How to format your references using the Tobacco Induced Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Induced Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Paddock S. Tech.Sight. Optical sectioning--slices of life. Science. 2002;295:1319–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Biju SD, Bossuyt F. New frog family from India reveals an ancient biogeographical link with the Seychelles. Nature. 2003;425:711–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Abramson J, Paz A, Philipson KD. Structural biology. It’s all in the symmetry. Science. 2012;335:669–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ko Y-H, Song J, Leung B, Han J, Cho Y-H. Multi-color broadband visible light source via GaN hexagonal annular structure. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lemma A. Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Bonchev D, Rouvray DH, editors. Complexity in Chemistry, Biology, and Ecology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carlier M-F, Helfer E, Wade R, Haraux F. Living Nanomachines. In: Boisseau P, Houdy P, Lahmani M, editors. Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 171–222.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Induced Diseases.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Antibiotic Overuse Might Be Why So Many People Have Allergies. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Climate Monitoring: NOAA Can Improve Management of the U.S. Historical Climatology Network. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Aug. Report No.: GAO-11-800.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bradnan DM. Cherelle Wilt in Theobroma cacao [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. John Leguizamo in Nutty Professor Mode. New York Times. 2017 Mar 28;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Induced Diseases
AbbreviationTob. Induc. Dis.
ISSN (online)1617-9625
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles