How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell, H. (2002). Science in Europe. Framework programmes evolve. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 443–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogl, U., & Weitz, M. (2009). Laser cooling by collisional redistribution of radiation. Nature, 461(7260), 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Csankovszki, G., McDonel, P., & Meyer, B. J. (2004). Recruitment and spreading of the C. elegans dosage compensation complex along X chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1182–1185.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Garcia-Castellanos, D., Estrada, F., Jiménez-Munt, I., Gorini, C., Fernàndez, M., Vergés, J., & De Vicente, R. (2009). Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis. Nature, 462(7274), 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Urick, V. J., Jr, Mckinney, J. D., & Williams, K. J. (2015). FUNDAMENTALS OF MICROWAVE PHOTONICS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Petzek, E., & Băncilă, R. (Eds.). (2015). Economical Bridge Solutions based on innovative composite dowels and integrated abutments: Ecobridge. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Hindriks, K. V., & Roberti, T. (2009). GOAL as a Planning Formalism. In L. Braubach, W. van der Hoek, P. Petta, & A. Pokahr (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 7th German Conference, MATES 2009, Hamburg, Germany, September 9-11, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 29–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 24). Fossil of Earliest Known Baboon Unearthed in South Africa. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Social Security Numbers: Stronger Protections Needed When Contractors Have Access to SSNs (GAO-06-238). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carrillo, J. (2010). Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M. (2015, May 7). The High Price of Pretty Nails. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigzell, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Vogl & Weitz, 2009; Wigzell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogl & Weitz, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Csankovszki et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Garcia-Castellanos et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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