How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hastings, M. H. (2013). Physiology. A looser clock to cure jet lag. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitchell, S. J., & Silver, R. A. (2000). Glutamate spillover suppresses inhibition by activating presynaptic mGluRs. Nature, 404(6777), 498–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taneike, M., Abe, F., & Sawada, K. (2003). Creep-strengthening of steel at high temperatures using nano-sized carbonitride dispersions. Nature, 424(6946), 294–296.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Herr, A. J., Jensen, M. B., Dalmay, T., & Baulcombe, D. C. (2005). RNA polymerase IV directs silencing of endogenous DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 118–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu, R. G. (2014). Service Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muratori, C., & Paganini, G. (Eds.). (2016). Early Modern Philosophers and the Renaissance Legacy (Vol. 220). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge, C., Barker, W., Hunter, B., & Sullivan, G. (2010). Reviewing Logs and Monitoring. In W. Barker, B. Hunter, & G. Sullivan (Eds.), Enterprise Mac Security: Mac OS X Snow Leopard (pp. 113–135). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, January 20). EPA Finds 97% Of Endangered Species In US Threatened By Two Common Pesticides. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Examination of the Pricing of a Negotiated Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded on a Noncompetitive Basis (No. 103244). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S.-C. (2008). Defiant institutionalization: Democratization and social movements in South Korea, 1984–2002 [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, October 31). Marathon Is Set to Go On, Stirring Debate. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hastings, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hastings, 2013; Mitchell & Silver, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mitchell & Silver, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Taneike et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Herr et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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