How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein, D. C. (2006). The roles of intracellular protein-degradation pathways in neurodegeneration. Nature, 443(7113), 780–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Honma, T., & Goto, K. (2001). Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs. Nature, 409(6819), 525–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu, B., Title, A., & Carlsson, M. (2014). Eyeing the Sun. Probing the solar interface region. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6207), 315.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kitamura, H., Tsuneyuki, S., Ogitsu, T., & Miyake, T. (2000). Quantum distribution of protons in solid molecular hydrogen at megabar pressures. Nature, 404(6775), 259–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. (2007). Positive Displacement Pumps. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lerer, L., Olshevsky, V., & Spitkovsky, I. M. (Eds.). (2010). Convolution Equations and Singular Integral Operators: Selected Papers of Israel Gohberg and Georg Heinig Israel Gohberg and Nahum Krupnik (Vol. 206). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
De Schutter, B., Ploeg, J., Dhevi Baskar, L., Naus, G., & Nijmeijer, H. (2012). Hierarchical, Intelligent and Automatic Controls. In A. Eskandarian (Ed.), Handbook of Intelligent Vehicles (pp. 81–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 9). Clouds Hide The Water On Hot Exoplanets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (OCG-99-18). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamudio, R. (2015). From community college to 4-year institutions: Latinas’ successful completion of STEM baccalaureate degrees [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Youssef, N. (2017, October 9). 2 Paths for Yemen’s War-Scarred Children: Combat or Marriage. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubinsztein, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Honma & Goto, 2001; Rubinsztein, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Honma & Goto, 2001)
  • Three authors: (De Pontieu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kitamura et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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