How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trevan, T. (2015). Biological research: Rethink biosafety. Nature, 527(7577), 155–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amico, G., & Aizen, M. A. (2000). Mistletoe seed dispersal by a marsupial. Nature, 408(6815), 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Groenigen, K. J., Osenberg, C. W., & Hungate, B. A. (2011). Increased soil emissions of potent greenhouse gases under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 475(7355), 214–216.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Asara, J. M., Schweitzer, M. H., Freimark, L. M., Phillips, M., & Cantley, L. C. (2007). Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5822), 280–285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blevins, R. D. (2015). Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Gan, Y., Gupta, P., & Gromiha, M. M. (Eds.). (2012). Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6839). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chau, M., Sriskandha, S. E., Thérien-Aubin, H., & Kumacheva, E. (2015). Supramolecular Nanofibrillar Polymer Hydrogels. In S. Seiffert (Ed.), Supramolecular Polymer Networks and Gels (pp. 167–208). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 29). Black Holes Sizes Follow A Formula. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Electronic Government: Agencies Face Challenges in Implementing New Federal Employee Identification Standard (GAO-06-178). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick, S. (2012). Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A non-invasive technique for monitoring dynamic trends in a respiratory system [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirk, -- Sophia, & Mawr, B. (1941, February 16). HASTE: Aid to Britain. New York Times, REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trevan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Amico & Aizen, 2000; Trevan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amico & Aizen, 2000)
  • Three authors: (van Groenigen et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Asara et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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