactions. Science. 2005;310:83–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Segura J, Hawkins CF. CMOS Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Turner DA, editor. Quality in Higher Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Perlovsky L, Deming R, Ilin R. Epilogue Future Research Directions. In: Deming R, Ilin R, editors. Emotional Cognitive Neural Algorithms with Engineering Applications: Dynamic Logic: FromVague to Crisp. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 175–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Diabetes Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. If A Nuclear Bomb Is Dropped On Your City, Here’s Where You Should Run And Hide [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Reimbursement of Employees’ Ferry Fares]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 May. Report No.: B-247849.3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Geist C. The marriage economy: Examining the economic impact and the context of marriage in comparative perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stewart JB. Case Study in Chaos: Management Experts Grade a Trump White House. New York Times. 2017 Feb 2;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Diabetes Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Diab. Rep.
ISSN (print)1534-4827
ISSN (online)1539-0829
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles