How to format your references using the Current Colorectal Cancer Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McMurray B. Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosion. Science. 2007;317:631.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shaw AS, Huang Y. Immunology. CAR’ing for the skin. Science. 2010;329:1154–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dai X, Chen A, Bai Z. Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6566.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Eschner J, Raab C, Schmidt-Kaler F, Blatt R. Light interference from single atoms and their mirror images. Nature. 2001;413:495–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bisen PS, Raghuvanshi R. Emerging Epidemics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1. Düsterhöft A, Klettke M, Schewe K-D, editors. Conceptual Modelling and Its Theoretical Foundations: Essays Dedicated to Bernhard Thalheim on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bel Enguix G, Nagy B. Modeling Syntactic Complexity with P Systems: A Preview. In: Ibarra OH, Kari L, Kopecki S, editors. Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation: 13th International Conference, UCNC 2014, London, ON, Canada, July 14-18, 2014, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 54–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Chinese Families To Sue Over Lead Poisoning In Landmark Case [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/chinese-families-sue-over-lead-poisoning-landmark-case/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Jun. Report No.: GAO-15-725T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Whitman S. Operational risk and financial institution leaders’ decision making: A quantitative descriptive correlation study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Arango T, Gordon MR. ISIS Is Routed As Iraqi Forces Reclaim Mosul. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Colorectal Cancer Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Colorectal Cancer Rep.
ISSN (print)1556-3790
ISSN (online)1556-3804
ScopeGastroenterology
Hepatology
Oncology

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