How to format your references using the Current Diabetes Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Diabetes Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Liman ER. Cell signaling. Putting the squeeze on phototransduction. Science. 2012;338:200–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Müller J, Müller CW. Structural biology: Enzyme-chromatin complex visualized. Nature. 2014;514:572–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hannon JB, Shenoy VB, Schwarz KW. Anomalous spiral motion of steps near dislocations on silicon surfaces. Science. 2006;313:1266–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Taddei A, Van Houwe G, Hediger F, Kalck V, Cubizolles F, Schober H, et al. Nuclear pore association confers optimal expression levels for an inducible yeast gene. Nature. 2006;441:774–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Owen JS, Fiedler-Kelly J. Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Petrenko A, Simão A, Maldonado JC, editors. Testing Software and Systems: 22nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, ICTSS 2010, Natal, Brazil, November 8-10, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Astrof S. Interactions Between Neural Crest-Derived Cells and Extracellular Microenvironment During Cardiovascular Development. In: DeSimone DW, Mecham RP, editors. Extracellular Matrix in Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Diabetes Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Study Indicates Pregnancy Stress Can Affect Four Generations. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Goldstein DL. Integration of geospatial technologies into K–12 curriculum: An investigation of teacher and student perceptions and student academic achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. The Skyjacker’s Tale. New York Times. 2017 Jun 29;C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Diabetes Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Diab. Rep.
ISSN (print)1534-4827
ISSN (online)1539-0829
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles