How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2007). Southern light. Nature, 447(7146), 882.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mjolsness, E., & DeCoste, D. (2001). Machine learning for science: state of the art and future prospects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2051–2055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrew, T. L., Tsai, H.-Y., & Menon, R. (2009). Confining light to deep subwavelength dimensions to enable optical nanopatterning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 917–921.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tan, Y., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., & Liu, N. (2013). Response of microchip solid-state laser to external frequency-shifted feedback and its applications. Scientific Reports, 3, 2912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S. (2016). Advanced Wireless Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Merci, B., Roekaerts, D., & Sadiki, A. (Eds.). (2011). Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion (Vol. 17). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Aggarwal, C. C. (2009). Trio A System for Data Uncertainty and Lineage. In C. C. Aggarwal (Ed.), Managing and Mining Uncertain Data (pp. 1–35). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 13). New Gel Could Prevent HIV Infection Hours After Sex. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections (No. GAO-14-116R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Puhr, R. A. (2013). Evolution of the Sparse inflorescence1 lineage in grasses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 30). Foot in the Door. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2007; Mjolsness & DeCoste, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mjolsness & DeCoste, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Andrew, Tsai, & Menon, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tan, Zhang, Zhang, Zhang, & Liu, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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