How to format your references using the Current Diabetes Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Diabetes Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gershon D. Mahoney centre set to tackle brain cancer head on. Nature. 2000;406:546.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gulden FO, Šestan N. Neurobiology: building a bigger brain. Nature. 2014;515:206–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhao B, Moore JS, Beebe DJ. Surface-directed liquid flow inside microchannels. Science. 2001;291:1023–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lloyd-Smith JO, Schreiber SJ, Kopp PE, Getz WM. Superspreading and the effect of individual variation on disease emergence. Nature. 2005;438:355–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown H, Prescott R. Applied Mixed Models in Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Bakker C, Montessori NM, editors. Complexity in Education: From Horror to Passion. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li M, Vitányi P. Algorithmic Probability. In: Vitányi P, editor. An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 259–338.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Diabetes Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Rosetta Arrives at Comet After 10 Year Voyage. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Significant Problems of Critical Automation Program Contribute to Risks Facing 2010 Census. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Mar. Report No.: GAO-08-550T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Slayton KA. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dynarski S. A Trillion-Dollar Student Debt, With Mounting Risks. New York Times. 2017 May 6;BU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Diabetes Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Diab. Rep.
ISSN (print)1534-4827
ISSN (online)1539-0829
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles