How to format your references using the Current Colorectal Cancer Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dobson JE. Big Brother has evolved. Nature. 2009;458:968.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wheeler TD, Stroock AD. The transpiration of water at negative pressures in a synthetic tree. Nature. 2008;455:208–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cattadori IM, Haydon DT, Hudson PJ. Parasites and climate synchronize red grouse populations. Nature. 2005;433:737–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rewitz KF, Yamanaka N, Gilbert LI, O’Connor MB. The insect neuropeptide PTTH activates receptor tyrosine kinase torso to initiate metamorphosis. Science. 2009;326:1403–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jakubith M. Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 1998.
An edited book
1. Cappabianca P, Cavallo LM, de Divitiis O, Esposito F, editors. Midline Skull Base Surgery. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hu Q, Wyttenbach N, Shiraki K, Choi DS. Miniaturized Screening Tools for Polymer and Process Evaluation. In: Shah N, Sandhu H, Choi DS, Chokshi H, Malick AW, editors. Amorphous Solid Dispersions: Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 165–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Colorectal Cancer Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. According To The UN, Current Pledges Aren’t Enough To Halt Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-95-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Salie A. Servant-minded leadership and work satisfaction in Islamic organizations: A correlational mixed study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schmidt MS. Trump Appealed to Comey to Halt Inquiry Into Aide. New York Times. 2017 May 16;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Colorectal Cancer Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Colorectal Cancer Rep.
ISSN (print)1556-3790
ISSN (online)1556-3804

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