How to format your references using the Tobacco Induced Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Induced Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Farmelo G. Dirac’s hidden geometry. Nature. 2005;437:323.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Liu TL, Kim C-JCJ. Repellent surfaces. Turning a surface superrepellent even to completely wetting liquids. Science. 2014;346:1096–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vergoz V, Schreurs HA, Mercer AR. Queen pheromone blocks aversive learning in young worker bees. Science. 2007;317:384–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sloan GC, Matsuura M, Zijlstra AA, Lagadec E, Groenewegen MAT, Wood PR, et al. Dust formation in a galaxy with primitive abundances. Science. 2009;323:353–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jarry P, Beneat J. Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Kiechle H, Kreuzer A, Thomsen MJ, editors. Nearrings and Nearfields: Proceedings of the Conference on Nearrings and Nearfields, Hamburg, Germany July 27–August 3, 2003. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rubin A, Riznichenko G. Oscillations and Periodic Space Structures oscillations and periodic space structures of pH and Electric Potential Along the Cell Membrane of Algae Chara corallina. In: Riznichenko G, editor. Mathematical Biophysics. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014. p. 69–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Induced Diseases.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Britain’s Neolithic “Superhenge” May Have Originally Been Built From Wood [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Regional Jet Service Yet to Reach Many Small Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Feb. Report No.: GAO-01-344.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moro JM. School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Harlem Rezoning Proposal Would Create Memorial To African Burial Ground. New York Times. 2017 Sep 26;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Induced Diseases
AbbreviationTob. Induc. Dis.
ISSN (online)1617-9625
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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