How to format your references using the Current Diabetes Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Diabetes Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reich JG. Embryonic stem cells. The debate in Germany. Science. 2002;296:265.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Collinge J, Clarke AR. A general model of prion strains and their pathogenicity. Science. 2007;318:930–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science. 2003;300:286–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Connolly SR, Hughes TP, Bellwood DR, Karlson RH. Community structure of corals and reef fishes at multiple scales. Science. 2005;309:1363–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cherian A. Energy and Global Climate Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Mao J, Bierlein FP, editors. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge: Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting Beijing, China, 18–21 August 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Messie D, Oh JC. SWARMs of Self-Organizing Polymorphic Agents. In: Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, editors. Swarm Intelligent Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Diabetes Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover Simple Technique That Cuts Calories In Rice By 60%. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Selection of Data Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-91-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Deise EC. Frame problems, Fodor’s challenge, and practical reason [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton. New York Times. 1993 Jan 27;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Diabetes Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Diab. Rep.
ISSN (print)1534-4827
ISSN (online)1539-0829
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

Other styles