How to format your references using the Current Colorectal Cancer Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Miralda-Escudé J. Cosmology. Probing matter at the lowest densities. Science. 2001;293:1055–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Correia ACM, Laskar J. Mercury’s capture into the 3/2 spin-orbit resonance as a result of its chaotic dynamics. Nature. 2004;429:848–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Howat IM, Joughin I, Scambos TA. Rapid changes in ice discharge from Greenland outlet glaciers. Science. 2007;315:1559–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fox AR, Bart SC, Meyer K, Cummins CC. Towards uranium catalysts. Nature. 2008;455:341–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Harrison RG. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Yoshida Y, Langouche G, editors. Defects and Impurities in Silicon Materials: An Introduction to Atomic-Level Silicon Engineering. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. White RD. Ventricular Fibrillation and Defibrillation: State of Our Knowledge and Uncertainities. In: Gullo A, Ristagno G, editors. Resuscitation: Translational Research, Clinical Evidence, Education, Guidelines. Milano: Springer; 2014. p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Six Italian Scientists Acquitted of Manslaughter From 2009 Earthquake [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Management Challenges Continue to Hinder Efforts to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Feb. Report No.: GAO-13-342T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Allard IN. Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: Moderators of culture gap [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rojas R, Harris EA. Charge of Duct-Tape Assault at a School. New York Times. 2015 Oct 29;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Colorectal Cancer Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Colorectal Cancer Rep.
ISSN (print)1556-3790
ISSN (online)1556-3804

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