How to format your references using the Tobacco Induced Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Induced Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Corbyn Z. Research: Biology’s big hit. Nature. 2015;528:S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yu XM, Luo L. Neuroscience. dSarm-ing axon degeneration. Science. 2012;337:418–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dwyer CA, Stevenson DJ, Nimmo F. A long-lived lunar dynamo driven by continuous mechanical stirring. Nature. 2011;479:212–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tanaka H, Arakawa H, Yamaguchi T, Shiraishi K, Fukuda S, Matsui K, et al. A ribonucleotide reductase gene involved in a p53-dependent cell-cycle checkpoint for DNA damage. Nature. 2000;404:42–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wiebe VJ. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Gelenbe E, Lent R, editors. Computer and Information Sciences III: 27th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. McIntosh-Smith S, Boulton M, Curran D, Price J. On the Performance Portability of Structured Grid Codes on Many-Core Computer Architectures. In: Kunkel JM, Ludwig T, Meuer HW, editors. Supercomputing: 29th International Conference, ISC 2014, Leipzig, Germany, June 22-26, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Induced Diseases.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Underwater Explosions In Slow-Motion Look Absolutely Awesome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: Status of the X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-99-176.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Weisko P. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B, Alter A, Chan S. Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining the Boundaries of Literature. New York Times. 2016 Oct 13;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Induced Diseases
AbbreviationTob. Induc. Dis.
ISSN (online)1617-9625
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles