How to format your references using the Dreaming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dreaming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovley, D. R. (2001). Bioremediation. Anaerobes to the rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1444–1446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii, M. S., & Portegies Zwart, S. (2011). The origin of OB runaway stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1380–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Wang, H., & Zhao, X. (2014). Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Scientific Reports, 4, 7166.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turner, M., Golovko, V. B., Vaughan, O. P. H., Abdulkin, P., Berenguer-Murcia, A., Tikhov, M. S., Johnson, B. F. G., & Lambert, R. M. (2008). Selective oxidation with dioxygen by gold nanoparticle catalysts derived from 55-atom clusters. Nature, 454(7207), 981–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bech, S., & Zacharov, N. (2006). Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ord, A. (2009). Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience: Numerical Methods and Algorithms (B. E. Hobbs & C. Zhao, Eds.; Vol. 122). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bostan, I., Gheorghe, A., Dulgheru, V., Sobor, I., Bostan, V., & Sochirean, A. (2013). Kinetical Energy of River Running Water. In A. Gheorghe, V. Dulgheru, I. Sobor, V. Bostan, & A. Sochirean (Eds.), Resilient Energy Systems: Renewables: Wind, Solar, Hydro (pp. 165–360). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dreaming.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, August 22). Marijuana Provides Pain Relief For Men But Not Women. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Reorganization of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Western Test Range at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California (FPCD-77-65). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, A. K. (2008). Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 31). Wozniacki and Yale Are Cheering Each Other On. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovley, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii & Portegies Zwart, 2011; Lovley, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii & Portegies Zwart, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Turner et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleDreaming
ISSN (print)1053-0797
ISSN (online)1573-3351
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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