How to format your references using the Tobacco Induced Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Induced Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Assmann SM. G proteins Go green: a plant G protein signaling FAQ sheet. Science. 2005;310:71–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Whitesides GM, Grzybowski B. Self-assembly at all scales. Science. 2002;295:2418–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ishikawa H, Ma Z, Barber GN. STING regulates intracellular DNA-mediated, type I interferon-dependent innate immunity. Nature. 2009;461:788–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kang PJ, Sanson A, Lee B, Park HO. A GDP/GTP exchange factor involved in linking a spatial landmark to cell polarity. Science. 2001;292:1376–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Middleton D. Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Jia Y, Du J, Li H, Zhang W, editors. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 1. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chraim F, Pister K. Smart Fence: Decentralized Sequential Hypothesis Testing for Perimeter Security. In: Zuniga M, Dini G, editors. Sensor Systems and Software: 4th International ICST Conference, S-Cube 2013, Lucca, Italy, June 11-12, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Induced Diseases.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Astronomers Spot Whirlwinds Shooting Out From A Young Star. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Dec. Report No.: 125770.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Donohue J. Resolving Past Liabilities for Future Reduction in Greenhouse Gases; Nuclear Energy and the Outstanding Federal Liability of Spent Nuclear Fuel [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rohan T. War Zone at Mile 26: ‘So Many People Without Legs.’ New York Times. 2013 Apr 16;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Induced Diseases
AbbreviationTob. Induc. Dis.
ISSN (online)1617-9625
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles